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Day 2: Openness: making use of open data, Mr. Peter Reichstädter, CIO, Parliament, Austria

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At first, it was assumed that if parliaments made their data available, people would come and get it. More recently, it has become clear that there is still much to do to make open data “profitable” and usable in a constant and reliable way. The session will also question parliament’s ability to access and use data from the executive branch of government and elsewhere in its own research activities.

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Day 2: Openness: making use of open data, Mr. Peter Reichstädter, CIO, Parliament, Austria

  1. 1. World e-Parliament Conference 2016 #eParliament 28-30 June 2016 // Chamber of Deputies of Chile // Valparaiso Challenges between innovation & business model (Openness: making use of open data) Parliament Administration / Austria Peter Reichstädter / CIO
  2. 2. “It is not the strongest of the species that survive, nor the most intelligent, but the ones most responsive to change” Charles Darwin Service: ['s&r-v&s] 1: the occupation or function of serving 2: the work performed by one that serves
  3. 3. How Cities Evolve …
  4. 4. Architecture & processes - who needs it?!
  5. 5. INTERNET of THINGS MOBILITY CLOUD COLLABORATION APPS Dimensions
  6. 6. Interoperability ‘Interoperability, within the context of European public service delivery, is the ability of disparate and diverse organisations to interact towards mutually beneficial and agreed common goals, involving the sharing of information and knowledge between the organisations, through the business processes they support, by means of the exchange of data between their respective ICT systems.’ [EIF]
  7. 7. Aims of Interoperability … Uniformication? No… Interoperability…
  8. 8. European approach – IOP Guidance SUPPORTServices & ToolsServices & Tools Guidelines EIF EIS Governance Implementation Operation Conception ARTEFACTS & INITIATIVES EUROPEAN PUBLIC SERVICES ACTIVITIES European Interoperability StrategyEuropean Interoperability Strategy European Interoperability FrameworkEuropean Interoperability Framework European InteroperabilityEuropean Interoperability Architecture GuidelinesArchitecture Guidelines European InteroperabilityEuropean Interoperability Infrastructure ServicesInfrastructure Services
  9. 9. European Interoperability Framework 2.0
  10. 10. https://joinup.ec.europa.eu/community/core_vocabularies/description https://joinup.ec.europa.eu/elibrary/document/egovernment-core-vocabularies https://joinup.ec.europa.eu/asset/esens-wp6/news/developments-around-isa-program http://www.w3.org/TR/vocab-dcat/ https://joinup.ec.europa.eu/asset/dcat_application_profile/description Vocabularies / Standardisation …
  11. 11. Open Government
  12. 12. Open Government Data  Motives – Transparency – Participation – Collaboration – Accountability – Economic growth through Innovation  Core issues – Fees vs. free of charge – Efforts & Granularity – SecurityOpen Government Data Venn Diagram by justgrimes
  13. 13. OGD Principles 1. Completeness 2. Primacy 3. Timeliness 4. Ease of Physical and Electronic Access 5. Machine readability 6. Non-discrimination 7. Use of Commonly Owned Standards 8. Licensing 9. Permanence 10. Usage Costs http://sunlightfoundation.com/policy/documents/ten-open-data-principles/ 2010
  14. 14. How documentation made available to people outside parliament
  15. 15. OGD Challenges  Internal challenges – Organisational resistance – Organisational structure vs. public perception – Expenses for format adoptions – Creation of single point of contact („portal“) and infrastructure (data store, API, …) – Procedure drafting: Data assessment, monitoring (quality, security risks) – License model and provision free of charge vs. „reasonable fees“
  16. 16. OGD Pitfals and Misconceptions  Myth 1: The publicizing of data will automatically and immediately yield benefits  Myth 2: All information should be unrestrictedly publicized  Myth 3: It is a matter of simply publishing public data  Myth 4: Every constituent can make use of open data  Myth 5: Open data will result in open government (Janssen / Charalabidis / Zuiderwijk 2012: 264)
  17. 17. RIS as Open Government Data http://data.gv.at/datensatz/?id=31430a9f-c8ba-4654-ab68-c9c3dff0361b
  18. 18. 7 Applications build immediately after publishing …
  19. 19. Open-Government-Implementation Model http://www.kdz.eu/en/open-government-implementation-model
  20. 20. Standardization in different phases of the process Creating Data Creating Data Publishing Data Publishing Data Finding Data Finding Data Using DataUsing Data Legislators / Regulatory environmentLegislators / Regulatory environment Data providers Public units on federal, cantonal and communal levels Data providers Public units on federal, cantonal and communal levels Data users Other public units, Business, Academia, Civil Society (incl. Media, NGOs, Associations) Data users Other public units, Business, Academia, Civil Society (incl. Media, NGOs, Associations) (Zuiderwijk/ Janssen 2013: 42) The two spheres are added, they respresent the orientations towards internal policy and towards reuse
  21. 21. General feeling: missing confidence?
  22. 22. Lessons learned …  holistic approach, comprehensive framework  include horizontal key enablers in the big picture  reduce complexity  don‘t think in SILOS …  reInventing the Wheel ‚syndrom‘ / legal ‘support’ needed?!  ISA strategy <-> national/local strategy  share Sevices (eForms, eID, …)  …
  23. 23. architecture usability & mobility SW-development infrastructure 2020+
  24. 24. ‚Next Generation‘?  workplace of the future (2020)  Security  big data  synergies in/with e-sectors  eID / federation of portals  granularity of services -> aggregated services (responsive)  Open Government Data (OGD)  feedback of citizens is necessary <-> citizen centric  capacity building / skills
  25. 25.  Lets walk the way together … Conclusion we clearly have to identify our strategic goals
  26. 26. Questions? peter.reichstaedter@parlament.gv.at CIO Austrian Parliament / Parliamentary Administration - IT http://www.parlament.gv.at/ https://joinup.ec.europa.eu/ http://data.gv.at/ http://www.digital.austria.gv.at/ http://reference.e-government.gv.at/ Results and specifications available online (unfortunately mostly only in German , but we’re doing our best … )☺ Thank you!
  27. 27. Infos …  http://ec.europa.eu/information_society/newsroom/cf/dae /document.cfm?doc_id=3179  http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-11- 1524_en.htm?locale=en  https://open-data.europa.eu/en/data  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CKAN  http://ckan.org/  http://reference.e-government.gv.at/Open-Government- Let-the-suns.opengovernment.0.html  …

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