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advancing formal and informal learning through the                              worldwide sharing and use of free, open, h...
Willem van Valkenburg          Director TU Delft OpenCourseWare          OCW.tudelft.nl          Assistant to the Presiden...
Opening education:    What, Who, Why?(and how libraries can lead)
What is happening?
http://www.nytimes.com/2001/04/04/us/auditing-classes-at-mit-on-the-web-and-free.html
http://www.nytimes.com/2011/08/16/science/16stanford.html
http://www.nytimes.com/2012/03/19/world/europe/19iht-educlede19.html?_r=1
http://www.forbes.com/sites/petercohan/2012/05/06/will-edx-put-harvard-and-mit-out-of-business/
http://www.insidehighered.com/blogs/technology-and-learning/why-every-university-does-not-need-mooc
http://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2012/07/the-single-most-important-experiment-in-higher-education/259953/
What are all those abbreviations?
What is “Open”?• Free                                                                  • Quality assurance• Shared        ...
OCW part of the Open Movement  Open Content   • OCW is only one type of                   Open Educational     Open       ...
What are Open Educational Resources?• Shared educational materials• Openly licensed for distribution, re-use and  modifica...
What is OpenCourseWare?• High quality educational materials organized  as courses A course is package of educational mater...
What is a MOOC•   Massive•   Open•   Online•   Course       Image CC-BY-NC Gordon Lockhart:       http://gbl55.wordpress.c...
Massive• Stanford University – Artificial Intelligence  course  – 160,000 students• MIT – Circuits and Electronics course ...
Open• Everybody can participate• But more important, there are many ways to  participate:  – ‘open’ means being able to wa...
Online• Means that it is connective,  interactive• You can’t put a MOOC on a DVD• The MOOC is the process• It is a process...
Kind of MOOCs
Mechanical MOOC               Exercises & Content         QuizzesE-mail Lists   Study Groups
advancing formal and informal learning through the                                     worldwide sharing and use of free, ...
What is Open Education?• Ecosystem of different Open Initiatives:
Comparing                                        OPEN                     TRADITIONAL        COURSE          OPEN EDUCATIO...
Why Open Education Matters
advancing formal and informal learning through the              worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality     ...
Why OER?  Education            Buy One,               Paradox              The $5  is Sharing           Get One           ...
1. Education is Sharing
1. Education is Sharing• Teachers Share With Students• Students Share With Teachers• Knowledge is Magical:  – Can be given...
2. Buy One, Get One
Who Pays for Research?• Publishers make 2% of the investment, then  take © and charge you for access• Public (Who Paid) Ha...
3. The Paradox of Free Won’t people stop paying for thecourse materials or books if they’re              free?
Research from David Wiley• Over 2% of people who access open online  courses become paying customers• Downloads of free on...
4. The $5 Textbook
4. The $5 Textbook• Open Textbooks: FlatWorldKnowledge.com  – Pay $35 instead of $150 - $200 per book  – http://openconten...
5. Facilitate the Unexpected
http://openeducation.us/
Mechanical MOOC
6. Continuous Improvement Almost every industry (1) gathers and (2) uses data more effectively            than we do
What If You Could Know• Which students need the most help?• Specifically what those students need help  on?• The least eff...
OpennessGives us permission to makechanges and improvements
7. Content is Infrastructure
• To speed innovation, increase quality and  decrease cost of infrastructure• Content is Critical  – An important part of ...
8. Do the Right Thing
Consider Our Responsibility   What kind of ethical or moral    responsibility do we have?   Who are you accountable to?
Who we are
advancing formal and informal learning through the                           worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high...
Over 260 institutions andorganizations worldwide supportingopen sharing in education
• ~260 members• ~170 live OCW sites• ~20,000 courseshttp://www.ocwconsortium.org
25000                                  # of courses                                                                       ...
Why do Universities participate    in OpenCourseWare?
Why? Philosophical• Expanding access to education & knowledge• Building on others’ ideas• Creating possibilities for new e...
Why? Institutional benefits• Showcasing existing courses and educational  quality   transparency = respect & trust   goo...
Why? Institutional benefits• Strengthen teaching and learning outcomes  – Provide examples of excellence for faculty and  ...
Why? Outreach benefits• Bridge between secondary and higher  education  – Skill and knowledge courses available to prepare...
Why? Outreach benefits• Workforce development   – Updating skills   – Retraining sectors that are downsizing or     becomi...
Why? Innovation  • Current global higher ed system can’t reach    everyone who wants an education.  • Cost and access barr...
Some examples
Washington’s Open Course Library• A collection of openly licensed (CC-BY)  educational materials for 81 high-enrollment  c...
http://www.uopeople.org/groups/tuition-free-education
http://wikieducator.org/OER_university/Home
https://wiki.mozilla.org/Badges
300+ institutions and organizations worldwide  Brazil
Successful achievement on test allows learners to print a self declaration of learning
>1.5 million printed self declarations of learning from                           successful completion of open courses Th...
>1.5 million printed self declarations of learning from                           successful completion of open courses Th...
How can libraries lead?
Characteristics of a library• Materials repository• Archive• Evolving hub for knowledge• Houses different collections• Ser...
Characteristics of a library• Materials repository• Archive• Evolving hub for knowledge• Houses different collections• Ser...
.                                  http://www.flickr.com/photos/travelinlibrarian/223314057/How?Commitment to sharing know...
.How?Infrastructure expertise:    •Copyright    •Metadata    •Indexing    •Storage    •Search and discovery    •Creating a...
.How?Relationships:  •Libraries sit at the heart of universities –   have unbiased relationships with all   departments an...
.How?You already have theskills, expertise andcommitment to leadopen education atyour university                        ht...
advancing formal and informal learning through the                                                                        ...
advancing formal and informal learning through the                              worldwide sharing and use of free, open, h...
advancing formal and informal learning through the                                                                        ...
advancing formal and informal learning through the                                                           worldwide sha...
advancing formal and informal learning through the                                 worldwide sharing and use of free, open...
Open Education for Ticer Summerschool
Open Education for Ticer Summerschool
Open Education for Ticer Summerschool
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Open Education for Ticer Summerschool

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Presentation about Open Education and Libraries for the TICER Summerschool on August 24th 2012.

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Open Education for Ticer Summerschool

  1. 1. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses.Open Sharing, Global Benefits The OpenCourseWare Consortium www.ocwconsortium.org
  2. 2. Willem van Valkenburg Director TU Delft OpenCourseWare OCW.tudelft.nl Assistant to the President of the OpenCourseWare Consortium Projectleader EU-project OCW in the European HE context twitter.com/wfvanvalkenburg slideshare.net/wfvanvalkenburg
  3. 3. Opening education: What, Who, Why?(and how libraries can lead)
  4. 4. What is happening?
  5. 5. http://www.nytimes.com/2001/04/04/us/auditing-classes-at-mit-on-the-web-and-free.html
  6. 6. http://www.nytimes.com/2011/08/16/science/16stanford.html
  7. 7. http://www.nytimes.com/2012/03/19/world/europe/19iht-educlede19.html?_r=1
  8. 8. http://www.forbes.com/sites/petercohan/2012/05/06/will-edx-put-harvard-and-mit-out-of-business/
  9. 9. http://www.insidehighered.com/blogs/technology-and-learning/why-every-university-does-not-need-mooc
  10. 10. http://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2012/07/the-single-most-important-experiment-in-higher-education/259953/
  11. 11. What are all those abbreviations?
  12. 12. What is “Open”?• Free • Quality assurance• Shared • Varied availability by• Choices disciplines• Ability to adapt • Available to anybody• Cost effective • Digital• Ability to tailor & build • Often multimedia your own • Accessibility—more• Creative Commons accessible to some and• Freedom of info and use less to others CC-BY Brandon Muramatsu: http://www.slideshare.net/bmuramatsu/oex
  13. 13. OCW part of the Open Movement Open Content • OCW is only one type of Open Educational Open Resource (OER). Educational • OERs are only one type of Resources Open Content. • We have much to share OCW with each other.
  14. 14. What are Open Educational Resources?• Shared educational materials• Openly licensed for distribution, re-use and modification• Available to anyone via the internet (and often other means)
  15. 15. What is OpenCourseWare?• High quality educational materials organized as courses A course is package of educational materials starting a particular point in the knowledge spectrum, designed to lead to greater understanding of the issue or topic• Openly licensed for distribution, re-use and modification, available to all on the internet
  16. 16. What is a MOOC• Massive• Open• Online• Course Image CC-BY-NC Gordon Lockhart: http://gbl55.wordpress.com/2011/03/08/cck11-man-this-mooc-is-something-else/
  17. 17. Massive• Stanford University – Artificial Intelligence course – 160,000 students• MIT – Circuits and Electronics course – 120,000 students• Indiana – Instructional Ideas and Technology Tools for Online Success – 4,000 students
  18. 18. Open• Everybody can participate• But more important, there are many ways to participate: – ‘open’ means being able to watch – ‘open’ means being able to participate at your own level – ‘open’ means participating publicly, so other can watch Source: http://www.slideshare.net/Downes/education-as-platform Image CC-BY-NC-SA: http://www.flickr.com/photos/marcwathieu/2412755417/
  19. 19. Online• Means that it is connective, interactive• You can’t put a MOOC on a DVD• The MOOC is the process• It is a process that is greatly aided by being online: – Many tasks are automated, scaffolded – Much greater communicative capacity – More access to data, calculations Source: http://www.slideshare.net/Downes/education-as-platform Image CC-BY-NC-SA: http://www.flickr.com/photos/gforsythe/5552385806/
  20. 20. Kind of MOOCs
  21. 21. Mechanical MOOC Exercises & Content QuizzesE-mail Lists Study Groups
  22. 22. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses.What are OpenCourseWare projects?• Institutions that have committed to sharing some of their educational materials with the world• Can be text only – reproduction of materials used for classroom lectures• Can include video, recordings, materials developed especially for internet learning• Can be translations of courses already on OCW sites• Can be remixes of materials from various courses and local contexts
  23. 23. What is Open Education?• Ecosystem of different Open Initiatives:
  24. 24. Comparing OPEN TRADITIONAL COURSE OPEN EDUCATION ONLINE EDUCATION WAREACCESS Tuition fee Open Open Tuition feeSTUDENT Yes, mostly No Yes, online learning Yes, online learningINTERACTION offline platform & social platform & social media mediaINTERACTION Yes No Yes, online learning Yes, online learning platform & social platform & socialWITH media mediaLECTURERSEXAMS Yes Yes, but Yes, online Yes, online and on self testing campusCERTIFICATES Yes, No Yes, non accredited Yes, accredited accreditedDIPLOMA Yes, No No Yes, accredited accreditedTranslated from http://www.e-learn.nl/2012/07/06/onderwijs-in-de-online-wereld
  25. 25. Why Open Education Matters
  26. 26. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses.What is behind this?
  27. 27. Why OER? Education Buy One, Paradox The $5 is Sharing Get One of Free Textbooktechnical argument political argument financial argument financial argumentFacilitate the Continuous Content is Do the RightUnexpected Improvement Infrastructure Thing serendipity quality argument innovation argument moral argument argumentCC BY David Wiley:http://www.slideshare.net/opencontent/openness-arguments-and-examples
  28. 28. 1. Education is Sharing
  29. 29. 1. Education is Sharing• Teachers Share With Students• Students Share With Teachers• Knowledge is Magical: – Can be given without being given away• Educational Sharing also means adapting or editing – but copyright forbids this
  30. 30. 2. Buy One, Get One
  31. 31. Who Pays for Research?• Publishers make 2% of the investment, then take © and charge you for access• Public (Who Paid) Has No AccessAll taxpayer-funded educational resourcesshould be OER
  32. 32. 3. The Paradox of Free Won’t people stop paying for thecourse materials or books if they’re free?
  33. 33. Research from David Wiley• Over 2% of people who access open online courses become paying customers• Downloads of free online books correlate strongly with sales of print books• A for-profit business can be financially successful using CC licenses on its textbooks Source: davidwiley.org
  34. 34. 4. The $5 Textbook
  35. 35. 4. The $5 Textbook• Open Textbooks: FlatWorldKnowledge.com – Pay $35 instead of $150 - $200 per book – http://opencontent.org/calculator
  36. 36. 5. Facilitate the Unexpected
  37. 37. http://openeducation.us/
  38. 38. Mechanical MOOC
  39. 39. 6. Continuous Improvement Almost every industry (1) gathers and (2) uses data more effectively than we do
  40. 40. What If You Could Know• Which students need the most help?• Specifically what those students need help on?• The least effective parts of you curriculum?• Which parts of your tests are malfunctioning?Knowing what needs fixed, when you don’thave permission to fix it
  41. 41. OpennessGives us permission to makechanges and improvements
  42. 42. 7. Content is Infrastructure
  43. 43. • To speed innovation, increase quality and decrease cost of infrastructure• Content is Critical – An important part of every educational institution’s infrastructure• Examples – Openstudy.com – University of the People: tuition-free online university – OER University – Mozilla Badges
  44. 44. 8. Do the Right Thing
  45. 45. Consider Our Responsibility What kind of ethical or moral responsibility do we have? Who are you accountable to?
  46. 46. Who we are
  47. 47. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses. Our missionto advance formal and informal learningthrough the worldwide sharing and use offree, open, high-quality education materialsorganized as courses.
  48. 48. Over 260 institutions andorganizations worldwide supportingopen sharing in education
  49. 49. • ~260 members• ~170 live OCW sites• ~20,000 courseshttp://www.ocwconsortium.org
  50. 50. 25000 # of courses 21,05620000 18,135 16,574 15,885 16,12315000 10,55010000 7,591 6,0235000 4,634 3,845 3,188 1,747 995 1,306 511 550 760 0
  51. 51. Why do Universities participate in OpenCourseWare?
  52. 52. Why? Philosophical• Expanding access to education & knowledge• Building on others’ ideas• Creating possibilities for new educational systems• Maximizing educational euros
  53. 53. Why? Institutional benefits• Showcasing existing courses and educational quality  transparency = respect & trust  good public relations
  54. 54. Why? Institutional benefits• Strengthen teaching and learning outcomes – Provide examples of excellence for faculty and students – Professional development – Supports student learning – Can lead to partnerships, collaborations, recognition
  55. 55. Why? Outreach benefits• Bridge between secondary and higher education – Skill and knowledge courses available to prepare students for higher education – Assist disadvantaged learners and those returning to education – Insure good fit between student and institution
  56. 56. Why? Outreach benefits• Workforce development – Updating skills – Retraining sectors that are downsizing or becoming dated – Pathways to short courses or certificatesUS Department of Labor $2,000,000,000 TAA grant specifically to supportcreation of job retraining OER
  57. 57. Why? Innovation • Current global higher ed system can’t reach everyone who wants an education. • Cost and access barriers to current system. • Systems don’t serve everyone equally well. UNESCOs world conference on Higher Education projects that post- secondary education will need to provide places for an additional 98 million learners over the next 15 years. Stated differently, this would require "require more than four major universities (30,000 students) to open every week for the next fifteen years". (Daniel 2011.)
  58. 58. Some examples
  59. 59. Washington’s Open Course Library• A collection of openly licensed (CC-BY) educational materials for 81 high-enrollment college courses Project Goals: – Lower textbook costs for students – Improve course completion rates – Provide new resources for faculty Credit: Tom Caswell, CC BY – Please visit: http://opencourselibrary.org Credit: Timothy Valentine & Leo Reynolds CC-BY-NC-SA
  60. 60. http://www.uopeople.org/groups/tuition-free-education
  61. 61. http://wikieducator.org/OER_university/Home
  62. 62. https://wiki.mozilla.org/Badges
  63. 63. 300+ institutions and organizations worldwide Brazil
  64. 64. Successful achievement on test allows learners to print a self declaration of learning
  65. 65. >1.5 million printed self declarations of learning from successful completion of open courses Through open courses they are reaching a population they don’t normally serve >40% have no education or training beyond secondary school Income range % Gender %>8.500 enrollments in formal courses 77% up to US$ 1250,00
  66. 66. >1.5 million printed self declarations of learning from successful completion of open courses Through open courses they are reaching a population they don’t normally serve >40% have no education or training beyond secondary school Income range % Gender %>8.500 enrollments in formal courses 77% up to US$ 1250,00
  67. 67. How can libraries lead?
  68. 68. Characteristics of a library• Materials repository• Archive• Evolving hub for knowledge• Houses different collections• Serves a variety of users• Users can select what is relevant to them, modify for their use and can contribute to the body of knowledge and materials• Supports educational pursuits• Community center for idea exchange• Public good
  69. 69. Characteristics of a library• Materials repository• Archive• Evolving hub for knowledge• Houses different collections• Serves a variety of users• Users can select what is relevant to them, modify for their use and can contribute to the body of knowledge and materials• Supports educational pursuits• Community center for idea exchange• Public goodThese also describe Open Educational Resources
  70. 70. . http://www.flickr.com/photos/travelinlibrarian/223314057/How?Commitment to sharing knowledge andimproving access to educationExpertise and experience to advance learningin the digital age
  71. 71. .How?Infrastructure expertise: •Copyright •Metadata •Indexing •Storage •Search and discovery •Creating and maintaining repositories •Sharing resources among disbursed repositories
  72. 72. .How?Relationships: •Libraries sit at the heart of universities – have unbiased relationships with all departments and units •Librarians are trusted partners in academics •Already doing outreach with faculty, staff, students on available resources
  73. 73. .How?You already have theskills, expertise andcommitment to leadopen education atyour university http://www.flickr.com/photos/wfryer/2516648940/
  74. 74. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses. Resources: www.ocwconsortium.org/communities/toolkit Reaching the Heart of the University: Libraries and the Future of OER Pieter Keymeer, Molly Kleinman, Ted Hanss (U Michigan) http://hdl.handle.net/2027.42/78006 “Open” by Loop_ohhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/loop_oh/4493818473/sizes/m/in/ph otostream/
  75. 75. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses.Open Sharing, Global Benefits The OpenCourseWare Consortium www.ocwconsortium.org
  76. 76. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses. Photo credits: Share http://www.flickr.com/photos/opensourceway/4424154829/in/photostream/ IMG_4591 http://www.flickr.com/photos/bionicteaching/4700979984/ cc-by-sa La belle tzigane http://www.flickr.com/photos/joyoflife/21063837 cc-by-saKaren and Sharon http://www.flickr.com/photos/brookebocast/209420446/cc-by-nc-saLearn http://www.flickr.com/photos/heycoach/1197947341/ cc-by-nc-saDiscussion http://www.flickr.com/photos/djof/294059951/cc-by-nc-sa Asian Library Interior 5 http://www.flickr.com/photos/ubclibrary/453351638/ cc-by-nc-sa Petru http://www.flickr.com/photos/joyoflife/23724427/ cc-by-nc-sa Opensourceways http://www.flickr.com/photos/opensourceway/4371000710/ cc-by-sa
  77. 77. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses.Activities of the OpenCourseWare Consortium are generously supported by:The William and Flora Hewlett FoundationSustaining Members of the OCW Consortium: The African Virtual University China Open Resources for Education Delft University of Technology Fundação Getulio Vargas Japan OpenCourseWare Consortium Johns Hopkins Bloomburg School of Public Health Korea OpenCourseWare Consortium Massachusetts Institute of Technology Netease Information Technology Co. Open Universiteit Tecnológico de Monterrey Tufts University Universia Universidad Politécnica de Madrid University of California, Irvine University of Michigan University of the Western CapeAnd contributions of member organizations
  78. 78. advancing formal and informal learning through the worldwide sharing and use of free, open, high-quality education materials organized as courses. www.ocwconsortium.org ocw.tudelft.nlTwitter.com/wfvanvalkenburgSlideshare.net/wfvanvalkenburgE-learn.nl

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