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Categories of special education in michigan

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Categories of special education in michigan

  1. 1. Categories of Special Education in Michigan<br />By: Sarah Wenson<br />T/TH 11:00-12:15<br />
  2. 2. Cognitive Impairment (CI)<br />IQ of 70 or lower<br />Common terms<br />Cognitive impairment<br />Mental retardation<br />Developmental disabilities<br />Intellectual disabilities <br />Difficult time doing adaptive skills.<br />Showering, eating, brushing teeth, getting dressed, and other daily things.<br />
  3. 3. Emotional Impairment (EI)<br />Disruptive or inappropriate behaviors that may affect a child's learning, social life, and even personal life.<br />Random outbursts<br />Inner and outer types of behavior<br />Examples:<br />Anxiety disorder, mood disorder, schizophrenia, and many more. <br />
  4. 4. Hearing Impairment (HI)<br />Controversies<br />Where child should be educated<br />Learning sign language<br />Should child receive cochlear implant?<br />Deaf<br />Hard of hearing<br />Prelingually deaf<br />Postlingually deaf<br />
  5. 5. Visual Impairment (VI)<br />Visual efficiency<br />How well sight is used<br />Visual acuity<br />Distance<br />Residual vision<br />Functional use<br />
  6. 6. Physical Impairment (PI)<br />Cerebral palsy<br />Brain can not control functions<br />Four types<br />Spastic-70-80% of cases<br />Athetoid<br />Ataxic<br />mixed<br />Muscular Dystrophy<br />Wasting away of the muscle/ muscle weakness<br />Spina Bifida<br />Spinal cord is not formed correctly<br />Orthopedic impairment<br />Affects child's educational performance<br />
  7. 7. Other Health Impairment (OHI)<br />Due to health problems, either big or small.<br />Affects child's learning ability mostly to be able to pay attention in class.<br />ADHD/ADD is the most common<br />Asthma<br />Allergies<br />
  8. 8. Speech and Language Impairment (SLI)<br />Language<br />Form<br />Content<br />use<br />Speech<br />Voice<br />Articulation<br />Fluency<br />
  9. 9. Early Childhood Development Delay (ECDD)<br />A child with a disability related to learning that does not take place because of visual or hearing problems. <br />Basic reading<br />Basic math<br />Comprehension<br />
  10. 10. Specific Learning Disability (SLD) <br />Dyslexia<br />Dyscalculia<br />Dysgraphia <br />Auditory & Visual processing disorders<br />Nonverbal disablities<br />
  11. 11. Severe Multiple Impairment (SXI)<br />Impairments that are so sever that children can not learn using the special learning tools. <br />Child can not be placed in a “normal” class room. <br />The severity is determined by testing the child.<br />
  12. 12. Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)<br />A developmental disorder.<br />Typically appears within the first three years of life. <br />Affects brain social skills<br />Characteristics<br />Communication<br />Social interaction<br />Behavior<br />Sensory and motor skills<br />Types of autism<br />Autistic disorder<br />Asperger's disorder<br />Pervasive development disorder<br />Rhett's Disorder<br />Childhood disintegrative disorder<br />
  13. 13. Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)<br />An injury to the brain not caused by birth. Greatly affects the childs performance at school<br />Two types<br />Closed head injury<br />Open head injury<br />
  14. 14. Deaf-Blind (DB)<br />Use special instruments in the classroom to help their learning.<br />examples:<br />Close circuit TVs, talking books, Braille, personal readers..Etc. <br />
  15. 15. Work Cited <br />Pictures<br />http://www.elements4health.com/software-developed-that-analyzes-mr-images-to-diagnose-alzheimers.html<br />http://www.nei.nih.gov/canwesee/<br />http://people.howstuffworks.com/sign-language2.htm<br />http://wiki.injuryboard.com/help-center/head-and-brain-injuries/default.aspx<br />http://www.maxiaids.com/categories/21/Canes.html<br />Information<br />http://www.bridges4kids.org/Disabilities/MIlabels.html<br />http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0002494/<br />http://www.parentpals.com/gossamer/pages/Detailed/683.html<br />http://www.traumaticbraininjury.com/<br />

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