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Norns

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Final Project for Intro to Mythology

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Norns

  1. 1. Where do they derive their importance and legacy? Nornir J.L. Lund http://de.academic.ru/dic.nsf/dewiki/1029796 Trish Wells Professor Murphy Intro to Mythology
  2. 2. <ul><li>Norse deities who “measure and regulate the fates of all beings” (“New World Encyclopedia”) </li></ul><ul><li>All beings? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mortals’ and gods’ fates alike are determined by Norns </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Among countless individual Norns (each in control of a single life from birth), there are three sisters that are the most widely referenced </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Urd </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Verdandi </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Skuld </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>She represents the past </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Urd’s Old English cognate: Wyrd (Sweyn) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sometimes depicted as old </li></ul></ul>Urd Urd Magazine http://www.jugenstilsenteret.no
  5. 5. <ul><li>She represents the present </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Her name means “that which is becoming” (Spiralotus) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Often depicted looking straight ahead opposed to her sisters who look in either direction (“Goddess A Day”) </li></ul></ul>Nornir (Verdandi) J.L. Lund http://de.academic.ru/dic.nsf/dewiki/1029796
  6. 6. <ul><li>She represents the future </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Her name means “shall-be” or “she who is becoming” (Took) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>She is often depicted as a Valkyrie </li></ul></ul>The Norns and the Tree Anker Eli Petersen http://www.faroestamps.fo
  7. 7. <ul><li>They weave the “tapestry of fate” (“New World Encyclopedia”) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Urd spins the thread of life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Verdandi winds the thread </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Skuld cuts the thread (“Goddess A Day”) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Together, they control an entire lifespan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Urd creates life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Verdandi rules over all that happens during life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Skuld decides when to end the life </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Under the roots of Yggdrasil [the World Tree in Germanic mythology] (Herrera) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They mix water from the Spring of Urd with clay then pour it over the tree to keep it from rotting (“Goddess A Day”) </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>People believed that their entire destiny was at the fingers of the Norns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It was unchangeable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They believed that once spun from Urd, Verdandi had complete control over their lives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They understood that death was inevitable; Skuld would cut their thread when she pleases </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Even gods and other immortal beings will meet their death in Ragnarok [the last great battle between order and chaos] (Herrera) </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Norns controlled the gods’ fates </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Very few cultures in the world hold the belief that their gods are subject to the same destiny as mortals </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Accepting death as inevitable fueled their violent and war-prone culture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Only battle heroes and legends made it to Valhalla where they awaited Ragnarok </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>In art and popular culture </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Norns spin their tapestry at the roots of Yggdrasil L.B. Hanson http://www.taracelebrations.org The Norns b en eath the World Tree Ygg drasi l Lud wig Burger http://mysticalnumbers.com/number3inMythology.html Norns Die Helden und Gotter des Nordens http://www.therockblogger.com Wyrd, Skuld, and Verdande Katie Sweet http://elfwood.com/art/s/w/sweet/norns.jpg.html The Norns Deborah Holman http://redbubble.com/people/debart/art/1277042-2-the-norns The Three Norns www.goddessmyths.com Urd, Verdandi, and Skuld Arthur Rackham http://www.vanadis.is/english/page/norns
  13. 13. <ul><li>Norse themes are popular </li></ul><ul><li>in the fantasy metal music </li></ul><ul><li>genre </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Amon Amarth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ The Fate of Norns” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heavens Dust </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Norns” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Click for music video </li></ul></ul>Fate of Norns Amon Amarth http://issomaniac.wordpress.com
  14. 14. <ul><li>Japanese television show “Ah! My Goddess” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Three main characters are Belldandy, Urd, and Skuld </li></ul></ul>Kosuke Fujishima http://cloverxxkorhz.wordpress.com
  15. 15. <ul><li>The Norns’ importance is derived from their power to control the fate of man and god alike </li></ul><ul><li>The Norns’ ongoing legacy is derived from the ability of the concept of fate to be portrayed in today’s popular media </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Herrera, Bridget. &quot;Germanic Cosmography.&quot;  Germanic Mythology . Beverley Eddy, Aug 1995. Web. 3 Jun 2010. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Hurstwic Norse Mythology.&quot;  Hurstwic . William Short, 2010. Web. 3 Jun 2010. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Norn.&quot;  New World Encyclopedia . Creative Commons Attribution, 29 Aug 2008. Web. 3 Jun 2010. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Norns.&quot;  Encyclopedia Mythica . Pantheon, 27 Dec 1998. Web. 3 Jun 2010. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;NORNS.&quot;  Norse Mythology . Godchecker, 2010. Web. 3 Jun 2010. </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>&quot;Norse Mythology: Gods and Goddesses: Norns.&quot;  Gods, Heroes, and Myth . Nikki Burke, 03 Jan 2008. Web. 3 Jun 2010. </li></ul><ul><li>Spiralotus. &quot;The Fates The Norns.&quot;  The White Willow . White Moon School, 2010. Web. 3 Jun 2010. </li></ul><ul><li>Sweyn . &quot;The Norns.&quot;  Rune-Net . MacKaos Consulting, 2010. Web. 3 Jun 2010. </li></ul><ul><li>Took, Thalia. &quot;Skuld.&quot;  A-muse-ing Grace Gallery . Mary Crane, 2004. Web. 3 Jun 2010. </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;Verdandi.&quot;  Goddess A Day . Word Press, 23 May 2008. Web. 3 Jun 2010. </li></ul>

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