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Informational WritingNonfiction text (real, not just “realistic”)Used to inform or explain something to the reading audience Many different types…
Examples of informational texts:• Newspapers - a daily or weekly publication on folded sheets; contains news and articles and advertisements
Examples of informational texts: • Biographies – accounts of the series of events of a person’s life (not Bibliographies) • Autobiographies – biographies of yourself
Examples of informational texts:• Almanacs - annual publications of weather forecasts and other information arranged according to the calendar of a given year
Dos and Don’ts of formal writingDon’t write in first personDo begin with a topic sentence that grabs the reader’s attention and introduces your topic .Do have a purpose to your writingDo include ONLY factsDon’t include information that is not true (fiction)Do remember who the reader will be and use appropriate language
When you write to inform, you are explainingor informing the reader about facts. It answersthe basic questions:Who? What? When? Where? When? Why?How?
When writing to inform, give information in alogical order. The writer can explain a processof how to do something or tell events insequence or time order. When writing about aprocess you can use signal words such as: first,second, third, finally, to begin, to continue,afterward, to finish, start by, next, then, andlast.
When writing to inform, the writer can compareand contrast two subjects. They are telling howthe two subjects are similar and different. Signalwords for similarities are: both, similarly, likewise,same, and, also, etc. Signal words for differencesare: however, by contrast, otherwise, different,but, and while.
When writing to inform the writer can explainwhy something happens; how facts or events(causes) lead to other facts or events(effects). Signal words that show cause and effectare: due to, because of, as the result of,therefore, because, so, consequently, for thisreason, is caused by, if....then, leads/led to, sothat, and when....then
When writing to inform, the writer candescribe a problem and present one ormore solutions to that problem. Signalwords for problem and solution: solve,resolve, concluded that, fix, issuebeing dealt with, problem, solution,remedy, and issue.