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Slides on defend, challenge, and qualify argument essay

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Slides on defend, challenge, and qualify argument essay

  1. 1. AP LANGUAGE AND COMPOSITION Being a Critical Reader TYPES OF ESSAYS ANALYZE THE WRITING STYLE DEFEND, CHALLENGE OR QUALIFY EVALUATION OF ARGUMENT TONE SYNTAX VOICE DICTION IMAGERY
  2. 2. DEFEND, CHALLENGE, OR QUALIFY <ul><li>SUPPORT </li></ul><ul><li>ARGUE </li></ul><ul><li>VALIDATE </li></ul>
  3. 3. DEFEND <ul><li>WHEN YOU WRITE, SUPPORT WHAT THE AUTHOR IS TRYING TO SAY </li></ul><ul><li>FIND A MINIMUM OF 3 SPECIFIC REASONS THAT “PROVE” YOUR DEFENSE </li></ul><ul><li>USE QUOTATIONS IN YOUR ESSAY </li></ul><ul><li>LOGICALLY EXPLAIN WHY THE AUTHOR’S WORDS ARE VALID </li></ul>
  4. 4. CHALLENGE <ul><li>AFTER READING THE ESSAY, DETERMINE THE REASON(S) WHY YOU DON’T AGREE WITH THE AUTHOR </li></ul><ul><li>FIND SPECIFIC CITATIONS THAT YOU ARE CHALLENGING </li></ul><ul><li>EXPLAIN YOUR ASSERTATIONS </li></ul><ul><li>CONSIDER PROVIDING A BETTER ARGUMENT </li></ul>
  5. 5. QUALIFY <ul><li>DEFEND </li></ul><ul><li>VALIDATE THE AUTHOR’S POINTS THAT MAKE SENSE TO YOU </li></ul><ul><li>FIND EVIDENCE </li></ul><ul><li>EXPLAIN WHY IT IS REASONABLE TO SUPPORT THESE STATEMENTS </li></ul><ul><li>CHALLENGE </li></ul><ul><li>ARGUE THE POINTS THAT YOU DON’T SEEM LOGICAL TO YOU </li></ul><ul><li>FIND EVIDENCE </li></ul><ul><li>PROVIDE AN EXPLANATION PROVING YOUR POSITION </li></ul>

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