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Ch 4 Federalism


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Ch 4 Federalism

  1. 1. Federalism Chapter 4 section 1 and 3
  2. 2. Topics <ul><li>Federalism </li></ul><ul><li>The Expressed Powers </li></ul><ul><li>The Powers of the States </li></ul><ul><li>Interstate relations. </li></ul>
  3. 3. I. Federalism <ul><li>It was a compromise </li></ul><ul><li>Concurrent Powers </li></ul><ul><li>The Supremacy Clause </li></ul><ul><li>McCulloch vs Maryland </li></ul>
  4. 4. A. Federalism was a Compromise. <ul><li>Remember the conflict of states rights versus Central authority. </li></ul><ul><li>The Compromise was system of government that power is shared by both the central government and state governments. </li></ul><ul><li>But who will have which powers? </li></ul>
  5. 5. B. Concurrent Powers. <ul><li>Powers shared by both National and State level. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tax </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Borrow </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establish courts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Charter banks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Build roads </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Enforce laws </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. C. The Supremacy Clause <ul><li>Federal authority and law is always superior to that of state. </li></ul>
  7. 7. D. McCulloch vs Maryland <ul><li>Involved Second Bank of the U.S. </li></ul><ul><li>Maryland placed a tax on notes issued by Baltimore branch. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They hoped it would cripple the Bank. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Supreme Court said it violated the Supremacy Clause . </li></ul>
  8. 8. II. The Delegated Powers <ul><li>Expressed Powers </li></ul><ul><li>Implied Powers </li></ul><ul><li>Inherent Powers </li></ul><ul><li>Powers denied to the Federal Government </li></ul>
  9. 9. A. Expressed Powers <ul><li>Are powers that are specifically delegated to the National Government. </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes referred to as enumerated powers. </li></ul><ul><li>There are 27 expressed powers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To coin money. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To regulate trade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To maintain an army and a navy. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. B. Implied Powers <ul><li>Are powers that are not expressly stated, but reasonably suggested. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Elastic Clause: “all laws necessary and proper to carry out the delegated powers”. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What is “necessary and proper”? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A National Bank? Labor Laws? Power Plants? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National Health care???? </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. C. Inherent Powers <ul><li>Belong to the National government because it is sovereign. </li></ul><ul><li>These powers are few on number. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Regulate immigration, diplomatic recognition. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sometimes inferred from other powers. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>These powers existed because that we as a state exist. </li></ul>
  12. 12. D. Powers denied to the Federal Government <ul><li>Powers expressly denied. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No levies on exports, prohibit freedom of religion, speech and press. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>It only has delegated powers. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Powers that are not stated, it does not have. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>It does not have the power to destroy the system itself. </li></ul>
  13. 13. III. The Powers of the State <ul><li>Reserved Powers </li></ul><ul><li>Powers denied to the State </li></ul>
  14. 14. A. Reserved Powers <ul><li>10 th Amendment forms basis for reserved powers. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Powers not given to the Federal government and not denied to the states are reserved for the states and people. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>States provide for public health, education, welfare, safety, and morals. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>States supervise marriage, divorce, elections and civil law. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Ninth: The Rights in the constitution are not the only rights the people have. </li></ul>
  16. 16. B. Powers denied to the State <ul><li>Cannot enter into treaties with foreign nations. </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot declare war. </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot print money. </li></ul>
  17. 17. IV. Interstate Relations <ul><li>Interstate compacts </li></ul><ul><li>Full Faith and Credit </li></ul><ul><li>Extradition </li></ul><ul><li>Privileges and Immunities Clause </li></ul>
  18. 18. A. Interstate compacts <ul><li>States cannot enter into treaties or alliances. </li></ul><ul><li>May enter into interstate compacts. </li></ul>
  19. 19. B. Full Faith and Credit <ul><li>Ensures that records, judicial proceedings and public acts will be recognized in all 50 states. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Courts cases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marriage licenses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Birth certificates. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Exception </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Civil not criminal cases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Divorce </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. C. Extradition <ul><li>Legal process by which a fugitive from justice in one state is returned to that state. </li></ul>
  21. 21. D. Privileges and Immunities Clause <ul><li>States cannot draw unreasonable distinctions between residents and non residents. </li></ul><ul><li>State must allow </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Free travel and residency </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access to courts and contracts. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Property rights and legal documents. </li></ul></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>Federalism </li></ul><ul><li>Delegated powers </li></ul><ul><li>Expressed powers </li></ul><ul><li>Implied powers </li></ul><ul><li>Reserved powers </li></ul><ul><li>Inherent powers </li></ul><ul><li>Concurrent powers </li></ul><ul><li>Interstate compact </li></ul><ul><li>Full faith and credit </li></ul><ul><li>Extradition </li></ul><ul><li>Privileges and immunities clause </li></ul>