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Referencing skills


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Referencing skills

  2. 2. WHAT IS REFERENCING? • The practice of acknowledging in your own writing the intellectual work of others; work that has been presented in some way into the public domain. • The basic principle of referencing is to support and identify the evidence you use in your assignments. You direct readers of your work to the source of evidence. This can be done by presenting (or ‘citing’) the name of the source in the main text of your work. The full source is given later in a reference or bibliography list at the end of the assignment.
  3. 3. REFERENCE LIST VS BIBLIOGRAPHY • A reference list contains only those sources you actually referred to in your assignment. So, for each resource on your list, there will be some citation in your assignment. Your marker will check these off as he/she reads through your work. • A bibliography is a list of all the sources you looked at. This list, also attached to the back of your assignment, contains all those books, articles, website, and so on, you cite in your assignment but also those ones you consulted but didn't actually cite in your assignment. • At Covie, assignments should indicate whether a bibliography or reference list is required. If in doubt, check with the teacher.
  4. 4. WHY IS REFERENCING IMPORTANT? • Your assignments are meant to draw on the work of others and correct referencing is expected. Understanding the reasons for referencing and acquiring the skills to correctly reference your writing are vital for success in your written assignments at school, university, TAFE and even work! • There are several reasons for referencing: • To show THAT you have read • To show WHAT you have read • To enable the reader to locate the sources mentioned in your paper • To acknowledge your sources and avoid plagiarism
  5. 5. WHAT SHOULD BE REFERENCED? • books • journal articles • the internet • newspapers and magazines • films and documentaries • DVDs and CD-ROMs • interviews • brochures and pamphlets • television and radio programs • podcasts and YouTube. You are required to acknowledge not only words and ideas, but also facts and figures, sounds and images that you have obtained from all sources including: • tables and graphs, laboratory data, statistics, diagrams, designs and plans, images, logos, photographs, music
  8. 8. AVOID PLAGIARISM • Plagiarism is a serious offence and can damage your reputation. You can be expelled from University and fail assessments at Covie if you commit plagiarism. • Regardless of the reasons for plagiarism (pressure, deadlines, lack of time, laziness etc.), plagiarism is both lying and theft. It is a breach of honour and ethics. How would you feel if someone stole your work and took credit for it? You probably wouldn't like it. So don't do it… • As a Christian you should never plagiarise. • So be smart. • Cite your sources.
  9. 9. HOW TO FIND SOURCES FOR YOUR REFERENCING • There is no point having a reference list if you have nothing but Wikipedia to put down! Wikipedia could go on a bibliography but not on a reference list as you need to be careful in citing it as a credible source – there are much more reliable sources you can use. • A reference list should contain a mixture of reputable websites, books, journal articles, images, films etc that are educationally relevant to the topic.
  10. 10. GUIDED INQUIRY • Guided Inquiry is a process that will help develop your research and information literacy skills. • It is fairly new in Australia but is proving to be a very effective model for students to use both in the classroom and at home. • There are 7 stages in Guided Inquiry: • Initiation – Selection – Exploration – Formulation – Collection – Presentation – Assessment
  11. 11. 1. INITIATION
  12. 12. EDUCATIONAL CRITERIA Y N ANY COMMENTS Y N ANY COMMENTS Y N ANY COMMENTS Is this site suitable for my purpose? Is the content wide enough to suit my purpose? Is the content specific enough to suit my purpose? Is the language used suitable for my reading level? Can I engage in activities on this site? Will this site motivate me? Is the visual material important for me? Does this site allow for differentiation? Will this site extend my learning? RELIABILITY CRITERIA Is it clear who the author or organisation is? Can this author or organisation be trusted? Can the author or organisation be contacted? Has this site been recently updated? Is the site up to date? Is the site reasonably free of bias? Is the site not trying to mislead the user? Does the site link to other reliable sites? TECHNICAL CRITERIA Does the web page load in a reasonable time? Is it easy to navigate around this site? Is there a good balance of text on the page? Are all the graphics, photos, videos, tables necessary? Do all the links work? Is it easy to find relevant information? OVERALL EVALUATION OF WEBSITE USE / DO NOT USE
  14. 14. HANDS ON PRACTICE! • Referencing an essay about a particular person – Martin Luther King Jr * QUESTION = What is the most important legacy that Martin Luther King Jr left behind?
  15. 15. USUAL STRATEGY • What would be your approach to finding information about this person so you can answer the question? • just Google it! • Wikipedia the first point of call! • probably the first couple of sites on Google ………is that all there is to it?
  16. 16. TIP 1: USE LIBRARIES - WHAT DO LIBRARIES HAVE THAT GOOGLE DOESN’T HAVE? • There are parts of the Internet that search engines simply can't see. The search engine's robotic "crawlers" either miss or are locked out of these areas on the Internet. Behind the barriers lie treasure troves of quality information. Collectively this information is called the Invisible Web or Deep Web. • Google, Yahoo and Bing only access the top 20% of the information available on the web. The remainder is either hidden but freely available with the right search tools, or it’s locked behind password-protected websites – found on library databases.
  18. 18. TIP 1: SEARCH THE LIBRARY 1. Library Catalogue – OPAC, Reading Lists, Pathfinders 2. Worldbook online – via Edumate * Login = covie Password = school * Put shortcut on computer 3. Weblinks = directory of educational websites – accessed via Edumate
  19. 19. TIP 2: SEARCH OTHER LIBRARIES 1. Local libraries - Warringah Library Service - Pittwater Library - Kuring-gai Library 2. State Library of NSW 3. TROVE (National Library of Australia)
  20. 20. TIP 3: SEARCH THE INTERNET • Meta-search engines & other search engines • Dogpile Clusty Sweetsearch InstaGrok
  21. 21. TIP 4:USING GOOGLE EFFECTIVELY • Refine your search by using Google Advanced • Refine by domain eg .edu, .org, .gov, • Refine by file type eg. pdf, PPT • These will reduce your results considerably • Try using Google Scholar and Google Books and see what you find
  22. 22. CHRISTIANS AND THE INTERNET • Recognise and rejoice – in the goodness of God and the technologies he has blessed us with. • Discern and resist –the distortions and disobedience as we begin to idolise technology as a saviour-substitute. • Confront and renew - confront web 2.0 and its distortions of the true messiah and do this with redemptive courage. Chris Parker NICE