Vietnam Longest War in U.S. History <ul><li>After WWII, France reclaimed, and took control of, its colonies in S.E. Asia  ...
Communist Party of Vietnam Ho Chi Minh’s Party Platform <ul><li>To overthrow French imperialism (later U.S.) </li></ul><ul...
1950’s: Einsenhower Years French Indo-China War <ul><li>Funded by U. S. </li></ul><ul><li>France lost war & </li></ul><ul>...
The Domino Effect <ul><li>If one country in S.E. Asia falls to communism, they all could fall. </li></ul><ul><li>U.S worri...
 
1960-1963: JFK Years <ul><li>Military Advisors in So. Vietnam increase to 16,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Green Berets establishe...
<ul><li>Corrupt and losing support </li></ul><ul><li>Catholic Leader in Buddhist country </li></ul><ul><li>1963:  </li></u...
 
1964-1968: LBJ Years Johnson Promises Peace in Vietnam While Preparing for War 1964 -  Gulf of Tonkin Resolution <ul><li>R...
Increasing Troop Involvement THE DRAFT! Number of Troops in Vietnam: 1965: 25,000   184,000 1966: 385,000 1967: 485,000 1...
 
 
Tet Offensive: <ul><li>Major unexpected, offensive attack by North Vietnam during their holiday period (Tet New Year). </l...
Pulitzer Prize Winning Photo by AP Photographer Eddie Adams (also film footage) Taken during the Tet Offensive…  Became a ...
My Lai Massacre: U.S. Troops Slaughter Over 300 Villagers. Showed Dark Side of Conflict. Frustration with “Insurgents”. An...
<ul><li>Advantages of North Vietnam: </li></ul><ul><li>Fighting for Independence </li></ul><ul><li>Home country; knew the ...
Anti-War Demonstrations 1965 - 15% Favored Withdrawal 1969 - 69% Considered War “A Mistake” 1970 - Majority of Americans S...
1968-1974:  Nixon Years <ul><li>VIETNAMIZATION: </li></ul><ul><li>Slowly removing U.S. Troops </li></ul><ul><li>(in an att...
1973:  U.S. Ceasefire… … but Civil War continues as the frenzy to “get out” starts 1975:  Last Man Out  and the Fall of Sa...
Pentagon Papers <ul><li>Government study of U.S. involvement in S.E. Asia by Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara in 1967 ...
1971: Pentagon Papers leaked to NY Times Increased public distrust in the government… You mean the government lies? Increa...
 
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Vietnam

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This is not meant to be shown to a class all at once...it is long and covers a lot. It should be shown in pieces when you teach the Vietnam War

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Vietnam

  1. 1. Vietnam Longest War in U.S. History <ul><li>After WWII, France reclaimed, and took control of, its colonies in S.E. Asia (including Vietnam) </li></ul><ul><li>Vietnam wanted to be an independent country </li></ul><ul><li>(not a French colony) </li></ul><ul><li>A nationalist leader named Ho Chi Minh led Independence Movement </li></ul>Background:
  2. 2. Communist Party of Vietnam Ho Chi Minh’s Party Platform <ul><li>To overthrow French imperialism (later U.S.) </li></ul><ul><li>To make Indochina completely independent. </li></ul><ul><li>To establish a worker-peasant and soldier government. </li></ul><ul><li>To confiscate the banks and other enterprises belonging to the imperialists and put them in control of the worker-peasant government. </li></ul><ul><li>To confiscate all the plantations and property belonging to the imperialists and Vietnamese reactionary capitalist class & distribute them to poor peasants. </li></ul><ul><li>To implement the eight hour work day. </li></ul><ul><li>7. To abolish public loans and poll tax. To waive unjust taxes hitting poor people. </li></ul><ul><li>To bring back freedom to the masses. </li></ul><ul><li>To carry out universal education. </li></ul><ul><li>To implement equality between men and women. </li></ul>
  3. 3. 1950’s: Einsenhower Years French Indo-China War <ul><li>Funded by U. S. </li></ul><ul><li>France lost war & </li></ul><ul><li>withdrew in 1954 </li></ul><ul><li>Results = Divided Country </li></ul><ul><li>North = Controlled by Ho Chi Minh (still wants independence & unification) </li></ul><ul><li>South = Controlled by U.S. installed: Ngo Dinh Diem </li></ul><ul><li>Einsenhower sent Military </li></ul><ul><li>Advisors </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Domino Effect <ul><li>If one country in S.E. Asia falls to communism, they all could fall. </li></ul><ul><li>U.S worried Ho Chi Minh was a communist sympathizer. </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. worried about Chinese communist influences. </li></ul>In the 1950s Americans trusted the government to take care of foreign policy.
  5. 6. 1960-1963: JFK Years <ul><li>Military Advisors in So. Vietnam increase to 16,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Green Berets established and sent over </li></ul><ul><li>Special Forces in counterinsurgency </li></ul><ul><li>Special Operations started in Vietnam </li></ul>Leader of So. Vietnam, Ngo Dinh Diem, was unpopular = instability
  6. 7. <ul><li>Corrupt and losing support </li></ul><ul><li>Catholic Leader in Buddhist country </li></ul><ul><li>1963: </li></ul><ul><li>JFK realizes Diem needed to </li></ul><ul><li>be removed or replaced </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. supported overthrow of Diem </li></ul><ul><li>which resulted in his assassination </li></ul><ul><li>So. Vietnam becomes extremely </li></ul><ul><li>unstable…unglued if you will </li></ul><ul><li>Three weeks later…JFK is </li></ul><ul><li>assassinated </li></ul>Buddhist Monks lead protest against Diem by publicly lighting themselves on fire…these are some of the first images Americans see from Vietnam Ngo Dinh Diem:
  7. 9. 1964-1968: LBJ Years Johnson Promises Peace in Vietnam While Preparing for War 1964 - Gulf of Tonkin Resolution <ul><li>Resolution passed by Congress after “incident” in Gulf of Tonkin based on faulty reports that U.S. ships were attacked </li></ul><ul><li>It stated: “take all necessary measures to repel any armed attack against the forces of U.S. and prevent further aggression” </li></ul><ul><li>It was a blank check to take action. </li></ul>President Lyndon Johnson
  8. 10. Increasing Troop Involvement THE DRAFT! Number of Troops in Vietnam: 1965: 25,000  184,000 1966: 385,000 1967: 485,000 1968: 543,000 Anti-War Protests Escalated Too! LBJ:
  9. 13. Tet Offensive: <ul><li>Major unexpected, offensive attack by North Vietnam during their holiday period (Tet New Year). </li></ul><ul><li>Demonstrated the North was not close to surrender, and theWar was not close to over, as many kept promising. </li></ul>1968: Election Year and Turning Point for Vietnam
  10. 14. Pulitzer Prize Winning Photo by AP Photographer Eddie Adams (also film footage) Taken during the Tet Offensive… Became a symbol of the War’s brutality, and also a reason to control and censor the media!
  11. 15. My Lai Massacre: U.S. Troops Slaughter Over 300 Villagers. Showed Dark Side of Conflict. Frustration with “Insurgents”. Anyone a Potential Enemy (Civilians Killed).
  12. 16. <ul><li>Advantages of North Vietnam: </li></ul><ul><li>Fighting for Independence </li></ul><ul><li>Home country; knew the lay </li></ul><ul><li>of the land, geography, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Used guerrilla war tactics; </li></ul><ul><li>hide and seek, ambush, </li></ul><ul><li>booby trap </li></ul><ul><li>Hatred for imperialists </li></ul>Does any of this sound familiar?
  13. 17. Anti-War Demonstrations 1965 - 15% Favored Withdrawal 1969 - 69% Considered War “A Mistake” 1970 - Majority of Americans Supported Withdrawal
  14. 18. 1968-1974: Nixon Years <ul><li>VIETNAMIZATION: </li></ul><ul><li>Slowly removing U.S. Troops </li></ul><ul><li>(in an attempt to hand the war back over to So. Vietnam) </li></ul><ul><li>Drafts & Tours Continued </li></ul><ul><li>1970s: Bombing </li></ul><ul><li>Cambodia &Laos </li></ul><ul><li>Air Campaign: destroy supply routes & camps </li></ul><ul><li>Secret at first (illegal) </li></ul><ul><li>Public knowledge by 1972 </li></ul><ul><li>Fuels Anti-War Movement </li></ul>
  15. 19. 1973: U.S. Ceasefire… … but Civil War continues as the frenzy to “get out” starts 1975: Last Man Out and the Fall of Saigon 1974: Nixon resigns over Watergate Scandal
  16. 20. Pentagon Papers <ul><li>Government study of U.S. involvement in S.E. Asia by Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara in 1967 </li></ul><ul><li>Top Secret / 47-Volume / covered timeframe of Vietnam fromWWII-1968 </li></ul><ul><li>Exposed miscalculations, arrogance & deceptions </li></ul>
  17. 21. 1971: Pentagon Papers leaked to NY Times Increased public distrust in the government… You mean the government lies? Increased Anti-War Protests & Attitudes.

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