advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses.Open Sharing, Global Benefits The OpenCourseWare Consortium www.ocwconsortium.org
Willem van Valkenburg Director TU Delft OpenCourseWare OCW.tudelft.nl Assistant to the President of the OpenCourseWare Consortium Projectleader EU-project OCW in the European HE context twitter.com/wfvanvalkenburg slideshare.net/wfvanvalkenburg
“Open” TerminologyOpen = free/flexible/sharableOpen License = sharable license (example:Creative Commons’ most open license: CC-BY)Open CourseWare (OCW) = sharable coursematerialsOpen Educational Resources (OER) = sharablelearning materials (broader than OCW)Source: Tom Caswellhttp://www.slideshare.net/tom4cam/going-open-lessons-learned-from-the-open-course-library
Why OER?1. Education is Sharing (the technical argument)2. Buy One, Get One (the political argument)3. The Paradox of Free (the financial argument, part 1)4. The $5 Textbook (the financial argument, part 2)5. Continuous Improvement (the quality argument)6. Content is Infrastructure (the innovation argument)7. Do the Right Thing (the moral argument) Source: David Wiley http://www.slideshare.net/opencontent/why-oer
1. Education is Sharing• Teachers Share With Students• Students Share With Teachers• Knowledge is Magical: – Can be given without being given away• Educational Sharing also means adapting or editing – but copyright forbids this
3. The Paradox of Free Won’t people stop paying for thecourse materials or books if they’re free?
Research from David Wiley• Over 2% of people who access open online courses become paying customers• Downloads of free online books correlate strongly with sales of print books• A for-profit business can be financially successful using CC licenses on its textbooks Source: davidwiley.org
4. The $5 Textbook• Open Textbooks: FlatWorldKnowledge.com – Pay $35 instead of $150 - $200 per book – http://opencontent.org/calculator
5. Continuous Improvement Almost every industry (1) gathers and (2) uses data more effectively than we do
What If You Could Know• Which students need the most help?• Specifically what those students need help on?• The least effective parts of you curriculum?• Which parts of your tests are malfunctioning?Knowing what needs fixed, when you don’thave permission to fix it
OpennessGives us permission to makechanges and improvements
• To speed innovation, increase quality and decrease cost of infrastructure• Content is Critical – An important part of every educational institution’s infrastructure• Examples – Openstudy.com – University of the People: tuition-free online university – OER University – Mozilla Badges
Consider Our Responsibility What kind of ethical or moral responsibility do we have? Who are you accountable to?
advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses.Activities of the OpenCourseWare Consortium are generously supported by:The William and Flora Hewlett FoundationSustaining Members of the OCW Consortium: The African Virtual University China Open Resources for Education Delft University of Technology Fundação Getulio Vargas Japan OpenCourseWare Consortium Johns Hopkins Bloomburg School of Public Health Korea OpenCourseWare Consortium Massachusetts Institute of Technology Netease Information Technology Co. Open Universiteit Tecnológico de Monterrey Tufts University Universia Universidad Politécnica de Madrid University of California, Irvine University of Michigan University of the Western CapeAnd contributions of member organizations
advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses. www.ocwconsortium.org opencourseware.eu ocw.tudelft.nltwitter.com/wfvanvalkenburgslideshare.net/wfvanvalkenburge-learn.nl
advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses. Slides credits: David Wiley – Why OER? http://www.slideshare.net/opencontent/why-oer Tom Caswell - Going Open: Lessons Learned from the Open Course Library http://www.slideshare.net/tom4cam/going-open-lessons-learned-from-the-open-course-library OCW Consortium - Overview ocw july 2011 http://www.slideshare.net/OCWConsortium/overview-ocw-july-2011 Photo credits: Share http://www.flickr.com/photos/opensourceway/4424154829/in/photostream/ IMG_4591 http://www.flickr.com/photos/bionicteaching/4700979984/ cc-by-sa La belle tzigane http://www.flickr.com/photos/joyoflife/21063837 cc-by-saKaren and Sharon http://www.flickr.com/photos/brookebocast/209420446/cc-by-nc-saLearn http://www.flickr.com/photos/heycoach/1197947341/ cc-by-nc-saDiscussion http://www.flickr.com/photos/djof/294059951/cc-by-nc-sa Asian Library Interior 5 http://www.flickr.com/photos/ubclibrary/453351638/ cc-by-nc-sa Petru http://www.flickr.com/photos/joyoflife/23724427/ cc-by-nc-sa Opensourceways http://www.flickr.com/photos/opensourceway/4371000710/ cc-by-sa Anka Mulder at OCWC Conference May 5th 2011 Photographer Willem van Valkenburg http://foto.e-learn.nl/v/ocwcglobal2011/0505-banquet/IMG_1150.jpg.html cc-by-sa