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Garden Soils

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Garden Soils

  1. 1. GARDENING <ul><li>BILL TAYLOR </li></ul><ul><li>WESTON COUNTY EXTENSION OFFICE </li></ul><ul><li>UNIVERSITY OF WYOMING </li></ul>The University of Wyoming, United States Department of Agriculture, and Weston County Office cooperate.
  2. 2. HORTICULTURE <ul><li>THE CULTURE OF THE GARDEN. </li></ul><ul><li>Vegetable gardens </li></ul><ul><li>Flower gardens </li></ul><ul><li>Fruit trees </li></ul><ul><li>Shade & ornamental trees & shrubs </li></ul><ul><li>Lawns </li></ul>
  3. 3. Collection of living and inanimate materials on the earth’s surface that supports plant life.
  4. 4. SOIL COMPONENTS <ul><li>MINERAL - 45% </li></ul><ul><li>ORGANIC MATTER - 5% </li></ul><ul><li>PORE SPACE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Water - 25% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Air space - 25% </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. MINERAL PARTICLES <ul><li>BY SIZE: </li></ul><ul><li>Sand - gritty, loose, H 2 O runs through </li></ul><ul><li>Silt - smooth, good growth, H 2 O medium hold </li></ul><ul><li>Clay - sticky, hard, holds H 2 O tightly </li></ul><ul><li>Loam - best mixture for growth </li></ul><ul><ul><li>40% sand & silt, 20% clay </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. ORGANIC MATTER <ul><li>OM FIRST, OM IN THE MIDDLE, OM LAST </li></ul><ul><li>ADDS NUTRIENTS </li></ul><ul><li>HOLDS WATER </li></ul><ul><li>LOOSENS HARD SOILS </li></ul><ul><li>BINDS IN CLUMPS </li></ul><ul><li>BEST SOURCE - Compost </li></ul>
  7. 7. SOIL STRUCTURE: A-prismatic; B-columnar; C-angular blocky; D-subangular blocky; E-platy; F-granular
  8. 14. Boot Camp Soil Tests <ul><li>SAMPLE 1 – NORTH SIDE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Texture: Sandy Clay Loam </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organic Matter: 2.0% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lime: Low </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>pH: 8.0 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Salt: 0.7 dS/m </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RECOMMENDATION: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3.0 lb./1000 sq. ft. of Nitrogen (N) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 15. Boot Camp Soil Tests (cont.) <ul><li>SAMPLE 2 – SOUTH SIDE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Texture: Sandy Clay </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organic Matter: 1.8% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lime: None </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>pH: 7.6 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Salt: 0.6 dS/m </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RECOMMENDATION </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3.1 lb./1000 sq. ft. of N </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2.9 lb./1000 sq. ft. of phosphorus (P) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3.5 oz./1000 sq. ft. of zinc (Zn) </li></ul></ul></ul>

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