1 C C 2 M S 3 C C W $ C C C E N TY H R L C T G C G T C C C C F C C L C R Q C F EMU ATHL 263 Theory of Football Terms & Definitions
Defining the Field 40 50 40 20 30 40 50 40 Deep Zones may be collapsed without vertical stretching by routes. Deep as Hole Seam Seam Holethe Field Under Zones may be stretched by receiver action. 12 Flat Curl Hook Hook Curl Flat 30 20 10 Yards ~9 yds ~9 yds Line of Scrimmage 10 53 1/3 Yard - 160 ft
Vertical Field Position (VFP) S C O R E Safe Cautious Open Field Red Zone End Zone Area 35 – 30 yd 30 – 5 yd Zone to 15 yd 15 – 35 yd 5 yd In Offensive Direction • Safe Zone – Secure Runs/Quick Passes • Red Zone – One First Down – Safe Punt – 4 Down Territory – Kick line? • Cautious Area – Field Increasingly – Favorite Plays Wider than it is Deep – Take a Shot • End Zone • Open Field – No Deep Area – Precise Throws – Total Offense – Must Physically Win the L.O.S. – Down & Distance – Higher % of Blitz & Man Coverage
Horizontal Field Position (Hash/MOF) Ball in the Middle of the Field = 40 More Offense! 40 X Z L R Hash Distance from the sideline: High School ~ 16 3 0 30 X yards L College ~ 19 yards Pro ~ 22 yards 9 Yards to 20 20the bottom Z of the #’s R
Scoring Points Do you know them all? Touchdown – 6 pts. Field Goal – 3 pts. Point after TD Kick - 1 pt. Two Point Conversion – 2 pts. That’s All??? Fair Catch Kick – 3 pts.
Offensive Backs Quarterback – The Guy who takes the Snap! Halfback – Split Back Formations Fullback I Formation – Physical Blocker/Pass Catcher Veer Offense – Dive Back/Primary Ball Carrier Wing T Offense – Primary Ball Carrier Tailback I Formation – Primary Ball Carrier/Pass Catcher Wingback/Slot Back Veer Offense – Pitch Back/Receiver Wing T Offense – Ball Carriers/Blockers/Receivers
Backfield SetsI Formation Split Backs Q Q F LHB RHB T Slots Gun L Q R F Q T
Shift vs. Motion What’s a Shift? A shift is when a player moves from one set position to another set position and comes to a complete stop for at least one second before the snap of the ball, What’s a Motion? A motion is when a player moves parallel to, or away from, the line of scrimmage – staying in motion until the snap of the ball. RULES: All players must be set for at least one second before every play… Only players in the backfield may motion.
Offensive Line Left Left Center Right Right Tackle Guard Guard Tackle 3½ 3 Feet 3 Feet 3½ Feet Feet Line Splits
O/S Receiver Route Tree - QuicksRoute Steps/TechniqueName Fade 3 Steps – Gather Cut ChairHitch on Outside Foot Slant Come back to the ball! 3 Steps – Speed Cut on Outside FootSlant Get eyes and hands Hitch around on the cut Bend 3 Steps – Roll cut toBend the outside on 3rd step 3+2 – Bend route,Chair two steps and wheel 3 Steps – Widen asFade you go deep!
O/S Route Tree – Deep RoutesRoute Steps/TechniqueName Post 7 Step Inside Stem OutCurl Gather cut on Outside Foot Come back to the ball! Dig 6 Step – Gather cut on InsideOut Foot Come downhill to the ball. Curl 7 Step – Speed cut on Outside Seam ReadPost Foot – Get eyes & Hands around on cut 7+2 – Post route, Speed cut onDig 2nd step of post – Stay flat across the field Inside stem to hash, Decision atSeam 12 yards Hash presence – Broken ArrowRead No hash presence – Stay Vertical
I/S Receiver – Route Tree Post Seam Flag Wheel Dig/ Seam Read Out Drag Curl Bubble Drive FlatRoute Route Steps/Technique Steps/TechniqueName Name Vertical stem to hash. Hash presence – Broken Arrow Flat 3 Steps - Roll cut to the outside on 3rd step Seam Read No hash presence – Stay Vertical 3+2 steps - Bend route & run fade 7 Steps - Speed cut on Outside FootWheel 5 yds from sideline Post Expect ball immediately on cut 7 Step Stem - Gather cut on Outside Foot 6 Steps - Speed cut on Inside Foot Curl Come back to the ball! Flag 45 deg angle to sideline Drop step 45 deg with outside foot 6 Steps - Gather cut on Inside FootBubble Snap eyes around & run parallel to the LOS for 4 steps Out Come downhill to the ball.Drive 4 yard Shallow Cross - Aim for toes of ILB’s Drag 8-10 yard Shallow Cross - Work to get behind LB’s
Option Route Inside Receiver Outside Receiver Should be run between the Hook defender and the Curl defender in all 3 Shell coverages. Run against the Curl defender in all 2 Shell coverages Receiver must identify curl dropper on the fly. Great option routes are run with feel, not with speed
Personnel Groups - Examples Name Backs Tight Ends Receivers QB/OL10 Personnel 1 0 4 611 Personnel 1 1 3 612 Personnel 1 2 2 621 Personnel 2 1 2 622 Personnel 2 2 1 632 Personnel 3 2 0 6 Some teams name personnel groups…Ask me why!
Two Back Personnel Groups23 Personnel 21 Personnel H Y X Y R Z Which WR goes in F the game first? F 1 st WR ZR T 2nd WR XR T 3 rd WR JR 4th WR KR22 Personnel 5 th WR ER 20 Personnel H Y X Z Z J Ask Me About F 2x2 Sets! F T T All Personnel Groups are shown in Right Formation
One Back Personnel Groups13 Personnel 11 Personnel H Y X Y R Z J Z Which WR goes in the game first? T 1 st WR 2nd WR ZR XR T 3 rd WR JR 4th WR KR12 Personnel 5 th WR ER 10 Personnel H Y X ZX Z J K Ask Me About 3x1 Sets! T T All Personnel Groups are shown in Right Formation
Three Back Personnel Groups 31 Personnel Get the right people on Z Y the field, then get them to line up correctly. Which WR goes in B F Must be in the game first? Rip/Liz in 1 st WR ZR T 31 Personnel 2nd WR XR 3 rd WR JR32 Personnel 4th WR th WR KR 30 Personnel 5 ER H Y X Z B F B F T T All Personnel Groups are shown in Right Formation
No Back Personnel Groups03 Personnel 01 Personnel H Y X YX R Z J K Z Which WR goes in the game first? 1 st WR ZR 2nd WR XR 3 rd WR JR02 Personnel 4th WR KR 00 Personnel 5 th WR ER H Y X ZX J Z J E K All Personnel Groups are shown in Right Formation
Defensive Line Play with their hand on the ground Stop the run Rush the Passer Will drop into coverage in some advanced defenses
Defining Gaps & TechniquesGaps D C B A A B C D 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 S 0 S 123 4 5 6 7 8 9 Techniques Over the Over the Over the Over the Center Guard Tackle Tight End Zero On One I/S Eye Four I/S Eye Seven I/S Eye Tech Center Tech of OG Tech of OT Tech of TE Shoulder Two Five Eight Zero On OG On OT On TE Tech Tech TechShade of Center Three O/S Eye O/S Eye Six Nine O/S Eye Tech of OG Tech of OT Tech of TE
Linebackers Inside Linebackers Physical to take on Offensive Linemen Run Stoppers Defend TE’s & Crossing Routes Outside Linebackers Versatile Play over a TE Defend Slot Receivers
Defensive Backs Corners Defend Receivers on the Perimeter Support Versus the Run Safeties Defend the Middle of the Field Support Versus the Run Nickle/Dime Backs 5th or 6th Defensive Back
Pre-SnapRun Run Run MovementPass Pass Angle Secondary Secondary Primary E N T $ Primary Curl/ C W Cutback M S Flat H Force Scrape Cutback Alley “2 Eye” 1/3 Job Saver Job Saver 1/3 Curl/ Hook/ Alley Hook/ Flat Curl Curl R F 1/3 Strong Angle Roll P/S “Rip”