Homelessness To be in a state of having no consistent residence
Definition of Homeless <ul><li>The government definition of homeless is:  </li></ul><ul><li>- A person that has no residen...
Structural Factors and Reasons for Homelessness <ul><li>Structural Problems </li></ul><ul><li>Changes in housing market </...
Factors Influencing Homelessness Nature of national and local job opportunities for low skilled workers; unemployment <ul>...
Health Care and Homelessness <ul><li>For struggling families a serious illness or disability can start a downward spiral i...
Other Factors Related to the Homeless <ul><li>Mental Illness </li></ul><ul><li>- Approximately 22% of the single adult hom...
Affordability of Housing <ul><li>Between 1970 and 1995, the gap between the number of low-income renters and the amount of...
National Homelessness <ul><li>3.5 million people, 1.35 million of them children, are likely to experience homelessness in ...
Homeless Shelters <ul><li>37% of requests are unmet due to lack of resources. </li></ul><ul><li>- Up 13% 2001-2002 </li></...
Children and Homelessness <ul><li>Of the children and youth identified as homeless by State Departments of Education in 20...
The Hidden Homeless <ul><li>- The Hidden Homeless are people that are homeless but live in places that make it impossible ...
Homeless Demographics <ul><li>Age </li></ul><ul><li>- Youth under 18 make up 39% of the urban homeless population </li></u...
Homeless Demographics <ul><li>Gender </li></ul><ul><li>- Single homeless adults are more likely to be male then female </l...
Homeless Demographics <ul><li>Ethnicity </li></ul><ul><li>- In its 2001 survey of 27 cities, the U.S. Conference of Mayor ...
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General Outline Of Homelessness

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General Outline Of Homelessness

  1. 1. Homelessness To be in a state of having no consistent residence
  2. 2. Definition of Homeless <ul><li>The government definition of homeless is: </li></ul><ul><li>- A person that has no residence. </li></ul><ul><li>However several writers have sought fit to divide this broad group of people characterized as homeless into 3 different groups </li></ul><ul><li>1) People without a place </li></ul><ul><li>2) People in constant poverty forced to move constantly and are homeless for brief periods of time. </li></ul><ul><li>3) People who have lost their housing due to sudden circumstances </li></ul>
  3. 3. Structural Factors and Reasons for Homelessness <ul><li>Structural Problems </li></ul><ul><li>Changes in housing market </li></ul><ul><li>Change in employment opportunities for people with a high school diploma or less </li></ul><ul><li>Minimum wage </li></ul><ul><li>Birth rate in low income families </li></ul><ul><li>Policies for state run mental institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Unemployment Levels </li></ul><ul><li>Personal Problems </li></ul><ul><li>- Adult and Childhood victimization </li></ul><ul><li>- Mental Illness </li></ul><ul><li>- alcohol/drug abuse </li></ul><ul><li>- Low level of education </li></ul><ul><li>- Poor or no work history </li></ul><ul><li>- Too early childbearing </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>Both Structural and Personal factors play a role in producing the homeless
  4. 4. Factors Influencing Homelessness Nature of national and local job opportunities for low skilled workers; unemployment <ul><li>Social Policy: </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>People with disabilities </li></ul>Income <ul><li>Household resources: </li></ul><ul><li># of potential resources </li></ul><ul><li>Education/skills/work exp. </li></ul><ul><li>Social support networks </li></ul><ul><li>Owner/renter </li></ul><ul><li>Savings, financial resources </li></ul><ul><li>Disabilities, vulnerabilities </li></ul>Availability and cost of housing Fiscal and monetary policy Interest Rates Tax Policy Housing Market Government policy specifically for low-cost housing
  5. 5. Health Care and Homelessness <ul><li>For struggling families a serious illness or disability can start a downward spiral into homelessness </li></ul><ul><li>- In 2000, approximately 38.7 million Americans had no health care insurance (U.S. Bureau of the Census, 1998) </li></ul><ul><li>- Nearly a third of persons living in poverty had no health insurance of any kind. The coverage held by many others would not carry them through a catastrophic illness. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Other Factors Related to the Homeless <ul><li>Mental Illness </li></ul><ul><li>- Approximately 22% of the single adult homeless population suffers from some form of severe and persistent mental illness (U.S. Conference of Mayors, 2001). </li></ul><ul><li>Domestic Violence </li></ul><ul><li>-34% of cities surveyed by the U.S. Conference of Mayors identified domestic violence as a primary cause of homelessness </li></ul><ul><li>Addiction </li></ul><ul><li>- Drugs and Alcohol are disproportionately high among the homeless </li></ul>
  7. 7. Affordability of Housing <ul><li>Between 1970 and 1995, the gap between the number of low-income renters and the amount of affordable housing units skyrocketed from a nonexistent gap to a shortage of 4.4 million affordable housing units - the largest shortfall on record (Institute for Children and Poverty, 2001) </li></ul><ul><li>Between 1991 and 1995, median rental costs paid by low-income renters rose 21%; at the same time, the number of low-income renters increased </li></ul><ul><li>Basically there is not enough low income housing and the low income housing that is available has risen to being more expensive then most impoverished families can afford. Also in the last decade millions of SRO’s have been terminated or changed into other forms of real-state and housing assistance has not risen to meet the demand. </li></ul>
  8. 8. National Homelessness <ul><li>3.5 million people, 1.35 million of them children, are likely to experience homelessness in a given year (Urban Institute 2000) </li></ul><ul><li> - Which translates to 6.3% of the population of people living in poverty </li></ul><ul><li>39% of the national homeless are children </li></ul>
  9. 9. Homeless Shelters <ul><li>37% of requests are unmet due to lack of resources. </li></ul><ul><li>- Up 13% 2001-2002 </li></ul><ul><li>52% of requests by families were denied. </li></ul><ul><li>- Up 22% 2001-2002 </li></ul><ul><li>Rural areas of the United States have homeless but even more inadequate shelters. </li></ul><ul><li>Predicted homeless exceeds shelter space in every major city. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Children and Homelessness <ul><li>Of the children and youth identified as homeless by State Departments of Education in 2000, only 35 % lived in shelters </li></ul><ul><li>34 % lived doubled-up with family or friends </li></ul><ul><li>23 % lived in motels and other locations </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Hidden Homeless <ul><li>- The Hidden Homeless are people that are homeless but live in places that make it impossible for researchers to quantify. </li></ul><ul><li>The most common places people who had been literally homeless stayed were vehicles (59.2%) </li></ul><ul><li>Makeshift housing, such as tents, boxes, caves, or boxcars (24.6%) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Homeless Demographics <ul><li>Age </li></ul><ul><li>- Youth under 18 make up 39% of the urban homeless population </li></ul><ul><li>- Unaccompanied minors make up 4% of the homeless </li></ul><ul><li>- 51% of homeless are between the age of 31-50 years old </li></ul><ul><li>- 55-60 year olds make up 8% of the homeless population. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Homeless Demographics <ul><li>Gender </li></ul><ul><li>- Single homeless adults are more likely to be male then female </li></ul><ul><li>- Single men comprise 40% of the homeless </li></ul><ul><li>- Single women comprise 14% of the homeless </li></ul>
  14. 14. Homeless Demographics <ul><li>Ethnicity </li></ul><ul><li>- In its 2001 survey of 27 cities, the U.S. Conference of Mayor found that the homeless population was </li></ul><ul><li>- 50% African-American </li></ul><ul><li>- 35% Caucasian </li></ul><ul><li>- 12% Hispanic </li></ul><ul><li>- 2% Native American </li></ul><ul><li>- 1% Asian </li></ul><ul><li>(U.S. Conference of Mayors, 2001) </li></ul>

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