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standard for Parliaments
The use case of Parliament of Uruguay
Sylvia Tosar
General Director, Member of CTIP
Parliament of Uruguay, Uruguay
Monica Palmirani
Professor of Legal Informatics
Law School, CIRSFID,
University of Bologna, Italy
Fabio Vitali
Professor of Computer Science
Department of Computer Science and Engineering
University of Bologna, Italy
Legal XML standards in the world
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
n
1999
1997
2001
2003
2002
2003
2004
2006
2008
2012
2008
Akoma Ntoso (AKN) in OASIS
n An open XML standard for all the legal documents
used in Parliamentary processes and judgments
n Started in 2005 in the project “Strengthening
Parliaments’ Information Systems in Africa”,
promoted by the UNITED NATIONS Department
for Economics and Social Affairs (UNDESA)
n Akoma Ntoso means “Linked Hearts” and it is a
symbol used by the Akan people of West Africa to
represent understanding and agreement
AKN document types
BILL
AMENDMENTS
ACT
ORDER
of the Day
Motions
Questions
Petitions
Speeches
Voting
Reports
Hansards
Official
Gazette
Committee
Report
Judgement
Jurisprudence
Books
Journals
Parliament Legislative process
• Document Drafting
• Simulation
• Consolidation of documents
• Consolidation of amendments
• Ordering of amendments
• Debates record
• Printing in the official Internal Journal
• Final Drafting
• Formal Check
• Metadata
• Consolidation
• Metadata
• Extraction
• Annotation
• Jurisprudence
• Metadata
Success stories of AKN
n Senate of Brazil (AKN in Portuguese, acts, bills, point-in-time)
n European Parliament (bill and amendments)
n Library of Congress of Chile (bill and debates)
n Senate of Italy (bill publication in open data)
n Parliament of Uruguay (bill workflow)
n US Code Consolidation service (code management)
n State of California (xml standard for document management)
n
n
n
n
n
AKN: Transparency, Quality, & Efficiency
XML by itself is not a guarantee for transparency.
Yet, AKN has explicit features that support it:
q Clear division of metadata from official content
q Explicit lifecycle of the document and tracking of
workflow events
q Systematic connection of separate pieces of
information to extract new legal knowledge
q Long-term preservation of legal validity (authentic
document)
q Management of multiple linguistic expressions
q Data model for open government data and Linked
Open Data (LOD)
q Preservation of privacy/liability issues (e.g. in judiciary
document)
AKN support for parliamentary activities
n Support for generation of new documents: drafting
activities, record keeping, translation into national
languages, etc.
n Support for workflow and lifecycle of documents:
management of documents across lifecycle,
storage, security, timely involvement of relevant
individuals and offices
n Support for citizens’ access to the legal global
information: multi-channel (on paper and on the
web) publication, search, classification,
identification
n Further activities: consolidation, comparison,
language synchronization, etc.
AKN Open Source Tools
n Editors: Lime, Bungeni, AT4AM
n URI/IRI Resolvers
n Textual Parser
n XML Validator
n Converters
n Presentation
n Sub-schema extractor
n Parliament SW Platform
Parliament of Uruguay AKN project
n 2013-ongoing
n Goals
q Use of AKN for the legislative process of bills
q Comparative visualization of two versions
q LIME Web Editor used for the mark-up of the bills
n Methodology
q Group of technical and legal experts
q 4 pilot cases
q Support from the University of Bologna
n Future steps
q Deploy the system in-place for managing bill legislative process
q Extend the project to debates connected with the bills
q AKN resolver
q Ontology for legislative process
Portal for the citizens
Navigation of the structure
Comparative visualization
OASIS: international standardization
body
n Not-for-profit consortium founded in 1993
n Open to all: companies, government agencies, academic
and research institutions, individuals
n International community
q 5,000+ participants including 600+ organizations
in 100+ countries; 33% in Europe; 13% in Asia
n Technical agenda set by members
n Board and Committee chairs elected by members
n About 65 Technical Committees active in many domains
LegalDocML TC members
n 36 members in the TC
Chile Biblioteca del Congreso Nacional – European
Parliament – Ghana Parliament – Georgia State
University College of Law Library - University of
‐Bologna CIRSFID – Uruguay Parliament – LexisNexis,
a Division of Reed Elsevier – Wells Fargo – Library of
Congress – M.I.T. – Aubay S.A. – Xcential – JPMorgan
Chase Bank, N.A. - National Center for State Courts –
MTG Management Consultants, LLC. – Mitre
Corporation - ….
Working DraftFIRST STEP
Committee
Specification
Draft
Full Majority Vote
Full Majority Vote
Public Review
Open for 30 days
Committee
Specification
Special Majority Vote.
Statements of Use Three use cases
Candidate standard
Public Review Open for 60 days
Balloting 15% of the OASIS
OASIS TC Workflow
Conclusions
n AKN is a robust legal XML standard for legal open
document in parliament
n It is fit for open government data and semantic web (LOD)
n It is extendable and customizable
n Each organization can select just the needed parts
n Open source tools are now available
n Several pilot cases and end-user projects are substantial
proofs-of-concept for many legal systems and scenarios
n Several Parliaments use AKN in-place implementations
n OASIS standard process makes AKN an international
standard stable with a good governance
Thank you
for your attention
Sylvia Tosar – stosar@parlamento.gub.uy
Monica Palmirani – monica.palmirani@unibo.it
Fabio Vitali – fabio.vitali@unibo.it

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Day 3: Working together: global and regional collaboration, Ms. Sylvia Tosar, General Director, Member of CTIP, Parliament, Uruguay

  • 1. standard for Parliaments The use case of Parliament of Uruguay Sylvia Tosar General Director, Member of CTIP Parliament of Uruguay, Uruguay Monica Palmirani Professor of Legal Informatics Law School, CIRSFID, University of Bologna, Italy Fabio Vitali Professor of Computer Science Department of Computer Science and Engineering University of Bologna, Italy
  • 2.
  • 3.
  • 4. Legal XML standards in the world n n n n n n n n n n n 1999 1997 2001 2003 2002 2003 2004 2006 2008 2012 2008
  • 5. Akoma Ntoso (AKN) in OASIS n An open XML standard for all the legal documents used in Parliamentary processes and judgments n Started in 2005 in the project “Strengthening Parliaments’ Information Systems in Africa”, promoted by the UNITED NATIONS Department for Economics and Social Affairs (UNDESA) n Akoma Ntoso means “Linked Hearts” and it is a symbol used by the Akan people of West Africa to represent understanding and agreement
  • 6. AKN document types BILL AMENDMENTS ACT ORDER of the Day Motions Questions Petitions Speeches Voting Reports Hansards Official Gazette Committee Report Judgement Jurisprudence Books Journals
  • 7. Parliament Legislative process • Document Drafting • Simulation • Consolidation of documents • Consolidation of amendments • Ordering of amendments • Debates record • Printing in the official Internal Journal • Final Drafting • Formal Check • Metadata • Consolidation • Metadata • Extraction • Annotation • Jurisprudence • Metadata
  • 8. Success stories of AKN n Senate of Brazil (AKN in Portuguese, acts, bills, point-in-time) n European Parliament (bill and amendments) n Library of Congress of Chile (bill and debates) n Senate of Italy (bill publication in open data) n Parliament of Uruguay (bill workflow) n US Code Consolidation service (code management) n State of California (xml standard for document management) n n n n n
  • 9. AKN: Transparency, Quality, & Efficiency XML by itself is not a guarantee for transparency. Yet, AKN has explicit features that support it: q Clear division of metadata from official content q Explicit lifecycle of the document and tracking of workflow events q Systematic connection of separate pieces of information to extract new legal knowledge q Long-term preservation of legal validity (authentic document) q Management of multiple linguistic expressions q Data model for open government data and Linked Open Data (LOD) q Preservation of privacy/liability issues (e.g. in judiciary document)
  • 10. AKN support for parliamentary activities n Support for generation of new documents: drafting activities, record keeping, translation into national languages, etc. n Support for workflow and lifecycle of documents: management of documents across lifecycle, storage, security, timely involvement of relevant individuals and offices n Support for citizens’ access to the legal global information: multi-channel (on paper and on the web) publication, search, classification, identification n Further activities: consolidation, comparison, language synchronization, etc.
  • 11. AKN Open Source Tools n Editors: Lime, Bungeni, AT4AM n URI/IRI Resolvers n Textual Parser n XML Validator n Converters n Presentation n Sub-schema extractor n Parliament SW Platform
  • 12. Parliament of Uruguay AKN project n 2013-ongoing n Goals q Use of AKN for the legislative process of bills q Comparative visualization of two versions q LIME Web Editor used for the mark-up of the bills n Methodology q Group of technical and legal experts q 4 pilot cases q Support from the University of Bologna n Future steps q Deploy the system in-place for managing bill legislative process q Extend the project to debates connected with the bills q AKN resolver q Ontology for legislative process
  • 13.
  • 14.
  • 15.
  • 16. Portal for the citizens
  • 17. Navigation of the structure
  • 19. OASIS: international standardization body n Not-for-profit consortium founded in 1993 n Open to all: companies, government agencies, academic and research institutions, individuals n International community q 5,000+ participants including 600+ organizations in 100+ countries; 33% in Europe; 13% in Asia n Technical agenda set by members n Board and Committee chairs elected by members n About 65 Technical Committees active in many domains
  • 20. LegalDocML TC members n 36 members in the TC Chile Biblioteca del Congreso Nacional – European Parliament – Ghana Parliament – Georgia State University College of Law Library - University of ‐Bologna CIRSFID – Uruguay Parliament – LexisNexis, a Division of Reed Elsevier – Wells Fargo – Library of Congress – M.I.T. – Aubay S.A. – Xcential – JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. - National Center for State Courts – MTG Management Consultants, LLC. – Mitre Corporation - ….
  • 21. Working DraftFIRST STEP Committee Specification Draft Full Majority Vote Full Majority Vote Public Review Open for 30 days Committee Specification Special Majority Vote. Statements of Use Three use cases Candidate standard Public Review Open for 60 days Balloting 15% of the OASIS OASIS TC Workflow
  • 22. Conclusions n AKN is a robust legal XML standard for legal open document in parliament n It is fit for open government data and semantic web (LOD) n It is extendable and customizable n Each organization can select just the needed parts n Open source tools are now available n Several pilot cases and end-user projects are substantial proofs-of-concept for many legal systems and scenarios n Several Parliaments use AKN in-place implementations n OASIS standard process makes AKN an international standard stable with a good governance
  • 23. Thank you for your attention Sylvia Tosar – stosar@parlamento.gub.uy Monica Palmirani – monica.palmirani@unibo.it Fabio Vitali – fabio.vitali@unibo.it