Rise Of Napoleon Ch 21 Sec 3 And 4

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Rise Of Napoleon Ch 21 Sec 3 And 4

  1. 1. Rise of Napoleon Kagan Ch 19
  2. 2. Topics <ul><li>Napoleon comes to power </li></ul><ul><li>Napoleon builds an Empire </li></ul><ul><li>The Continental System </li></ul><ul><li>A Brief return </li></ul><ul><li>The Congress of Vienna </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Napoleon comes to power </li></ul><ul><li>Effect of the Reign of Terror </li></ul><ul><li>Defender of the Revolution </li></ul><ul><li>The Consulate (1799-1804) </li></ul><ul><li>Establishing the Dynasty </li></ul>
  4. 4. A. Effect of the Reign of Terror <ul><li>People had come to fear the Revolution </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Committee on Public Safety </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Violence of the radicals (sans cullottes) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Directorate forms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Council of 5 who would rule with 2 larger assemblies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They established order, but were corrupt </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. B. Defender of the Revolution <ul><li>Oct. 1795: Royalists try to take power </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Foment riots </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Napoleon defends the National Convention </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A “Whiff </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>of Grapeshot” </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. C. The Consulate (1799-1804) <ul><li>1799 Napoleon dissolves the legislature </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Napoleon is made First Consul </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establishes Constitution of Year XIII </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Restored stability and effective government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Napoleonic Code </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Concordat with the Catholic Church </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ended influence of the nobility </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. D. Establishing the Dynasty <ul><li>In 1804 a Plebiscite elected Napoleon as First Consul </li></ul><ul><li>Transforms France from a Republic to an Empire </li></ul>
  8. 8. Napoleon Crowned Emperor 1804
  9. 9. II. Napoleon builds an Empire <ul><li>Invasion of Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>Battle of Trafalgar </li></ul><ul><li>Victories in Central Europe </li></ul>
  10. 10. A. Invasion of Egypt <ul><li>Napoleon wanted to defeat Britain </li></ul><ul><li>Indirect attack at Egypt </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To strangle British trade from Asia </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Huge failure </li></ul>
  11. 11. B. Battle of Trafalgar <ul><li>Third Coalition : Britain, Austria and Russia </li></ul><ul><li>French fail to defeat British for control of the Sea </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Britain saved from an invasion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lord Nelson is Killed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>British naval dominance protected </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Trafalgar 1805
  13. 13. C. Victories in Central Europe <ul><li>Austria and Russia defeated at Austerlitz </li></ul><ul><li>Napoleon gains control of Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Gains half of Prussia </li></ul>
  14. 14. III. The Continental System <ul><li>Conflict with Britain </li></ul><ul><li>The Peninsular War </li></ul><ul><li>War with Russia </li></ul><ul><li>Battle of Leipzig 1813 </li></ul>
  15. 15. A. Conflict with Britain <ul><li>France dominated Europe </li></ul><ul><li>Hoped to cripple British economy by denying trade </li></ul><ul><li>Needed Russian Support </li></ul><ul><li>Led to the Continental System </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Deny British Trade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hurt France and Europe more </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. B. The Peninsular War <ul><li>Spain resented French Rule </li></ul><ul><ul><li>France’s anti Catholic positions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Spain fought a Guerrilla war </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Supported by British </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Peninsular War 1808-1813
  18. 19. C. War with Russia
  19. 20. Invasion of Russia
  20. 22. Alexander I of Russia
  21. 29. Battle of Leipzig 1813 Napoleon defeated
  22. 30. IV. A Brief Return <ul><li>The Return from Elbe </li></ul><ul><li>The Battle of Waterloo </li></ul>
  23. 31. A. The Return from Elbe <ul><li>Coalition brought back Bourbon king </li></ul><ul><li>Became very unpopular </li></ul><ul><li>March 1 st , 1815, Napoleon escapes from Elba </li></ul><ul><li>People rushed to Napoleons side </li></ul><ul><li>His army became immense </li></ul>
  24. 32. Waterloo 1815
  25. 33. <ul><li>Napoleon will be imprisoned on St. Helena where he will die in 1821 </li></ul>
  26. 34. V. The Congress of Vienna: 1815 <ul><li>Checking the power of France </li></ul><ul><li>Restoring the Old Order </li></ul>
  27. 35. A. Checking the power of France <ul><li>Britain, Austria, Prussia and Russia all wanted to check the power of France </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Quadruple alliance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nations around France were strengthened </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Power was also balanced to prevent any one power from dominating Europe </li></ul><ul><ul><li>An emphasis on stability and peace </li></ul></ul>
  28. 36. B. Restoring the Old Order <ul><li>Conservatives: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>French Revolution was entirely bad </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Liberalism: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Principles were good, but the violence was bad </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Radicalism: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>By any means necessary to achieve the principles </li></ul></ul>
  29. 37. Closure… <ul><li>Napoleon emerges as the savior of the Revolution. </li></ul><ul><li>Napoleon extends enlightenment ideas but as an emperor. </li></ul><ul><li>Nationalism emerges as a response to French power. </li></ul><ul><li>Congress of Vienna established a new balance of Power in Europe </li></ul>
  30. 38. Invasion of Russia
  31. 39. The European Coalition

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