Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Garden Soils


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Garden Soils

  1. 1. GARDENING <ul><li>BILL TAYLOR </li></ul><ul><li>WESTON COUNTY EXTENSION OFFICE </li></ul><ul><li>UNIVERSITY OF WYOMING </li></ul>The University of Wyoming, United States Department of Agriculture, and Weston County Office cooperate.
  2. 2. HORTICULTURE <ul><li>THE CULTURE OF THE GARDEN. </li></ul><ul><li>Vegetable gardens </li></ul><ul><li>Flower gardens </li></ul><ul><li>Fruit trees </li></ul><ul><li>Shade & ornamental trees & shrubs </li></ul><ul><li>Lawns </li></ul>
  3. 3. Collection of living and inanimate materials on the earth’s surface that supports plant life.
  4. 4. SOIL COMPONENTS <ul><li>MINERAL - 45% </li></ul><ul><li>ORGANIC MATTER - 5% </li></ul><ul><li>PORE SPACE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Water - 25% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Air space - 25% </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. MINERAL PARTICLES <ul><li>BY SIZE: </li></ul><ul><li>Sand - gritty, loose, H 2 O runs through </li></ul><ul><li>Silt - smooth, good growth, H 2 O medium hold </li></ul><ul><li>Clay - sticky, hard, holds H 2 O tightly </li></ul><ul><li>Loam - best mixture for growth </li></ul><ul><ul><li>40% sand & silt, 20% clay </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. ORGANIC MATTER <ul><li>OM FIRST, OM IN THE MIDDLE, OM LAST </li></ul><ul><li>ADDS NUTRIENTS </li></ul><ul><li>HOLDS WATER </li></ul><ul><li>LOOSENS HARD SOILS </li></ul><ul><li>BINDS IN CLUMPS </li></ul><ul><li>BEST SOURCE - Compost </li></ul>
  7. 7. SOIL STRUCTURE: A-prismatic; B-columnar; C-angular blocky; D-subangular blocky; E-platy; F-granular
  8. 14. Boot Camp Soil Tests <ul><li>SAMPLE 1 – NORTH SIDE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Texture: Sandy Clay Loam </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organic Matter: 2.0% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lime: Low </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>pH: 8.0 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Salt: 0.7 dS/m </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RECOMMENDATION: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3.0 lb./1000 sq. ft. of Nitrogen (N) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 15. Boot Camp Soil Tests (cont.) <ul><li>SAMPLE 2 – SOUTH SIDE </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Texture: Sandy Clay </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organic Matter: 1.8% </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lime: None </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>pH: 7.6 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Salt: 0.6 dS/m </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RECOMMENDATION </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3.1 lb./1000 sq. ft. of N </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2.9 lb./1000 sq. ft. of phosphorus (P) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3.5 oz./1000 sq. ft. of zinc (Zn) </li></ul></ul></ul>