Jackie RobinsonHero: On and Off the Field1Jackie Robinson: Hero On and Off the FieldBy Wendy LyleMultigenre Research ProjectREAD 680Dr. Al-HazzaSummer 2013
Jackie RobinsonHero: On and Off the Field2Table of ContentsIntroduction 3Timeline:Important Events in the life of Jackie Robinson(Informational) 6Collage:Pictures of Jackie (Visual Display) 7Poster:NAACP (Visual With Words) 8Poem:A Hero Named Jackie (Creative Writing) 9Obituary:Jackie – Humble Beginning, Remarkable Ending (Print Media) 10Conclusion 11References 13
Jackie RobinsonHero: On and Off the Field3Introduction:Jackie Roosevelt Robinson was born on January 31, 1919 in Cairo, Georgia. He is theyoungest of five children who were raised by his single mother. They relocated to Pasadena,California where Robinsongrew up and became an excellent athlete playing four sports.Robinson played football, basketball, track and baseball. He attended John Muir High SchoolthenPasadena Junior College and was named the region’s Most Valuable player in baseball in1938. Robinson was encouraged by many to pursue his love for athletics but his biggestinspiration happened to be his brother, Mack Robinson, who won a silver medal in the 200-meterdash- just behind Jesse Owens- at the 1936 Olympic Games in Berlin.With his family’s blessing, Jackie continued to show his athletic abilities while attendingthe University of California, Los Angeles, where he became the university’s first student to winvarsity letters in four sports. In 1941 however Robinson left college to support his mother due tofinancial hardship. Jackson was quoted saying,“After two years at UCLA, I decided to leave. I was convinced that no amount ofeducation would help a black man get a job. I felt I was living in an academic andathletic dream world. It seemed very necessary for me to relieve some of my mother’sfinancial burdens even though I knew it had always been her dream to have me finishcollege.”He began playing semi-professional football with the Los Angeles Bulldogs of the Pacific CoastLeague and then with the Honolulu Bears for a season after moving to Hawaii. His days ofplaying football were cut short when the United States entered into World War II.From 1942 to 1944, Robinson served as a lieutenant in the United States Army. While inthe army Robinson was arrested during boot camp after he refused to move to the back of a
Jackie RobinsonHero: On and Off the Field4segregated bus during training. This would prove to be his first stand for racial equality, a signof the courage and impact that Robinson would have in major league baseball and Americansociety today. He was later acquitted of the charges and received an honorable discharge.After his discharge from the Army in 1944, Robinson began to play professional baseballin the Negro Leagues. A year later, October 1945, Branch Rickey, then president of theBrooklyn Dodgers, singed Robinson to play for the all-white Montreal Royals, a Brooklyn farmclub in the International League. Despite several incidents of racial abuse Robinson had a greatstart with the Royals. He lead the International League with a .349 batting average and .985fielding percentage. Robinson, the first African-American in that league, excelled as a secondbaseman and won the league batting crown.His excellent years with the Royals led to his promotion to the Dodgers. His debut gamewas on April 15, 1947. This marked the first time an African-American athlete played in themajor leagues. There were many who protested Robinson’s position on the team. As he played,opposing teams shouted derogatory terms from their dugout and many players threatened not toplay against the Dodgers. Even Robinson’s own teammates threatened to sit out. But theDodgers manager Leo Durocher remained loyal to Robinson, informing the team that he wouldtrade them rather than Robinson. This loyalty set the tone for the rest of Robinson’s career withthe team.Robinson was a hero on the field by succeeding in putting the prejudice and racialconflict aside. He showed everyone what a talented player he was by hitting 12 home runs andhelping the Dodgers win the National League pennant during his first year on the team. Thatsame year Robinson led the National League in stolen bases and was selected as Rookie of theYear. He continued his success for years earning the National League’s Most Valuable Player
Jackie RobinsonHero: On and Off the Field5Awards during the 1949 season as well as leading in stolen basses that same year. He becamethe highest paid athlete in Dodgers history, opening the door for other African-American players.Robinson also became a vocal champion for African-American civil rights and othersocial and political causes. In July 1949, he testified on discrimination before the House Un-American Activities Committee. In 1952, he publically called out the Yankees as a racistorganization for not having broken the color barrier five years after he began playing with theDodgers. He became active in business and continued his work for social change long afterbaseball. He helped establish the Freedom National Bank in Harlem because he thought blackpeople should have a financial institution of their own. At that time the bank was the largestblack owned and operated bank in New York State.Robinson became the first African Americanto be inducted into the Baseball Hall of fame in 1962. He served on the board of the NAACPuntil 1967 and continued to lobby for greater integration in sports. In 1972, the Dodgers retiredhis uniform number of 42.Robinson died from heart problems and diabetes complications on October 24, 1972, inStanford, Connecticut. He was survived by his wife, Rachel and two of their three children.After his death, his wife established the Jackie Robinson Foundation dedicated to honoring is lifeand work. The foundation continues to help young people in need by providing scholarships andmentoring programs.
Jackie RobinsonHero: On and Off the Field6Timeline: Events in the life of Jackie Robinson
Jackie RobinsonHero: On and Off the Field7Collage:
Jackie RobinsonHero: On and Off the Field8Poster:
Jackie RobinsonHero: On and Off the Field9Poem:A hero named JackieBorn to sharecroppers in Cairo, GeorgiaOn his way to changing baseball,even America but didn’t know itBasketball, baseball, football, track, all conqueredNo match to his skill, he could have chosen anyDestiny choose his craft, opposition to racism, full of hopeRacial taunts, bean balls, death threats dailyStill no walking away, finished better than the restMVP, Rookie of the Year, World Series, Hall of FameBreaking Barriers, soundlessly paving the wayChanged America by changing its gameHumble beginnings, magnificent endingA Hero named Jackie
Jackie RobinsonHero: On and Off the Field10Obituary:Jackie – Humble Beginning, Remarkable EndingJackie Roosevelt Robinson, the first blackbaseball player in the major leagues, passed awayon October 24, 1972 from a heart attack at his homein Stamford, Conn. He was 53 years old.Robinson was an all-round athlete in collegeand later the star infielder of the Brooklyn Dodgers,he became the pioneer for a generation of blacks inmajor professional sports after World War II. His skillandaccomplishments resulted in the acceptance ofblacksathletes in American sports.Robinson received many awards and accoladesfor his great athletic skills and abilities. In 1947 hehelped the Dodgers win the National League Pennant.That same year he led the National League in stolenbases and was selected as Rookie of the Year. Duringthe 1949 season he earned the National League’s MostValuable Player Award. In 1955 he helped the Dodgersachieve the ultimate victory: the World Series. He wasthe first African-American to be inducted into theBaseball Hall of Fame in 1962. Robinson’s quietdetermination will forever be remembered.Robinson is predeceased by his oldest son, JackieRobinson Jr. He leaves to cherish his memories hisbeloved wife, Rachel, a fellow student at UCLA whomhe married in 1946, a son David; a daughter Mrs. SharonMitchell; a sister Mrs. Willie Mae Walker, and twobrothers, Mack and Edgar all of Pasadena Calif.A funeral service will be held Friday at noonat the Riverside Church, Riverside Drive and 122ndSt.Visiting hours will be from noon to 9pm at the churchon Thursday.
Jackie RobinsonHero: On and Off the Field11ConclusionWhen I first started this assignment, I was very interested in finding a topic that I didn’tknow much about. I first wanted to explore several places such as ancient Mali or China but didnot experience the eagerness or focus that I needed. Then when looking at the list of famousAmericans that the 3rdgrade students studied this year, Jackie Robinson’s name stood out on thepage. Yes, I’ve heard of Robinson and knew the basic facts about him being the first African-American baseball player to play in the major leagues. However I’d yet to really know muchinformation about his life story.Once I began my research, I realized that there was so much about Robinson that I didnot know and I am so glad to have had the experience of sharing his life through so many genresof literature. Finding pictures from that time period and articles about his life really put intoperspective the changes that African-Americans had to go through to earn respect and live a safelife for their families. I am very proud of the accomplishments of Robinson on a personal levelas well. Being an African American, growing up I’d listen to stories told by my grandmother,uncles and aunts about segregation. I get emotional thinking out how people black people weretreated and wonder if I could endure such treatment today. It took great courage to take a standfor equality and I hope that children today can truly appreciate all that was done to pave the wayfor their current success.This project would be great to use for future classroom activities. I particularly enjoyedcreating visuals such as collages and posters. It provides different ways for students to show thatthey know the content as well as challenges them to think creatively. When writing a poemabout Jackie Robinson I was at first very apprehensive. I reread the literature on him over andover, looking for a place to start. Not sure how to start I just wrote down my thoughts and
Jackie RobinsonHero: On and Off the Field12become very amazed with how well lines of the poem came together. I have not written a poemin years! This is why I choose this activity. I wanted to be challenged so I actually researchedtypes of poems and read selections from many different authors. When I stumbled across poemswith no rhyme, I thought this would be great! I am very pleased with the outcome and have anew appreciation for poets finding myself wanting to read more poetry. Being able to have achoice in my activities was an added bonus. I believe that having a choice provided the intrinsicmotivation needed to produce quality work. I will definitely be sharing these activities with theteachers at my school in the fall.
Jackie RobinsonHero: On and Off the Field13References:Ford, C. (2006). Heroes of American history: Jackie Robinson. (p. 19). Berkeley Heights, NJ:Enslow Publishers, Inc.Gomez, R. (2003). Jackie Robinson. Edina, Minnesota: ABDO Publishing Company.Frost, H. (2004). Lets meet Jackie Robinson. Philadelphia: Chelsea House Publishers.Sexton, C. (2008). Jackie Robinson: A Life of Determination. Bellwether Media.Jackie Robinson:Biography. (2012, May 16). Retrieved June 15, 2013 fromhttp://www.biography.com/people/jackie-robinsonKock, K.R. (2006). What I learned from Jackie Robinson: A Teammate’s reflections on and offthe field: A book review. TEACHING Exceptional Children Plus, 2(5) Article 3. RetrievedJune 15, 2013 from http://escholarship.bc.edu/education/tecplus/vol2/iss5/art3Henry, A. (1999, June 14). Jackie Robinson. Time. Retrieved fromhttp://ehis.ebschost.com.proxy.lib.odu.eduStout, G. (2004). Tryout and fallout: Jackie Robinson, and the red sox. (Vol. 6, pp. 11 - 37).Massachusetts: Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/25081187Kahn, R. (1997). The Jackie Robinson i remember. The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education,No. 14(Winter), 88 - 93. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/2962843Green, M. (2013). Rachel Robinson my life with Jackie Robinson.People, Vol. 79(17), 81.Retrieved from http://ehis.ebscohost.com.proxy.lib.odu.edu