Technology Enhanced Learning (2011)


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E-Learning 2.0 and recent trends in Technology Enhanced Learning 2011

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Technology Enhanced Learning (2011)

  1. 1. Dr Wolfgang Greller<br />Centre for Learning Sciences and Technologies<br />Open Universiteit Nederland<br />Hagenberg, 16 Juni 2011<br />E-Learning in Learning, Teaching, Work and Knowledge Processes:<br />Potential and Challenges<br />
  2. 2. Profile<br /><ul><li>Associate Professor
  3. 3. Researcher
  4. 4. Project Manager
  5. 5. EU Evaluator
  6. 6. E-Learning Manager
  7. 7. Flexible Networker
  8. 8. Lifelong Learner</li></li></ul><li>CELSTEC<br /><ul><li>Learning & Cognition
  9. 9. Learning Networks
  10. 10. Learning Media</li></ul>Research, Development, Innovation in<br />Technology Enhanced Learning<br />
  11. 11. Centralised<br />Focus on institution<br />Platform(VLE/LMS)<br />Traditional curriculum<br />Classes & cohorts<br />Online lecture notes<br />Content<br />Learning objects<br />Consumption<br />Instructor<br />Certification<br />Industrialisation<br />Scalability<br />Outreach, equal opportunities<br />Shift in e-Learning<br />Decentralised<br />Learner-focussed<br />PLE<br />Open lifelong learning<br />Open Learning Networks<br />Adaptive Environments<br />Process<br />Pedagogic design (LD)<br />Creation<br />Mentor, Moderator, Orchestrator<br />Competences<br />Individualisation<br />Personalisation<br />Context (Work, Play, Leisure)<br />
  12. 12. Knowledge Acquisition<br />create, form, share<br />participate <br />reflekt<br />evidence<br />consume<br />transfer<br />transmit<br />certify<br />socialise<br />connect<br />create (together)<br />collaborate<br />recognise<br />Process<br />Content<br />Socio-constructivism<br />Behaviorism<br />Instructivism<br />Constructivism<br />Connectivism<br />Cognitivism<br />
  13. 13. Advantages<br />Short Head:<br />Traditional Teaching<br />Masseducation<br />e-Learning 1.0<br />Flexibility<br />Breaks down time- & location barriers<br />Extends existing course structures<br />Continuous Learning: LLL, professional development, situated learning, micro learning, learning networks<br />New Business Models<br />Long Tail:<br />Learning niches<br />e-Learning 2.0<br />Lifelong Learning<br />C. Anderson 2004<br />
  14. 14. Evolution of Systems<br />Learning<br />Contextual<br />Intelligent<br />Personal<br />E-Learning 2.0<br />Integrated<br />Connected<br />Collaborative<br />Social/Communicative<br />Dynamic<br />Databases/RSS<br />Systems<br />E-Learning 1.0<br />Interactive<br />Multimedia<br />Static<br />HTML- or Text<br />
  15. 15. LLL: Work Situation<br /><ul><li>Jobs increasingly mobile
  16. 16. Hours increasingly flexible
  17. 17. Times in one job become shorter
  18. 18. Face-to-face training and one-fits-all courses loose importance</li></ul>Learning for the job Learning is the job<br />
  19. 19. Challenges<br /><ul><li>Learners: Learning to learn, live with change, reflection
  20. 20. Teachers: Role change, orchestration
  21. 21. Institutions: Openness, quality assurance
  22. 22. Corporate Learning: Change management, cultural change,learning organisation</li></ul>Open Questions:<br />Pedagogic efficiency: Blended Learning, orchestration, evidence<br />New key competences: e.g. reflection, interpretation, evaluation<br />New ethics, privacy/law/identity/ownership<br />Educational, access & technology standards: e.g. IMS LD, Open Data<br />
  23. 23. Technology Enhanced Learning (TEL)<br />Themes over the last 5 years:<br />Competence development<br />Learning networks<br />Creativity, critical thinking<br />Mobile learning - ubiquity<br />Game mechanics<br />Mash-up PLEs<br />Innovation management<br />Integrated system architectures<br />Recommender systems<br />Context-aware systems<br />Learning & Knowledge Analytics<br />Language Technologies<br />Open Practice<br />e-Portfolios<br />
  24. 24. Learning Networks<br />Learning Networks:<br />“A Learning Network is a technology supported community of people who are helping each other to better understand and handle certain events and concepts in work or life” (Sloep, 2009)<br />Problem oriented or theme oriented<br /><ul><li>Problem solution (ad hoc)
  25. 25. Extension of existing learning structures
  26. 26. Professional development
  27. 27. Career and employability</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Exchange of knowledge and experiences with stakeholders
  28. 28. collective knowledge creation across entire sector
  29. 29. Catalyst for change
  30. 30. Meets flexible learning needs of sectors</li></ul>Learning Networks<br />
  31. 31. Sample Case: Libraries Limburg<br />Limburg’s public libraries in the Netherlands have to reinvent their role in society and need to retrain their staff to meet these needs. For their employees they create a learning network to restructure and innovate collaboratively their services and to update the competences of staff for the digital age.<br />
  32. 32. Learning & Knowledge Analytics<br />Knowledge Society<br />Knowledge Workers<br />(Horizon 2011)<br />Making use of abundant data :<br />Linked Data<br />Knowledge<br />Information<br />Data<br />T. Berners-Lee 2009<br />
  33. 33. Learning & Knowledge Analytics<br /><ul><li>New insights from data
  34. 34. Make invisibles visible
  35. 35. Recommender systems & Personalisation
  36. 36. Drop-out warnings</li></ul>But!<br /><ul><li>Privacy?!
  37. 37. Equity?!
  38. 38. Impact?!
  39. 39. Dependency on method?!</li></li></ul><li>Learning & Knowledge Analytics<br />Design Framework:<br />Competences<br />Constraints<br />Critical thinking<br />Interpre-tation<br />Privacy<br />Ethics<br />Institutions<br />EDM<br />Method<br />Stakeholders<br />Teachers<br />Learning Analytics<br />Machine Learning<br />Learners<br />Statistical Analysis<br />Parents<br />Open<br />Protected<br />Reflection<br />Prediction<br />Goals<br />Data<br />W. Greller 2011<br />
  40. 40. Mobile Learning<br /><ul><li>Ubiquitous access to learning, e.g. e-books, content
  41. 41. Contextualisation
  42. 42. Authentic learning, localised learning
  43. 43. Sensors, Channels, AR
  44. 44. Reflection amplifiers: in situ reflection
  45. 45. Microlearning</li></li></ul><li>Language Technologies<br />NLP, LSA, Sentiment Analyse, SNA, ML<br /><ul><li>Analysis of learner artefacts
  46. 46. Conceptual understanding in semantic space
  47. 47. Detection of concept gaps
  48. 48. Positioning
  49. 49. Discourse analysis
  50. 50. Student engagement</li></ul>CONSPECT<br />PolyCafe<br />Conceptograms<br />Polyphonic Chat/Forum Analysis<br />
  51. 51. Openness<br />New Openness concepts:<br /><ul><li>Open Educational Resources (tangible/intangible)
  52. 52. Open Practice (open processes)
  53. 53. Open (Peer) Assessment
  54. 54. Open Innovation
  55. 55. Open Data</li></li></ul><li>FP7 Call8<br />Objective 8.1 Technology-Enhanced Learning<br />Technology-enhanced systems endowed with capabilities of human tutors<br />Educational technologies for Science, Technology and Maths<br />Advanced solutions for fast and flexible deployment of learning opportunities at the workplace<br />Computational tools fostering creativity in learning processes<br />Exploratory activities for fundamentally new forms of learning through ICT<br />