MLA format


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MLA format

  1. 1. MLA Format And How to Make Some Sense Out of it
  2. 2. Overview <ul><li>We will discuss the main parts of formatting an essay in MLA format. This includes: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The front page </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Parenthetical citing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Works Cited page </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Major Hint! <ul><li>None of this needs to be memorized and you shouldn't try to do so. Only remember a few key points about the format and know where to find the rest. </li></ul><ul><li>There are many resources for you to use that deal with MLA format: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Your book </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The course website: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>OWL @ Purdue: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Big Dog's Grammar – MLA Quick Guide: </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. The First Page <ul><li>The first page is formatted like this: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The first five lines: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Name </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Instructor's name </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Course title </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Essay due date </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Title (centered) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>In the upper right hand corner: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Last name and page number </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Why do we need this information? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>This makes it easy for instructors to locate your essay, keep track of all the pages, and shows formality. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It's like going to a formal dance: you have to look nice for people to take notice. The dazzling parts will come in the essay itself. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Parenthetical Citing: Why? <ul><li>We cite for a few simple reasons: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>So people know where our information is coming from. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>So we show proper respect to who we got the information from. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>So people can locate the information if they want to do follow-up research themselves. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Remembering to cite shows that you are a respectful person and a smart scholar. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Parenthetical Citing: Where? <ul><li>We cite whenever we use information from a source. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Summaries: An essay from Mother Jones proves using anecdotes why violent media is good for kids (Jones). </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Paraphrases: Without the help of Tarzan and his “flashing knives”, Jones' son would never have climbed the tree (37). </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Quotes: According to Jones, “Pretending to have superhuman powers helps children conquer feelings of powerlessness that inevitably come with being so young and small” (37). </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Parenthetical Citing: Where? <ul><li>When in doubt, cite! </li></ul>
  8. 8. Parenthetical Citing: How? <ul><li>As you saw in earlier examples, parenthetical citing occurs at the end of the sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>If you are citing a quote, the period goes outside the quotation marks. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Usually the period is a part of the sentence and not the quote itself, so it belongs outside the quote. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Parenthetical Citing: How? <ul><li>When you cite, you use the author's last name and the page number: (Jones 37). </li></ul>
  10. 10. But Mr. Lewis, my source... <ul><li>There are many works that won't have one author and/or page numbers. Here are some variations to the main pattern, but if you aren't sure check a source: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Has two or three authors: Use all their names: (William and Westrich 466) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Has four or more authors: Use the first name followed by et. al.: (Weisburg et. al. 879) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Has no author: Use a short version of the title: (“Violent Media” 37) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A source quoted in another source: Use qtd. in followed by the author of the source you got it from: (qtd. in Jones 37) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Has no page numbers: Just list the author (Jones) . </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>Pause. </li></ul><ul><li>Take a deep breath. </li></ul><ul><li>Any questions? </li></ul>
  12. 12. Works Cited Page: Format <ul><li>Here's the general format of the works cited page: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Put “Works Cited” at the top and align it in the center. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Then place all your works in alphabetical order by the first item that appears in each entry (Usually the author's last name). </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>All entries are set in hanging indent which you can set up in the paragraph section of your word processor. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>The works cited page is always put on a separate page and is the last page of your essay. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Works Cited Page: General Entry Format <ul><li>All entries in your works cited page will follow a general rule: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Last name, first name. “Work the author wrote.” Larger work it appeared in . </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Keep note of this as we look through how to cite four common works: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>a book </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>an article or chapter from a book </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>an article from a periodical </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>a webpage </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Works Cited Page: Book <ul><li>Last name, first name. Title of the book . City of publication: Publisher, year of publication. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gardner, Traci. Designing Writing Assignments . Urbana: National Council of Teachers of English, 2008. Print. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Greenwood, Ed. Elminster: The Making of a Mage. Lake Geneva: TSR, 1994. Print. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Works Cited Page: Article or Chapter from a Book <ul><ul><li>Last name, first name. “Article or chapter title.” Book title . Edition number (if it has it). Ed. Editor(s) (first name last name). City of publication: Publisher, year of publication. Page numbers. Print. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ex. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Eberstadt, Mary. “Eminem Is Right.” The Little, Brown Reader . 12 th ed. Ed. Marcia Stubbs and Sylvan Barnet. New York: Pearson Education, Inc., 2011. 171-184. Print. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Standage, Tom. “Bad to the Last Drop.” Practical Argument: A Text and Anthology . Ed. Laurie G. Kirszner and Stephen R. Mandell. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2011. 24-26. Print. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Works Cited Page: Article from a Periodical <ul><li>Last name, first name. “Title of article.” Title of periodical. Volume number.Issue number (Month Year): Page numbers. Print. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mare, Estelle Alma. “There is no Hero Without a Dragon: A Revisionist Interpretation of the Myth of St. George and the Dragon.” Religion and Theology . 13.2 (2006): 195-203. Print. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nownes, Nicholas and Michael Stebleton. “Reflective Writing and Life-Career Planning: Extending the Learning in a Learning Community Model.” Teaching English in the Two-Year College . 38.2 (December 2010): 118-131. Print </li></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Works Cited Page: Webpage <ul><li>Last name, first name. “Webpage title.” Website title . Publisher (n.p. if none), Date of publication (n.d. if none). Web. Date you visited. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wald, Matthew L. “Republicans Suggest White House Rushed Solar Company's Loans.” The New York Times . New York Times, 14 Sep. 2011. Web. 14 Sep. 2011 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Webley, Kayla. “How One Teacher's Angry Blog Sparked a Viral Classroom Debate.” Time . Time, 18 Feb. 2011. Web. 15 August 2011. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  18. 18. But Mr. Lewis, I'm missing... <ul><li>Typically, if you're missing something, you can skip it. </li></ul><ul><li>If you are missing an author, the article/webpage/chapter title becomes the first part of your entry. </li></ul><ul><li>If you aren't sure of what to do, you can always look it up. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Now's a Good Time to... <ul><li>Look up one type of entry we didn't cover in your book. </li></ul><ul><li>Where did you find it? </li></ul><ul><li>How is it similar to the other entries? </li></ul><ul><li>How is it different from the other entries? </li></ul>