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Open Education Workshop for ICEL EELU


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Open Education Workshop for the International Conference on E-learning organised by the Egyptian E-learning University on 26th of June 2014 in Cairo.

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Open Education Workshop for ICEL EELU

  1. 1. Unless otherwise indicated, this presentation is licensed CC-BY 4.0. Please attribute OpenEducation Consortium / Willem van Valkenburg Workshop Open Education International Conference on e-Learning Egyptian E-Learning University, Cairo, Egypt Willem van Valkenburg Board Member
  2. 2. Willem van Valkenburg Production & Delivery Manager TU Delft Extension School Board member Open Education Consortium Project Manager OpenCourseWare Europe
  3. 3. Who We Are The Open Education Consortium is a worldwide community of hundreds of higher education institutions and associated organizations committed to advancing open education and its impact on global education. We seek to instill openness as a feature of education around the world, allowing greatly expanded access to education while providing a shared body of knowledge upon which innovative and effective approaches to today’s social problems can be built. The Open Education Consortium realizes change by leveraging its sources of expert opinion, its global network and its position as the principal voice of open education.
  4. 4. What it means to be global 30,000+ courses 280+ organizations 40 countries 29 languages
  5. 5. WHO ARE YOU?
  6. 6. Content 1. Introduction 2. Why Open Education? 3. What is Open Education? 4. Licensing with Creative Commons 5. University case: Delft University of Technology 6. What can the Open Education Consortium offer you?
  7. 7. 1. Introduction
  8. 8. Worldwide Participation in Higher Education is Expected to Grow ~60% by 2025… 2011 2025 Worldwide Participants in Tertiary Education, 2011 and 2025 Projected In order to accommodate these 98 million new students, four major universities of 30,000+ students would need to open every week for the next 15 years Source:; OECD indicators Education at a Glance 2012 and Trends in Global Higher Education: Tracking an Academic Revolution, UNESCO 2009 165M 263M
  9. 9. …and Employers are Increasingly Seeking Skilled Workers ~90-95M low-skill workers (2.6% of the global workforce) will not be needed by employers by 2020 Employers will need ~45M more medium-skill workers and ~38-40M more high-skill workers than will be available by 2020 Source: McKinsey Global Institute
  10. 10. The Opportunity Decreased Cost Increased access Higher percentage of individuals educated
  11. 11. Our Solution
  12. 12. 2. Why Open Education?
  13. 13. 1. Education is Sharing • Teachers Share With Students • Students Share With Teachers • Knowledge is Magical: – Can be given without being given away • Educational Sharing also means adapting or editing – but copyright forbids this CC-BY David Wiley:
  14. 14. 2. Buy One, Get One CC-BY David Wiley:
  15. 15. Who Pays for Research? • Publishers make 2% of the investment, then take © and charge you for access • Public (Who Paid) Has No Access All taxpayer-funded educational resources should be OER CC-BY David Wiley:
  16. 16. 3. The Paradox of Free • Won’t people stop paying for the course materials or books if they’re free?
  17. 17. Research from David Wiley • Over 2% of people who access open online courses become paying customers • Downloads of free online books correlate strongly with sales of print books • A for-profit business can be financially successful using CC licenses on its textbooks Source: CC-BY David Wiley:
  18. 18. 4. The $5 Textbook CC-BY David Wiley:
  19. 19. 4. The $5 Textbook • Open Textbooks: – Pay $35 instead of $150 - $200 per book – CC-BY David Wiley:
  20. 20. 5. Continuous Improvement • Almost every industry (1) gathers and (2) uses data more effectively than we do CC-BY David Wiley:
  21. 21. What If You Could Know • Which students need the most help? • Specifically what those students need help on? • The least effective parts of you curriculum? • Which parts of your tests are malfunctioning? Knowing what needs fixed, when you don’t have permission to fix it CC-BY David Wiley:
  22. 22. Openness Gives us permission to make changes and improvements CC-BY David Wiley:
  23. 23. 6. Content is Infrastructure CC-BY David Wiley:
  24. 24. • To speed innovation, increase quality and decrease cost of infrastructure • Content is Critical – An important part of every educational institution’s infrastructure • Examples – – University of the People: tuition-free online university – OER University – Mozilla Badges CC-BY David Wiley:
  25. 25. 7. Do the Right Thing CC-BY David Wiley:
  26. 26. Consider Our Responsibility • What kind of ethical or moral responsibility do we have? • Who are you accountable to? CC-BY David Wiley:
  27. 27. 3. What is Open Education?
  28. 28. CC BY Tinou Bao
  29. 29. CC-BY Alan Levine:
  30. 30. • Free to Reuse • Free to Revise • Free to Remix • Free to Redistribute • Free to Retain David Wiley 5Rs framework: Image CC By Sunshine Connelly. Original image CC By RecycleThis
  31. 31. What is Open Education? Open Education encompasses resources, tools and practices that employ a framework of open sharing to improve educational access and effectiveness worldwide. Open Education combines the traditions of knowledge sharing and creation with 21st century technology to create a vast pool of openly shared educational resources while harnessing today’s collaborative spirit to develop educational approaches that are more responsive to learner’s needs.
  32. 32. What is OpenCourseWare? • High quality educational materials organized as courses A course is package of educational materials starting a particular point in the knowledge spectrum, designed to lead to greater understanding of the issue or topic • Openly licensed for distribution, re-use and modification, available to all on the internet
  33. 33. OCW part of the Open Movement Open Content Open Educational Resources OCW • OCW is only one type of Open Educational Resource (OER). • OERs are only one type of Open Content. • We have much to share with each other.
  34. 34. OLN OEC 5-components model for Open Education Open Education (OE) OLS Open Learning Services OTE Open Teaching Efforts Open Educational Resources OER Open to Learners’ Needs Open to Employability and Capabilities development CC BY Fred Mulder in OER Trendrapport 2013: 7032013+%28HR%29.pdf
  35. 35. MOOC poster by Mathieu Plourde licensed CC-BY: What is a MOOC?
  36. 36. Basic ingredients of a MOOC Learning Unit 1 Learning Unit 2 Learning Unit 3 Learning Unit 4 Learning Unit 5 Learning Unit 6 Up to 10 weeks Learning Unit MOOC is divided into weeks. From 3 to 10 weeks 4 to 12 hours study time Clear learning goals, end-of unit assessment Learning Block 1 Learning Block 2 Learning Block 3 Each with a couple of self- contained learning blocks video quiz text quiz discuss CC-BY Willem van Valkenburg:
  37. 37. Student Patterns MOOCs
  38. 38. jh58Em8WmJI 0ETjMcGeD3U d4XO2_u7YYk Me5IsoHZg Video examples Videos: CC-BY TU Delft
  39. 39. Start date: Januari 2012 Founder: S. Thrun (Stanford) Budget: $15million (VentureCapital) Company: Commercial Profile: Professional OpenSource: No #Universities: non #Courses: 33 #Students: 1.5million Disciplines: ICT Certificates: Yes Accreditation: Yes (1) Start date: April 2012 Founder(s): Koller &Nge (Stanford) Budget: $65miljoen (VentureCaptital) Company: Commercial Profile: Academic OpenSource: No #Universities: 110+ #Courses: 650+ #Students: 7.5million Disciplines: All Certificates: Yes Accreditation: Yes(5) Start date: May2012 Founder: A. Agarwal (MIT&Harvard) Budget: $80million (8Universities) Company: Non-profit Profile: AcademicSelective OpenSource: Platform #Universities: 46(+3regions) #Courses: 200 #Students: 2.5million Disciplines: All Certification: Yes Accreditation: Yes(1) Leading platforms grow spectacular
  40. 40. Followed by a surge of new platforms
  41. 41. EdRaak Source:
  42. 42. 4. Creative Commons licensing
  43. 43. Do you recognise this? What does it mean? CC-BY OpenCourseWare Europe / Ignasi Labastida:
  44. 44. What is Creative Commons? • CC is a non-profit organization based in the US with more than 80 affiliates around the world. • CC develops, supports, and stewards legal and technical infrastructure that maximizes digital creativity, sharing, and innovation. CC-BY OpenCourseWare Europe / Ignasi Labastida:
  45. 45. Creative Commons Licenses • The most successful project is the set of licenses based on copyright laws and inspired by the free software licenses. • Currently, there are six “standard” licenses, a license-waiver and a Public Domain Mark. • The last version of the licenses is 4.0 CC-BY OpenCourseWare Europe / Ignasi Labastida:
  46. 46. A bit of copyright • Copyright is a time limited monopoly • Authors rights and related rights – Moral rights – Exploitation rights • Reproduction • Distribution • Public Display or Performance • Transformation CC-BY OpenCourseWare Europe / Ignasi Labastida:
  47. 47. Six Creative Commons Licenses • A work licensed under any CC license can be – Reproduced – Distributed – public displayed or performed • without a commercial purpose • Depending on the license or under request, a work can be used broadly CC-BY OpenCourseWare Europe / Ignasi Labastida:
  48. 48. Six Creative Commons Licenses • A user of a work licensed under any CC license must: – attribute authors and any part requested – maintain the license – ask for permission to use the work beyond uses granted by the licence CC-BY OpenCourseWare Europe / Ignasi Labastida:
  49. 49. Six Creative Commons Licenses • Differences: – Some licenses allow commercial uses – Some licenses allow derivative works – Some licenses require to license a derivative work under the same license than the original work or under a compatible license CC-BY OpenCourseWare Europe / Ignasi Labastida:
  50. 50. Six Creative Commons Licenses CC-BY OpenCourseWare Europe / Ignasi Labastida:
  51. 51. Before licensing • Who owns copyright? • All material is original? • What am I allowing? • Which license suits me? CC-BY OpenCourseWare Europe / Ignasi Labastida:
  52. 52. Marking works with a license • Human readable • Legal text • Machine readable CC-BY OpenCourseWare Europe / Ignasi Labastida:
  53. 53. Where to find licensed works • CC Search Engine • Institutional or Subject-based repository • User generated content platforms • Public Sector portals CC-BY OpenCourseWare Europe / Ignasi Labastida:
  54. 54. TU Delft Open Education CC-BY TU Delft
  55. 55. Education Research ICT • OpenCourseWare • DelftX • iTunesU • Open Data • Open Access • Open Journals • Open Source Software • Open API
  56. 56. Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) Open Course Ware (OCW) Online Distance Education (ODE) Campus Education • 2 MOOCs finished (> 80.000 enrollments) • ≈ 5.000 Certificates of Completion • 3 MOOCs are running (> 50k enrollments) • 6 new MOOCs in the fall • No Credits • More than 130 courses online & 10.000 weblectures recorded • Unique visitors > 800 /day • No interaction with faculty • No accredited certificate • 1 full online master (25 courses) • 2 modules, 1 minor, 1 master (6 courses) • 50 students (30 on-campus) • Full Master Degree / Accredited Course Certificate • 19.000 on-campus students • Bachelor – Master – Phd • 1 blended Bachelors Open & Online Education CC-BY TU Delft Extension School / Willem van Valkenburg:
  57. 57. Online Campus Closed (paid) Open (Free) Online Distance Education CC-BY TU Delft Extension School / Willem van Valkenburg:
  58. 58. MOOC • Open Access • Bachelor level • Single course • No EC • Certificate of Completion Course • Pay per course • Bachelor and master • Single Course • <10 EC • Course Certificate Series • Pay per course • Bachelor and Master • Couple of courses • 10 -15 EC • Formal Certificate Module • Pay per course • Bachelor & Master • Couple of courses/series • 30 EC • Formal Diploma Programme • Pay per course • Master • Couple of courses/series/module s • > 60 EC • Formal Master BLENDED CC-BY TU Delft Extension School / Willem van Valkenburg:
  59. 59. BK CiTG EWI IO LR TBM TNW Water treatment Solar energy Credit Risk Functional Programming Design Approach Aeronautical Engineering NGInfra Responsible Innovation Problem Analysis Biobased Products Fundamentals of Water Treatment Advanced Design & Optimization of Aerospace Structures Principles of Policy Analysis Blended Bachelor Technische Bestuurskunde (44 courses) Adaptive Aerospace Structures Advanced Structural Analysis Structural Modeling Non-Linear Structural Modeling Buckling of Structures Policy and Strategy Models Policy Analysis of Multi-actor Systems Technology Development & Impact Assessment Continuous Systems Modelling Ethics MSc Civil Engineering, Water Management track (24 courses) AMS courses Fatigue of Structures and materials Composites: Materials, Structures and Production Processes Rotorcraft Mechanics and design Rotor Aerodynamics Aeroelasticity Master Thesis Preparation MOOC Online Course Online Master Programme Blended programme 3mE Digitale Doorstroom Minor HBO-WB (8 courses) 17 courses OpenCourseWare 6 courses7 courses3 courses29 courses30 courses8 courses29 courses
  60. 60. Delft Extension School June 19, 2014 OPENCOURSEWARE
  61. 61. Delft Extension School June 19, 2014 TU Delft OpenCourseWare •Started in 2007 •More than 130 courses online •Daily visits > 1,000 •Courses from Bachelor and Master CC-BY Willem van Valkenburg:
  62. 62. Delft Extension School June 19, 2014 Use and Re-use of OCW •Choice of Study •Prepare International Students •Use in Developing Countries •Source of Reference •Extracurricular education Images CC-BY-NC-SA:
  63. 63. Delft Extension School June 19, 2014 1. Choice of study •Provide introduction courses for all 15 Bachelor programmes •Used in communication to high schools. •M&C uses this in the marketing and promotion CC-BY Willem van Valkenburg:
  64. 64. Delft Extension School June 19, 2014 2. Prepare International Students •Working together with the International Office •For international students it is a big step to study in Delft. •With OpenCourseWare they can prepare themselves •Courses are promoted via the NING- community •Focus on ‘schakel’ programmes CC-BY Willem van Valkenburg:
  65. 65. Delft Extension School June 19, 2014 3. Use in Developing Countries •Cooperation with local universities • E.g. Watermanagement in Bandung, South Africa and Mozambique (grants received) •Focus on online learning •Cooperate with CICAT CC-BY Willem van Valkenburg:
  66. 66. Delft Extension School June 19, 2014 4. Source of Reference •Provide a course as resource for students that they need to refer to often •Reference for the Life Long Learners •E.g. Delft Design Guide CC-BY Willem van Valkenburg:
  67. 67. Delft Extension School June 19, 2014 5. Extracurricular Education •Extracurricular courses for honors students •Courses for mastering software programmes (e.g. Maple, Matlap, Maya) •Courses of minors CC-BY Willem van Valkenburg:
  68. 68. Delft Extension School June 19, 2014 DELFTX MOOCS
  69. 69. Delft Extension School June 19, 2014 Why EdX? •Consortium of top universities •Focus on improving campus education •It is not-for-profit •It has a focus on Open •Focus on research of innovation in education
  70. 70. Delft Extension School June 19, 2014 What kind of MOOCs do we want? Image CC-BY TU Delft / Mark van Huystee
  71. 71. Delft Extension School June 19, 2014 DelftX Courses Water Treatment Solar Energy Next Generation Infrastructures Aeronautical Engineering Credit Risk Management September‘13March/April‘14
  72. 72. Delft Extension School June 19, 2014 United States, 8479 India, 8024 Pakistan, 1484 Netherlands, 1477 United Kingdom, 1428 Brazil, 1412 Spain, 1411 Canada, 1036 Mexico, 998 Colombia, 969 Solar Energy United States, 4118 India, 3005 Spain, 794 United Kingdom, 754 Brazil, 727 Netherlands, 631 Nigeria, 611 Canada, 591 Colombia, 514 Mexico, 491 Water Treatment MOOC students: life long learning CC-BY TU Delft DelftX
  73. 73. Delft Extension School June 19, 2014 Teaser Aeronautical Engineering Source: Image video still from above video CC-BY DelftX
  74. 74. Delft Extension School June 19, 2014 Overall results Water Treatment Solar Energy Aero # Enrollments 29.179 56.809 15.713 # students accessed the course 23.617 47.183 15.593 # tried at least 1 HW 5.917 (25%) 9.580 (20%) 4.288 (27%) # Certificates 534 (2,3%) 2.912 (6,2%) 586 (3,7%) # perfect score 2 162 8 CC-BY TU Delft DelftX
  75. 75. Delft Extension School June 19, 2014 Map Next Generation Infrastructures Each marker on the map represents a participating student in this course. CC-BY TU Delft DelftX
  76. 76. Delft Extension School June 19, 2014 User-generated content: show your own PV System CC-BY TU Delft DelftX
  77. 77. Delft Extension School June 19, 2014 Functional Programming Delft Design Approach Drinking Water Sewage water Solving Complex Problems Solar Energy Biobased products Responsible Innovation Water & Climate Next Generation Infrastructures II
  78. 78. What can the Open Education Consortium offer you?
  79. 79. Membership Benefits Collaborative Network Advocacy & Awareness Tools & Support Curated Resources
  80. 80. Open Education Consortium Services & Activities Access the members forum to discuss policy development, find ways open educational resources are used at institutions, learn more about open licensing and post questions Participate in Open Education Week, the annual, global event to promote open education and its impact Discover new projects in our case study library Attend or present at the annual Open Education Global Conference Join the open education professional directory. Find other professionals in your region and across the world. Learn about effective implementation strategies, innovative thinking and new developments through our webinar series.
  81. 81. Consulting Services • We offer consulting services to help universities assess their readiness for open education, their capacities, and to develop a working plan to incorporate open education into everyday university practice. • Consulting teams include people from different geographic regions and cultural backgrounds.
  82. 82. Join Us • The education landscape is rapidly changing as a result of the digital revolution • Education is becoming increasingly global, accessible, and interconnected • Open Education Consortium is at the forefront of this movement as a truly global network for open education • We invite you to be part of this conversation Join us today and help shape the future of education For more information and to become a member, visit
  83. 83.