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Ch 1 Sec 1 And 2


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Ch 1 Sec 1 And 2

  1. 1. Government and the State Chapter 1 sec 1
  2. 2. The Essential Questions <ul><li>What is a government? </li></ul><ul><li>What is a state? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the origins of the state? </li></ul><ul><li>What are the forms of government? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Democracy versus autocracy. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How does geography play a role? </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>What is a government? </li></ul><ul><li>What is government? </li></ul><ul><li>How does it exercise power? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the purpose of government? </li></ul>
  4. 4. A. What is a government? <ul><li>A government is an institution through which a society makes and enforces its public policies. </li></ul><ul><li>Public policies consist of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Taxation, control of crime, education, transportation, environment, civil rights and working conditions. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. B. How does it exercise power? <ul><li>A government must have power in order to fulfill these goals. This power consists of: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Legislative : the power to write the law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Executive : the power to enforce the law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Judicial : the power to interpret laws </li></ul></ul>
  6. 7. C. What is the purpose of government? <ul><li>The purpose of government is to maintain order in society. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chaos is Bad </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The authority in order to do this can come from several sources. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Force </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Evolutionary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Divine Right </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Contract </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. II. What is a State? <ul><li>What is a state? </li></ul><ul><li>What does it represent? </li></ul>
  8. 9. A. What is a state? <ul><li>A state can be defined as a body of a people , living in a defined territory , organized politically , and the ability to make and enforce laws without the consent of a higher authority . </li></ul>
  9. 10. B. What does it represent? <ul><li>A state must represent a population or people. </li></ul><ul><li>A state must have authority over a territory </li></ul><ul><li>States are sovereign , or the power to make laws over its region. </li></ul><ul><li>Must be politically organized , or have a government. </li></ul>
  10. 11.                                 
  11. 12. III. What are the origins of a state? <ul><li>Evolutionary Theory </li></ul><ul><li>Force Theory </li></ul><ul><li>Divine Right </li></ul><ul><li>The Social Contract </li></ul>
  12. 13. A. Evolutionary Theory <ul><li>Government comes from family structure. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Patriarchal Society </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nations evolved over time. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Families </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tribes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nations </li></ul></ul>
  13. 14. B. Force Theory <ul><li>The Strong rule. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Those who have strength can enforce authority over others. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Those who maintain authority by force. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Genghis Khan </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Feudal estates. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The 400 lb. Gorilla </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 15. Force Theory
  15. 16. C. Divine Right <ul><li>Power comes from God and is given to a ruling monarch. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Power is hereditary and Absolute </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Popular in Europe from 1200-1919 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Louis XIV is a good Example </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Egyptian Pharaoh </li></ul></ul>
  16. 17. D. The Social Contract <ul><li>Developed to oppose Divine Right. </li></ul><ul><li>Product of the Enlightenment era. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thomas Hobbes believed the people could have a Social Contract with a Monarch. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A Social Contract is agreement between the ruler and the people.. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>John Locke stated that power comes from the Consent of the governed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>People had right to revolt. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  17. 18. A Social Contract
  18. 19. Terms to know. <ul><li>Government </li></ul><ul><li>State </li></ul><ul><li>Public Policy </li></ul><ul><li>Legislative Power </li></ul><ul><li>Executive Power </li></ul><ul><li>Judicial Power </li></ul><ul><li>Force Theory </li></ul><ul><li>Divine Right </li></ul><ul><li>Evolutionary </li></ul><ul><li>Social Contract </li></ul>
  19. 20. Summary <ul><li>There are 4 characteristics of a state. </li></ul><ul><li>Governments are the decision making apparatus of a state and can take various forms </li></ul><ul><li>There are 4 sources of power for a state. </li></ul>