Inclusive Universe Wendy Chisholm
Stairs make a building inaccessible not a wheelchair
Innovation Inclusion =
flickr: shuffle-art
flickr: cobalt
Inclusion broadens your audience Inclusion
flickr: doyle_saylor
flickr: 13586721@N05
flickr: adwriter
Beauty + Function = Power
flickr: st_michael
flickr: yamagatacamille
P.O.U.R. Perceivable Operable Understandable Robust
Perceivable: Text Equivalents <img alt=”UMBC An Honors University in Maryland” />
Perceivable: Captions
Perceivable: Deaf and Blind
Perceivable: Color
Operable What’s the structure?
Operable Voila!
Understandable Consistent Predictable Reliable
Robust ?
Get involved, solve cool problems
flickr: dirtyf
flickr: mromega
Thank You! Wendy Chisholm twitter: wendyabc [email_address] flickr: oskay
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Inclusive Universe 2010


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Stairs make a building inaccessible not a wheelchair. Our design decisions can create barriers that exclude people or create bridges that support connections. Design for people with disabilities is innovative, empowering and profitable. Imagine built-in accessibility at the alpha release.

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  • I want to give you a sense of the world as I see it. A world designed such that all people no matter our ability can participate in our society. The web is this amazing tool with so many possibilities. It’s already increased the independence of so many people. But there is still a lot of work to do. What inspires you? I’m inspired to create a world that can accommodate a variety of preferences that can accommodate a variety of constraints—whether it be from the environment, from a situation, from a device or from something within a person. Instead of negative or broken…can we look at differences in terms of preferences? It doesn’t matter why you have that preference you have it and you’ve made a request. Can we satisfy that request?
  • It isn’t just a vision about the web or about a technology it’s about society and how we contribute to and connect with each other. We’re all excited about HTML5’s textedit attribute, but that was there in the beginning—the 1 st browser was an editor.
  • Design can create barriers or connections. Including people with disabilities will increase your audience. When those products are also beautiful they will empower your customers. And there’s a good chance that what you do will be innovative. If the way to contributing is blocked by stairs then we lose out. In this economy, we need innovation. I tell ya, this is where it’s at.
  • How many people have an iPhone or Android phone? How many people use the onscreen keyboard? How many use word prediction? How many people use zoom? Guess what? You’re all using technologies developed for people with disabilities.
  • For whatever reason, text appears small to you. Is it that you have low vision or are you looking at a web site on your iphone?
  • fingerworks multi touch? RSI, low pressure
  • In 1714, Henry Mill obtained a patent in Britain for a machine that, from the patent, appears to have been similar to a typewriter, but nothing further is known. Other early developers of typewriting machines include Pellegrino Turri , who also invented carbon paper . Many of these early machines, including Turri&apos;s, were developed to enable the blind to write. “ The concept of a typewriter dates back at least to 1714, when Englishman Henry Mill filed a vaguely-worded patent for &amp;quot;an artificial machine or method for the impressing or transcribing of letters singly or progressively one after another.&amp;quot; But the first typewriter proven to have worked was built by the Italian Pellegrino Turri in 1808 for his blind friend Countess Carolina Fantoni da Fivizzono (as established by Michael Adler in his excellent 1973 book The Writing Machine ); unfortunately, we do not know what the machine looked like, but we do have specimens of letters written by the Countess on it. “
  • How many people would like to make more money? Reach more customers?
  • Market segments. Reach people throughout their lives. Nearly 52 million americans have one or more disabilities. 650 million worldwide.
  • web CONTENT accessibility guidelines. ref to kristina’s talk
  • Everyone seems to know about this one but so many sites don’t provide them. Why is that?
  • Google is a billionaire user who is deaf and blind with tens of millions of friends. And now as of yesterday, google cares about load speed because the longer your site takes to download the more likely a user is to get bored and bail. People developing with web standards have known for a while that using css, linked javascript…not image-heavy.
  • HTML5 should help with this one. with more controls being provided natively, all you have to do is include markup and style it, much of the behavior is built in. Also important to choose 3 rd party javascript libraries that are input device agnostic. Assistive technologies—can assist you temporarily if you have a broken arm or what if you develop RSI? People use a variety of input devices not just because they are “disabled” but because they have preferences for whatever reason.
  • Navigating through forest with no landmarks or through a city without signs. HTML5 by providing more semantic elements will help here, too. Imagine what Ats will be able to do with that, the paths we can create given more semantics…more idea of the purpose of why the author included something. Without headings there is no clear path. It’s like every link is a tree in a thick forest and the path through is unclear. There are no landmarks there is no map, so it is unclear how to navigate through. Headings, semantic structure, these are the landmarks needed not only for people with disabilities but SEO. The idea of “programmatically determined” and knowing more about how the author intends you to move through the content.
  • Once the information gets into someone’s brain giving them the scaffolding to process it. Example of Tami and fonts/color combinations? An area rich for discovery. One of the hardest to tackle. Overlap with the quality of content and how it is written, but couldn’t include in 2.0 b/c not testable. usability vs accessibility…
  • from 2003 something more recent? looking at the html5 spec in 1000 years, what would anthropologists think about our values? digging through the mail archives will they get a sense of the different viewpoints?
  • How do we include accessibility at the alpha release? What about budget constraints? I don’t have all of the answers. It’s up to you to help so that people with disabilities aren’t always at the back of the bus. As designers and developers you’re gatekeepers. Hire PWD. AccessComputing project. 12 interns. Connect with, hire, consult with people 10 disability blogs:
  • Inclusive Design increases your audience, can be innovative and can empower a minority group who is often overlooked. You are the gatekeepers.
  • Imagine if we all focused on what we are able to do instead of what we can’t. What if we focused on how we are similar instead of how we are different? Or what if we focus on the differences, and design to fill the gaps? What if differences were valued? Imagine if canes and wheelchairs and prosthetics were as fashionable as eyeglasses. What would our world look like? How would it be different? Imagine built-in accessibility from the alpha release. Imagine all the people sharing all the world.
  • Inclusive Universe 2010

    1. 1. Inclusive Universe Wendy Chisholm
    2. 5. Stairs make a building inaccessible not a wheelchair
    3. 6. Innovation Inclusion =
    4. 7. flickr: shuffle-art
    5. 8. flickr: cobalt
    6. 11. Inclusion broadens your audience Inclusion
    7. 12. flickr: doyle_saylor
    8. 13. flickr: 13586721@N05
    9. 14. flickr: adwriter
    10. 15. Beauty + Function = Power
    11. 16. flickr: st_michael
    12. 17. flickr: yamagatacamille
    13. 19. P.O.U.R.
    14. 20. P.O.U.R. Perceivable Operable Understandable Robust
    15. 21. Perceivable: Text Equivalents <img alt=”UMBC An Honors University in Maryland” />
    16. 22. Perceivable: Captions
    17. 23. Perceivable: Deaf and Blind
    18. 24. Perceivable: Color
    19. 25. Operable
    20. 26. Operable What’s the structure?
    21. 27. Operable Voila!
    22. 28. Understandable Consistent Predictable Reliable
    23. 29. Robust ?
    24. 31. Get involved, solve cool problems
    25. 32. flickr: dirtyf
    26. 34. flickr: mromega
    27. 35. Thank You! Wendy Chisholm twitter: wendyabc [email_address] flickr: oskay