Teacher Attitude


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Teacher Attitude towards the use of computers in Sonora, México.

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Teacher Attitude

  1. 1. “ TEACHERS ATTITUDE TOWARDS The USE Of COMPUTER ” FONDO MIXTO SON 2004 – C02 - 016 Wenceslao Verdugo Rojas Secundaria General 8 Hermosillo, Sonora, México
  2. 2. Problem of study <ul><li>The integration of the technology in the education is had come increasing in the last years in the schools and homes, diverse studies show as the application of the technology favors the learning, even though also we noticed that in many schools the means classrooms (Computer classrooms) are kept maintain closed for different reasons. </li></ul><ul><li>For effects of this study, it considers that these reasons can be catalogued within the three areas of human development, that is to say, the conceptual one, operative and the affective one. Both first factors are satisfied with the courses that the same Secretariat of Education offers and with the possibility of practicing to improve the area operative with thousand of computers installed in the schools. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Problem of study <ul><li>It is in last factor in where it is considered presents/displays the problems, in the attitudinal area, this is that &quot;it does but the one that wants that the one that can&quot;, and to to seem many educational ones they do not want to use the technology like tool educational or personal. </li></ul><ul><li>We know that other country use to take care about attitudes, but here in Sonora, México, this kind of research is an innovation. </li></ul><ul><li>The study still is developing, but initial results indicate low levels of preference and difference in particularitities of use of six main aspects of the computation and technologies of information. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Problem of study <ul><li>Dimension </li></ul><ul><li>We can see that: </li></ul><ul><li>The computers classroom have a poor use. </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers don’t use the computers as a work tool. </li></ul><ul><li>Students use the computerts to listen music and to chat. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Problem of study <ul><li>For effects of this study factors will be classified in </li></ul><ul><li>External : Allocation of seats, appointments, dowry of computers, service technician, of connection to Internet, among others. </li></ul><ul><li>Internal . The adjustment of the computers classroom, maintenance and promotion of the same one, elaboration of schedules and controls of attendance. </li></ul>This study review the internal factors, because those are wich I can achieve
  6. 6. Problem of study AULAS DE MEDIOS SUB UTILIZADAS EXTERNOS INTERNOS Factores que influyen asignación de plazas adecuación nombramientos dotación de computadoras promoción conectividad otros. mantenimiento promoción elaboración de horarios controles de asistencia otros.
  7. 7. Problem of study <ul><li>Actors involved: </li></ul><ul><li>PRINCIPALS. </li></ul><ul><li>TEACHERS. </li></ul><ul><li>PEDAGOGIC SUPPORT. </li></ul><ul><li>STUDENTS. </li></ul><ul><li>SCHOOLAR SUPPORT. </li></ul>For this study, the teachers are the main cause why the computers room are whitout use.
  8. 8. Objectives <ul><li>Adapt and validate an instrument to assesment towards the use of the computer. </li></ul><ul><li>The objective main it is to know the attitude that manifest the teachers towards the use of computer like instrument of and for education, as well as for its use administrative professional and personnel. </li></ul><ul><li>Besides to evaluate the impact of installation of 730 means classrooms in the establishments of basic education in state of Sonora, México. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Methodology <ul><li>Because the hypothesis that &quot;Most of educational they lack a positive attitude towards the use of the computers like educational or personal tool &quot;, asked for to the Center of Educative Technology the support for accomplishment of this study, reason why two thousand copies reproduced of measuring instrument, which was distributed in 30 enrolled centers to program Scholastic Network of this state, and evaluates: </li></ul><ul><li>1. The attitude towards the use of the computers. </li></ul><ul><li>2. The disposition with respect to the academic work. </li></ul><ul><li>3. The profile of the teacher. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Methodology The tendency to use the computers. 5. Acceptance The perception of the benefit of the student when using computers. 4. Student The attitude towards the use of the electronic mail. 3. Email The tendency to avoid the use of computers. 2. To avoid The attitude towards the work with computers. 1. Work ATTITUDE That they explain By means of sub variables The study evaluates
  11. 11. Methodology <ul><li>The attitudes are not susceptible of direct observation but that are of to be inferred of the verbal expressions or the observed conduct. This indirect measurement is made by means of scales in which starting off of a series of affirmations, proposals or judgments, on which individuals show their opinion, the attitudes are deduced or inferred. </li></ul><ul><li>For it, instrument TAC 3 adapted to the context.2b, a questionnaire elaborated by the Center of Educative Technology of Texas (Knezek and Christensen, 1998) that it measures the attitude of the professors towards computation, with acceptable measures of trustworthiness by test retest in same instrument, Split-halves and Alpha de Cronbach as one is in results, in addition analysis of rotation factors was applied to him, being that this instrument is a tool valid and reliable to explore and to obtain scores of the attitude of the educational ones towards the computation, in addition it successfully obtains information of the profile of the educational one made up of sex, center of work, age, level of Magisterial Race, labor security, academic level and antiquity. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Methodology <ul><li>The variables in the following factors were also moderate of attitude of the educational one towards the computers, composed by experience with computers, educational and personal use of computers, received qualification, labor use (other activities aside from the educational one), evasion of its use, use of email, benefit for the study and acceptance. </li></ul><ul><li>Surveys were sent to 2000 professors of 30 establishments of education basic enrolled in the program of Scholastic Network, sending an amount proportional of instruments as it shows each school. They occurred instructions to the directors of the establishments so that they assigned at random questionnaires to the educational ones with the possibility that this last instruction it has not been made under the concept of statistical chance. When distributing and collecting the instruments in two stages, were captured, processed and interpreted, from diverse approaches, techniques, statistics and, of course, points of view. design of the investigation is nonexperimental of corelational cross section. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Methodology <ul><li>The study universe is conformed by educational in that they share the only characteristic to toil in a center of work of basic education of the state that is enrolled to the program of Scholastic Network. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Discussion of the results <ul><li>They are two factor involved here, first, the instrument’s compilation are so slow, and second, the author (I), have to work double time. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Discussion of the results <ul><li>We can see that teacher manifest a good attitude towards the use of the computers, but we have to take care of the “social acceptance” answers. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Discussion of the results <ul><li>Of such form that the preliminary results practically indicate that no difference between the educational attitude and the educative level exists in which it works, since the coefficients of the first line are not greater of 0.25, this is that it is possible to be considered that in terms of this study, the professors of primary they basically have the same attitude that those of secondary. </li></ul><ul><li>On the other hand, yes is a weak negative correlation between age of educational and the taste by the use of the computers; reinforcing previous it appears a positive relation between the age of educational and the attempt to do without the computers. </li></ul><ul><li>As far as the sort, are not differences, but it is possible to be considered the reflection of a very weak negative correlation between sort and the evasion of the use of the computers explained like a tendency of men a to avoid its use, since it was codified like zero to masculine one and one to feminine and, as it is possible to be observed, the negative correlation is because to minor score of sort, greater score in evasion. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Discussion of the results <ul><li>With regards to Magisterial Race it appears a peculiar data, even when statistically it is not very significant, the fact to establish one weak negative correlation between the level of Race and the use of the computer in its daily work, that is to say, at greater level in Race, less work with the computer. </li></ul><ul><li>Generally, there are a negative attitude with respect to the frequency of use of the computers, still when 100% of the educational ones belong to schools with means classroom and more of 84% have computer in their house. </li></ul><ul><li>One better acceptance also notices (positive correlation) between which they took to advanced training courses and the work with computers, as well as one much more significant negative correlation between which they took courses of computation and the evasion of the use of the computer, that is to say, to more courses of computation, minor evasion of use of the computer. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Discussion of the results <ul><li>Finally, when taking the scientific concept from which the &quot;attitude it is a state of psychological, acquired and organized disposition through own experience that it urges the individual to react of a way characteristic as opposed to certain people, objects or situations&quot; (Triandis, 1974), and will refrán traditional of &quot;does but the one that wants that the one that can&quot;, we inferred that it is extremely important that the educational ones have an attitude positive towards the use of the computers, separating to us mainly from techno phobia, but also of techno philia, and to give him to the place that to the technology in general it corresponds to him: A tool that will help to us in ours search either to be, or to be and or to live. </li></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><li>Muchas gracias! </li></ul><ul><li>Thank you! </li></ul><ul><li>Mahala! </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>