Wikis 101


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A wiki how-to

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  • Wikis 101

    1. 1. WIKIS 101 What is a Wiki anyway? All links can be found at:
    2. 2. WHAT IS A WIKI? <ul><li>A wiki is a website that anyone can easily create and edit. </li></ul><ul><li>No special tools or computer languages are required. </li></ul><ul><li>Recent changes can (usually) be seen. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Wikis in Plain English” from the Common Craft Show </li></ul>
    3. 3. WHY WIKI? <ul><li>Unclog your email. </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitate creation. </li></ul><ul><li>Encourages remote users. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide easy access to information. </li></ul><ul><li>Helps groups contribute and collaborate. </li></ul><ul><li>Centralizes information. </li></ul><ul><li>Helps with training. </li></ul>
    4. 4. WIKIPEDIA ( <ul><li>The most famous Wiki. </li></ul><ul><li>As of April 2008, has over 10 million articles in 253 languages. </li></ul><ul><li>All articles written by volunteers. </li></ul><ul><li>Requires editors to create account (register). </li></ul><ul><li>Uses MediaWiki. </li></ul><ul><li>New project – Citizendium ( </li></ul>
    5. 5. WIKITORIALS <ul><li>Los Angeles Times Experiment – June 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Lasted 3 days. </li></ul><ul><li>Goal: Encourage readers to rewrite the paper’s editorials. </li></ul><ul><li>What happened? Site was flooded with obscene messages and images. </li></ul>
    6. 6. FEATURES <ul><li>Edit </li></ul><ul><li>Search </li></ul><ul><li>History </li></ul><ul><li>Navigation </li></ul><ul><li>Links </li></ul><ul><li>Attach documents </li></ul><ul><li>Upload media files </li></ul>
    7. 7. SNAPSHOT OF A WIKI Navigation Search Edit & History Tabs Log in/out
    8. 8. SNAPSHOT OF A WIKI (EDIT FUNCTION) “ WYSIWYG” Editor Save changes!
    9. 9. SNAPSHOT OF A WIKI (HISTORY FUNCTION) 2 recent edits Rollback changes
    10. 10. EDITING <ul><li>2 forms of Wiki editing. </li></ul><ul><li>WYSIWYG or wikitext. </li></ul>
    11. 11. EDITING – WYSIWYG <ul><li>WYSIWYG = What You See Is What You Get </li></ul><ul><li>Using this form of editing, the user is offered a toolbar to complete any markup, such as “bold” or “italics”. This is similar to word processing. </li></ul>
    12. 12. EDITING – WIKITEXT <ul><li>Wikitext is a markup language (similar to HTML). </li></ul><ul><li>Pro: Easy to learn. </li></ul><ul><li>Con: Not consistent across Wikis. </li></ul><ul><li>Example from MediaWiki: </li></ul><ul><li>What you type: </li></ul><ul><li>You can ''italicize text'' by putting 2 apostrophes on each side. </li></ul><ul><li>3 apostrophes will '''bold the text'''. </li></ul><ul><li>5 apostrophes will '''bold''' and ''italicize'' '''''the text'''''. </li></ul><ul><li>What you see: </li></ul><ul><li>You can italicize text by putting 2 apostrophes on each side. </li></ul><ul><li>3 apostrophes will bold the text . </li></ul><ul><li>5 apostrophes will bold and italicize the text . </li></ul>
    13. 13. SECURITY <ul><li>Public – Anyone can view and edit. </li></ul><ul><li>Protected – Anyone can view, but only members can edit. </li></ul><ul><li>Private – Only members can view or edit. </li></ul><ul><li>Community – Change Patrol </li></ul><ul><li>Advanced Features – Email notification, RSS Feeds, etc. </li></ul>
    14. 14. COMMUNITY <ul><li>The community can play many important roles related to a wiki. They contribute to the culture and shared knowledge . </li></ul><ul><li>They can be: </li></ul><ul><li>Authors </li></ul><ul><li>Users </li></ul><ul><li>Security </li></ul><ul><li>Marketing </li></ul><ul><li>Critics </li></ul>
    15. 15. WIKI ETIQUETTE OR WIKIQUETTE <ul><li>Be bold! Make changes! </li></ul><ul><li>Make notes to explain changes. </li></ul><ul><li>Be prepared to explain your changes. </li></ul><ul><li>Be polite. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t take things personally. </li></ul><ul><li>Stay on topic. </li></ul><ul><li>Don’t delete useful content. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide citations. </li></ul>
    16. 16. CHOOSING A WIKI <ul><li>Hosted vs. Installed Wikis </li></ul>
    17. 17. CHOOSING A WIKI - HOSTED <ul><li>Definition : A wiki that is installed on a public server and administered for the users. Offers templates. </li></ul><ul><li>Considerations : </li></ul><ul><li>Ease of set-up. </li></ul><ul><li>User invitations & limits. </li></ul><ul><li>Storage space. </li></ul><ul><li>Public, protected or private ($). </li></ul><ul><li>Page protection. </li></ul><ul><li>Cost. </li></ul><ul><li>Customization. </li></ul><ul><li>Data export capabilities. </li></ul>
    18. 18. CHOOSING A WIKI - INSTALLED <ul><li>Definition : A wiki that is installed on a private server and administered by the users. More customizable. </li></ul><ul><li>Considerations : </li></ul><ul><li>Skill level of users. </li></ul><ul><li>Number of contributors and viewers. </li></ul><ul><li>Needed security level. </li></ul><ul><li>Potential size of wiki. </li></ul><ul><li>Level of automation needed. </li></ul><ul><li>Technical expertise available. </li></ul><ul><li>Desire to be a wiki champion. </li></ul>
    19. 19. CHOOSING A WIKI – HELP! <ul><li>WikiMatrix – Compare Them All </li></ul><ul><li>Allows you to select criteria and compare wikis side by side. </li></ul><ul><li>Free service. </li></ul>
    20. 20. PBWIKI (
    21. 21. <ul><li>Another Common Craft Video: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>WETPAINT (
    22. 22. GOOGLE SITES (
    23. 23. MEDIAWIKI ( )
    24. 24. USES <ul><li>Reduce Email – Create one wiki entry instead of sending an email to large group. </li></ul><ul><li>Web Publishing – Online and easily updated. </li></ul><ul><li>Simple Databases – Easily sorted and seen by the users. </li></ul><ul><li>Shared Spreadsheets & Documents </li></ul><ul><li>Save Money – Possibly replace other costly programs. </li></ul>
    25. 25. USES <ul><li>Shared Repository – Information can be stored on the wiki instead of in a desk drawer, in someone’s email account or in a binder. </li></ul><ul><li>Knowledge Management – As the group or staff changes, information is located in a centralized location. </li></ul><ul><li>Training – Centralized information makes it easier to update new group members or staff. </li></ul><ul><li>Company or Department Intranet – Less complicated than a traditional intranet. Needs less IT assistance. </li></ul>
    26. 26. WHEN NOT TO WIKI… <ul><li>Community authorship is not appropriate. </li></ul><ul><li>Greater control over the visual layout is desired. </li></ul><ul><li>The content will not change often. </li></ul><ul><li>The content is timely and then obsolete (consider a blog.) </li></ul><ul><li>Concerns over privacy (copyright, trade secrets, etc.) cannot be addressed by private settings on a wiki. </li></ul><ul><li>There is no one to monitor/maintain the wiki. </li></ul>
    27. 27. QUESTIONS? <ul><li>Adult Services Department </li></ul><ul><li>Westerville Public Library </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>Presented on 10/9/08 </li></ul><ul><li>Presentation can be found at: </li></ul><ul><li>All links can be found at: </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>