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Ancient Greece
Lesson 5 PBA

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  1. 1. By: Wendy Ji<br />Ancient Greece<br />
  2. 2. Where Exactly is Greece?<br />North of Peloponnesus<br />Surrounded by the Ionian Sea to the West, the Aegean Sea to the East<br /><br />
  3. 3. geography<br />Peninsula; made up of over 1,000 islands Greeks depended on trade and could easily navigate the waters<br />Aegean, Mediterranean, Ionian, and Black Seas<br />Very mountainous land split city-states apart, couldn’t unite<br />Unfertile, rocky soil farmers grew grapes, olives, grains<br />Mild climate year round <br /><br />
  4. 4. Brief History<br />Indo-Europeans came, became known as the Mycenaeans<br />Trojan War: Greece vs. Troy Greek victory<br />Less civilized Dorians later conquered the Mycenaeans<br /><br />
  5. 5. City-states<br /><ul><li>City-states
  6. 6. Ancient Greece was made up of many city-states which functioned as independent political units
  7. 7. Two of the most powerful and prominent:</li></ul>Athens<br />Sparta<br />Military<br />Aristocracy<br />Discipline, strength, obedience<br />Agriculture<br />Education<br />Democracy<br />Individual expression, freedom, art<br />Trading<br />Microsoft Clip Art<br />
  8. 8. Wars & Conquests<br />Persian Wars: Greek vs. Persia Greek victory<br />Peloponnesian Wars: Athens vs. Sparta Sparta won, but wars weakened Greece which led to…<br />Macedonian conquest of Greece by King Phillip II<br />His son, Alexander the Great, takes over after his death and expands his empire<br /><br />
  9. 9. Government<br />Ancient Greece is well known as the birth place for many political institutions<br />Athens<br />City-states each had direct democracies only free men could vote<br />Officials chosen by lot; terms limited to prevent tyranny and to give everyone a chance to rule<br />Sparta and most other city-states<br />Aristocracy : “rule of the best”<br />
  10. 10. Architecture<br />Parthenon: honor the gods<br />Amphitheaters were a popular place to gather; citizens often came to watch plays<br />“Classical architecture”, columns : Doric, Ionic, Corinthian<br /><br />
  11. 11. Mathematics & Science<br />Euclid: discovered geometry; postulates/theorems<br />Pythagoras: Pythagorean Theorem<br />Ptolemy: geocentric theory later refuted <br /><br />
  12. 12. philosophy<br />Plato: <br />True, Good, Beautiful<br />Socrates:<br />question everything<br />Aristotle: <br />balance<br /><br /><br /><br />
  13. 13. Literature<br />Epics<br />Blind storyteller known as Homer wrote two of the greatest epics:<br />The Iliad<br />The Odyssey<br />Poetry<br />Sappho<br />Plays<br />Tragedy and drama<br /><br />
  14. 14. Social Structure<br />Though Ancient Greece’s social divisions were not as extreme as those of other classical civilizations, such as India or China, there were noticeable separations.<br />Slaves utilized for manual labor<br />Family emphasized<br />Women inferior to men<br />Wealth + property = social status <br /><br />
  15. 15. Impact & Contributions<br />Democracy is a key aspect to many nations around the world today.<br />Summer Olympics still take place every 4 years; alternating with Winter Olympics every 4 years as well  unites nations around the globe<br />Poems, stories, and plays written in ancient Greece still are revered today.<br />Philosophic ideas developed in Ancient Greece still taught today.<br />Advances in science, math, and technology<br />Architectural styling still applied to modern buildings<br />Ancient Greece has significantly shaped and influenced modern civilizations.<br />
  16. 16. Works cited<br />Stearns, Peter N., Michael Adas, Stuart B. Schwartz, and Marc Jason Gilbert. World Civilizations: The Global Experience AP Edition. 4th ed, DBQ Update. New York: Pearson Education, 2006. 68-89. Print<br />"Greek Timeframe." ThinkQuest. Oracle, 2010. Web. 23 Sep 2010. <>.<br />"Ancient Greece." How Stuff Works. Discovery, 2008. Web. 24 Sep 2010. <>. <br />Solanki, Parul. "Sparta vs. Athens." Buzzle Web Portal: Intelligent Life on the Web., 2010. Web. 24 Sep 2010. <>. <br />