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Ch 24 Overview States


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Ch 24 Overview States

  1. 1. Federalism and State Governments Ch 24 Overview
  2. 2. Topic <ul><li>State Constitutions </li></ul><ul><li>State Legislatures </li></ul><ul><li>Governors </li></ul><ul><li>State Courts </li></ul><ul><li>State laws </li></ul>
  3. 3. I. State Constitutions <ul><li>Basic Principles </li></ul><ul><li>Amendments </li></ul><ul><li>Need For Reform </li></ul>
  4. 4. A. Basic Principles <ul><li>Follow same principles of Federal or national government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Separation of Powers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Checks and Balances </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Judicial review </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Limited Government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Popular Sovereignty </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Federalism </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. B. Amendments <ul><li>Ways to propose amendments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Convention </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Legislature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>initiative (Caleefornia) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In 49 states amendments must be ratified by a vote of the people </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sometimes a simple majority </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Others a super majority </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. C. Need For Reform <ul><li>As a result of propositions, State constitutions are enormous </li></ul><ul><ul><li>From 15,000 t0 40,000 words </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Alabama has over 300,000 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>They have become representative of special interest voting </li></ul>
  7. 7. II. State Legislatures <ul><li>Basic Structure </li></ul><ul><li>Requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Powers </li></ul>
  8. 8. A. Basic Structure <ul><li>49 states are bicameral </li></ul><ul><li>Referred to as legislature or assembly </li></ul><ul><ul><li>State senate and State assembly </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Still performs the writing function </li></ul>
  9. 9. B. Requirements <ul><li>Varies from state to state </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most require age 21 for assembly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>25 for senate </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Most serve a 2 or 4 year term </li></ul><ul><li>Some states have term limits </li></ul>
  10. 10. C. Powers <ul><li>Write the laws </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Committee system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Presiding officers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Police powers to protect the public good </li></ul>
  11. 11. III. Governors <ul><li>Requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Role and powers </li></ul>
  12. 12. A. Requirements <ul><li>Must be a citizen </li></ul><ul><li>Usually 25 or 30 years old </li></ul>
  13. 13. B. Role and powers <ul><li>Executive powers: appoint judges and department heads </li></ul><ul><li>Writes the budget </li></ul><ul><li>Commander in chief of state militia </li></ul><ul><li>Legislative power </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Able to influence media </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Veto </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Judicial powers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pardon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>clemency </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. IV. State Court System <ul><li>Justice of the Peace and Magistrate </li></ul><ul><li>Municipal </li></ul><ul><li>Juvenile </li></ul><ul><li>General </li></ul><ul><li>Appellate </li></ul><ul><li>State Supreme </li></ul>
  15. 15. V. State laws <ul><li>Criminal </li></ul><ul><li>Civil </li></ul><ul><li>Jury </li></ul>
  16. 16. A. Criminal <ul><li>Criminal laws are violations against the public law </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Felonies are serious violations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Misdemeanors are minor </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. B. Civil <ul><li>Refers to disputes between private parties </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Divorce </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Property damage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contract Violations </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. C. Jury <ul><li>Body of citizens selected to as impartial jurors </li></ul><ul><li>Can be used in both civil and criminal cases </li></ul><ul><li>Grand Juries are used to determine if there is enough evidence for a trial </li></ul><ul><li>Petit Juries are used to determine a verdict in criminal and civil cases. </li></ul>
  19. 19. Terms <ul><li>Initiative </li></ul><ul><li>Police power </li></ul><ul><li>Recall </li></ul><ul><li>Clemency </li></ul><ul><li>Pardon </li></ul><ul><li>Criminal law </li></ul><ul><li>Civil law </li></ul><ul><li>jury </li></ul>