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Triad of Technology


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Triad of Technology

  1. 1. Triad of Evolution Variations of the Technium
  2. 2. Triad of Biological Evolution <ul><li>Functional/Adaptive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>External Variations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Physical/Chemical Constraints </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internal Variations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Self-Organizing </li></ul></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Triad of Biological Evolution <ul><li>Historical/Contingent </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Random Acts of Chance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No Pattern/Direction </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Triad of Biological Evolution <ul><li>Structural/Inevitable </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Independent of History </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Predictable </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Triad of Technological Evolution
  6. 6. Semiconductor (Contingent) <ul><li>William Shockley, Walter Brittain, John Bardeen </li></ul><ul><li>Nobel Prize for Physics (1956) </li></ul><ul><li>Shockley Semiconductors </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expats form Intel Corp. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Foundation of Silicone Valley, CA </li></ul>
  7. 7. ARPAnet (Structural) <ul><li>Advanced Research Projects Agency </li></ul><ul><ul><li>US Response to Sputnik (1957) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Resource Sharing Computer Network </li></ul><ul><li>Shared info via NCPs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Network Control Protocols </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Branches into National Science Foundation Network (NSFnet) 1986 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Backbone of modern Internet </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. APPLE (Intentional) <ul><li>Steve Jobs & Steve Wozniak </li></ul><ul><li>Apple I (1976), Apple II (1977) </li></ul><ul><li>First Graphical User Interface (GUI) </li></ul><ul><li>User Friendly </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Drag/Drop, Plug/Play, Multi-Window </li></ul></ul><ul><li>More Productive and Economical Platform (Norris and Wong) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Triad of Technology Shockley ARPAnet Jobs/Wozniak