Thoughts about a New Generation ofU.S. Spatial Adjustments and the Implications for        Canada and the Algoma Region   ...
PowerPoint Slides for a Seminar onU.S. GeographyU S Geography, Algoma University          Presentation arranged by:     De...
Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments  Table 1. Five Illustrative Themes, Issues, Movements, Concern...
Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments     1. Increased participation in achieving more self-sustaini...
Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments  Table 1. Five Illustrative Themes, Issues, Movements, Concern...
Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments     2. A demographic and economic activity shift from large ci...
Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments       Although smaller cities and rural areas in general appea...
Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments  Table 1. Five Illustrative Themes, Issues, Movements, Concern...
Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments     3. Significant increases in the amount and share of freigh...
Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments  Table 1. Five Illustrative Themes, Issues, Movements, Concern...
Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments     4. Building a fossil fuel pipeline from the oil sands loca...
Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments  Table 1. Five Illustrative Themes, Issues, Movements, Concern...
Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments     5. Dealing with the negative consequences arising from    ...
Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments     In view of the large amount of re-location that could be  ...
Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments   Figure 1. Implications for Canada of Changes in U.S.   Geogr...
Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments  Figure 2. Implications for Canada of Changes in U.S.  Geograp...
Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments    Figure 3. Implications for Canada of Changes in U.S.    Geo...
Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments  Figure 4. Implications for Canada of Changes in U.S.  Geograp...
Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments  Figure 5. Implications for Canada of Changes in U.S.  Geograp...
Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments  Figure 6. Implications for Canada of Changes in U.S.  Geograp...
Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments Table 2. Several Important Geographic Concepts, Factors, and  ...
Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments   Important Message from the Maps for Canada?   Since Canada’s...
Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments     Figure 7. Implications for SSM and Algoma of     Changes i...
Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments   Figure 8. Implications for Algoma of Changes in   U.S. Geogr...
Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial AdjustmentsTable 3. Important Geographic Concepts & Interaction Measures i...
Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments   Important Message from Maps 7-8 for SSM and   District of Al...
Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments   Concluding Thoughts    Fi     Five topics are used to illus...
Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments     And, I further suggest that maps of this nature have a ke...
Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments      In the event that the high need to know levels of       ...
Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments   Acknowledgement    Dr. Nairne Cameron prepared the graphics...
Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments    Barry Wellar Bio-Note       Dr.       Dr Barry Wellar is Pr...
Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial AdjustmentsHis recent public presentations include “Geographic Factorsas a...
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Thoughts about a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments and the Implications for Canada and the Algoma Region

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Thoughts about a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments and the Implications for Canada and the Algoma Region

  1. 1. Thoughts about a New Generation ofU.S. Spatial Adjustments and the Implications for Canada and the Algoma Region Dr. Barry Wellar, MCIP y , Professor Emeritus University of Ottawa, Distinguished Research Fellow, T Di ti i h dR h F ll Transport A ti Canada, t Action C d Policy and Research Advisor Federation of Urban Neighbourhoods, Principal, Wellar Consulting Inc. wellarb@uottawa.ca wellarconsulting.com wellarconsulting com Page 1
  2. 2. PowerPoint Slides for a Seminar onU.S. GeographyU S Geography, Algoma University Presentation arranged by: Department of Geography & Geology, Algoma University Sault Ste. Marie Ontario Ste Marie, September 12, 2011 Page 2
  3. 3. Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments Table 1. Five Illustrative Themes, Issues, Movements, Concerns, Problems, Trends, etc., Regarding U.S. Spatial Adjustments 1. Increased participation in achieving more self-sustaining communities. 2. 2 A demographic and economic activity shift from large cities to smaller cities and towns. 3. Significant increases in the amount and share of freight moved by rail and significant d i ifi t decreases in the amount and share of freight moved by truck. i th t d h f f i ht db t k 4. Building a fossil fuel pipeline from the oil sands location in Northern Alberta into the U.S. 5. Dealing with the negative consequences arising from building “in harm’s way” by limiting/precluding development in high-risk areas. Dr. Barry Wellar 2011 Lecture, Algoma University Page 3
  4. 4. Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments 1. Increased participation in achieving more self-sustaining communities. This theme was popular in principle in the U.S. in the 1970s and 1980s and appears to be back, this time seemingly with pp gy considerable support. Challenges that arise include resolving issues about the means and mechanisms that affect how more self-sustaining communities are to be achieved in practice, and the location and timing of public sector initiatives to promote and support g p p pp achieving more self-sustaining communities in different kinds of social, economic, environmental, and geographic situations. Dr. Barry Wellar 2011 Lecture, Algoma University Page 4
  5. 5. Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments Table 1. Five Illustrative Themes, Issues, Movements, Concerns, Problems, Trends, etc., Regarding U.S. Spatial Adjustments 1. Increased participation in achieving more self-sustaining communities. 2. 2 A demographic and economic activity shift from large cities to smaller cities and towns. 3. Significant increases in the amount and share of freight moved by rail and significant d i ifi t decreases in the amount and share of freight moved by truck. i th t d h f f i ht db t k 4. Building a fossil fuel pipeline from the oil sands location in Northern Alberta into the U.S. 5. Dealing with the negative consequences arising from building “in harm’s way” by limiting/precluding development in high-risk areas. Dr. Barry Wellar 2011 Lecture, Algoma University Page 5
  6. 6. Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments 2. A demographic and economic activity shift from large cities to smaller cities and towns towns. The growth of large cities and the decline of smaller centres and rural areas in the U.S. has been the trend for decades. d l i th U S h b th t df d d However, driven in large part by the energy crunch, the collapse of housing and money markets, and the seemingly chronic costs-exceeding-revenues problem being experienced costs exceeding revenues by a number of large cities, questions are being asked about where to locate in order to be closer to or gain better access to sources of food production, renewable energy (water wind production (water, wind, solar), and lower costs of maintaining public infrastructure and services. Dr. Barry Wellar 2011 Lecture, Algoma University Page 6
  7. 7. Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments Although smaller cities and rural areas in general appear to be receiving increased consideration as alternatives to large cities, questions arise as to which centres and regions in particular are best equipped to accommodate new people and new enterprises without encountering the “urban urban problem” themselves. Dr. Barry Wellar 2011 Lecture, Algoma University Page 7
  8. 8. Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments Table 1. Five Illustrative Themes, Issues, Movements, Concerns, Problems, Trends, etc., Regarding U.S. Spatial Adjustments 1. Increased participation in achieving more self-sustaining communities. 2. 2 A demographic and economic activity shift from large cities to smaller cities and towns. 3. Significant increases in the amount and share of freight moved by rail and significant d i ifi t decreases in the amount and share of freight moved by truck. i th t d h f f i ht db t k 4. Building a fossil fuel pipeline from the oil sands location in Northern Alberta into the U.S. 5. Dealing with the negative consequences arising from building “in harm’s way” by limiting/precluding development in high-risk areas. Dr. Barry Wellar 2011 Lecture, Algoma University Page 8
  9. 9. Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments 3. Significant increases in the amount and share of freight moved by rail and significant decreases in the amount and share of freight moved by truck. The road-rail truck freight debate has been around for decades in the U S and will continue to be bounced around among U.S., businesses, politicians, and other vested and competing interests. However, due in part to the likelihood of sharp increases in fuel costs, there is speculation about whether a number of trucking firms in the U S can afford to stay in business That U.S. business. said, questions arise as to whether and how the rail industry could/would modify its operations to handle changes in the amounts and kinds of freight to be shipped shipped. Dr. Barry Wellar 2011 Lecture, Algoma University Page 9
  10. 10. Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments Table 1. Five Illustrative Themes, Issues, Movements, Concerns, Problems, Trends, etc., Regarding U.S. Spatial Adjustments 1. Increased participation in achieving more self-sustaining communities. 2. 2 A demographic and economic activity shift from large cities to smaller cities and towns. 3. Significant increases in the amount and share of freight moved by rail and significant d i ifi t decreases in the amount and share of freight moved by truck. i th t d h f f i ht db t k 4. Building a fossil fuel pipeline from the oil sands location in Northern Alberta into the U.S. 5. Dealing with the negative consequences arising from building “in harm’s way” by limiting/precluding development in high-risk areas. Dr. Barry Wellar 2011 Lecture, Algoma University Page 10
  11. 11. Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments 4. Building a fossil fuel pipeline from the oil sands location in Northern Alberta into the U.S. US This proposition is the subject of considerable debate, including i l di questions about the acceptability or tolerability of ti b t th t bilit t l bilit f environmental impacts from the oil sands sites to the refinery sites, whether the availability of more fossil fuel serves to feed a propensity in the U S to drive private motor vehicles rather U.S. than practicing more sustainable modes of transport (for people and freight), and whether a decision to not build the pipeline would accelerate actions in the U S to accept and U.S. implement an energy diet with reduced fossil fuel consumption. Dr. Barry Wellar 2011 Lecture, Algoma University Page 11
  12. 12. Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments Table 1. Five Illustrative Themes, Issues, Movements, Concerns, Problems, Trends, etc., Regarding U.S. Spatial Adjustments 1. Increased participation in achieving more self-sustaining communities. 2. 2 A demographic and economic activity shift from large cities to smaller cities and towns. 3. Significant increases in the amount and share of freight moved by rail and significant d i ifi t decreases in the amount and share of freight moved by truck. i th t d h f f i ht db t k 4. Building a fossil fuel pipeline from the oil sands location in Northern Alberta into the U.S. 5. Dealing with the negative consequences arising from building “in harm’s way” by limiting/precluding development in high-risk areas. Dr. Barry Wellar 2011 Lecture, Algoma University Page 12
  13. 13. Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments 5. Dealing with the negative consequences arising from building “in harm’s way” by limiting/precluding development in harm s way in high-risk areas. Concerns about the increased severity and/or frequency, C b t th i d it d/ f and/or duration of catastrophic events such as hurricanes, tornadoes, floods, droughts, fires, and earthquakes are the source of arguments about the need for planning and zoning regulations which are less permissive in terms of where development occurs, and more discriminatory (restrictive) in terms of where public monies are spent on infrastructure, infrastructure emergency services, etc. Dr. Barry Wellar 2011 Lecture, Algoma University Page 13
  14. 14. Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments In view of the large amount of re-location that could be involved, involved and the large amount of new development that could be directed away from “harm’s way zones”, questions arise as to where and when this new surge of development could or should occur, bearing in mind the different take-up capacities take up of existing communities, as well as the time and resources required to bring on stream currently un-developed, or under- developed areas which are not within “harm’s way zones”. p y Dr. Barry Wellar 2011 Lecture, Algoma University Page 14
  15. 15. Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments Figure 1. Implications for Canada of Changes in U.S. Geography? Look to Map 1. Atlas of Canada, http://atlas.nrcan.gc.ca Dr. Barry Wellar 2011 Lecture, Algoma University Page 15
  16. 16. Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments Figure 2. Implications for Canada of Changes in U.S. Geography? Look to Map 2. Nairne Cameron using GIS Data provided by NAFTA CEC http://www.cec.org/Page.asp?PageID=924&ContentID=2336 Dr. Barry Wellar 2011 Lecture, Algoma University Page 16
  17. 17. Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments Figure 3. Implications for Canada of Changes in U.S. Geography? Look to Map 3. Nairne Cameron using GIS Data provided by NAFTA CEC http://www.cec.org/Page.asp?PageID=924&ContentID=2336 Dr. Barry Wellar 2011 Lecture, Algoma University Page 17
  18. 18. Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments Figure 4. Implications for Canada of Changes in U.S. Geography? Look to Map 4. Atlas of Canada, http://atlas.nrcan.gc.ca Dr. Barry Wellar 2011 Lecture, Algoma University Page 18
  19. 19. Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments Figure 5. Implications for Canada of Changes in U.S. Geography? Look to Map 5. SSM Algoma Soo Nairne Cameron using GIS Data provided by NAFTA CEC http://www.cec.org/Page.asp?PageID=924&ContentID=2336 Dr. Barry Wellar 2011 Lecture, Algoma University Page 19
  20. 20. Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments Figure 6. Implications for Canada of Changes in U.S. Geography? Look to Map 6. g p y p SSM Algoma Soo Nairne Cameron using GIS Data provided by NAFTA CEC http://www.cec.org/Page.asp?PageID=924&ContentID=2336 Wikipedia (Creative Commons License) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Class1rr.png Dr. Barry Wellar 2011 Lecture, Algoma University Page 20
  21. 21. Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments Table 2. Several Important Geographic Concepts, Factors, and Interaction Measures Illustrated in Maps 1-6. Adjacency Seven provinces (B.C., Alberta, Saskatchewan Manitoba. Ontario, (B C Alberta Saskatchewan, Manitoba Ontario Quebec, and New Brunswick) and one territory (Yukon) share borders with U.S. states. Proximity Many provinces in Canada are actually closer to states in the U.S. than they are to other provinces. Connectedness by air Many cities in Canada and the U.S. are linked by direct flights. Connectedness by land C t d b l d Many cities in C d and the U.S. are linked b roads and rail M iti i Canada d th U S li k d by d d il lines. Connectedness by water Many parts of Canada and the U.S. share water bodies, including the Great Lakes, the St. Lawrence, the Red River, the Souris River, , , , , Juan de Fuca Strait, and numerous other lakes and rivers. Accessibility Travel times between many cities and regions in Canada and the U.S. are less than two hours for flights, five hours driving, and eight hours by rail. h b il Dr. Barry Wellar 2011 Lecture, Algoma University Page 21
  22. 22. Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments Important Message from the Maps for Canada? Since Canada’s geography (economic, urban, human, transportation, resource, etc.,) is intimately related to U.S. geography, it seems clear that if questions are being asked about a new generation of spatial adjustments in the U.S., Canadians would be wise to pay close, informed attention and ask:  What does it mean for Canada?  What does it mean for me? Dr. Barry Wellar 2011 Lecture, Algoma University Page 22
  23. 23. Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments Figure 7. Implications for SSM and Algoma of Changes in U.S. Geography? Look to Map 7. SSM Algoma Dr. Barry Wellar 2011 Lecture, Algoma University Page 23
  24. 24. Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments Figure 8. Implications for Algoma of Changes in U.S. Geography? Look to Map 8. SSM Algoma Al Nairne Cameron using GIS Data provided by NAFTA CEC http://www.cec.org/Page.asp?PageID=924&ContentID=2336 Nairne Cameron using GIS Data provided by NAFTA CEC http://www.cec.org/Page.asp?PageID=924&ContentID=2336 htt // /P ?P ID 924&C t tID 2336 Dr. Barry Wellar 2011 Lecture, Algoma University Page 24
  25. 25. Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial AdjustmentsTable 3. Important Geographic Concepts & Interaction Measures in Maps 7-8.Adjacency SSM/Algoma District is that part of the Ontario border adjacent to Michigan.Proximity SSM/Algoma District is closer to Michigan & Wisconsin, than to Manitoba or Quebec.Connectedness by After a 90-minute flight from SSM to Toronto, flights to a number of U.S. cities can beair made in 2-3 hours.Connectedness by Roads running through SSM/Algoma District connect Michigan and much of the U.S.land-roads Midwest to Northeastern & Northwestern Ontario.Connectedness by Rail lines running through SSM/Algoma District connect Michigan & much of U.S.land-rail.l d il Midwest t N th t & Northwestern Ontario. Mid t to Northeastern N th t O t iConnectedness by The St. Marys River which flows between SSM/Algoma District in Ontario andwater. SSM/Chippewa County in Michigan contains the Soo Locks which enable freight and pleasure craft movement between Lake Superior and the other Great Lakes Lakes.Accessibility Travel times between SSM/Algoma District and many cities and regions in the U.S. are less than four hours for flights, six hours driving, and ten hours by rail. Dr. Barry Wellar 2011 Lecture, Algoma University Page 25
  26. 26. Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments Important Message from Maps 7-8 for SSM and District of Algoma? Since the geography (economic, urban, human, transportation, resource, etc.,) of SSM/District of Algoma is intimately related , ,) g y to U.S. geography, it seems clear that if questions are being asked about a new generation of spatial adjustments in the U.S., the residents, entrepreneurs, etc., of SSM/District of Algoma would be wise to pay close, informed attention and ask:  What does it mean for SSM/Algoma?  What does it mean for me? Dr. Barry Wellar 2011 Lecture, Algoma University Page 26
  27. 27. Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments Concluding Thoughts  Fi Five topics are used to illustrate th ki d of changes that t i d t ill t t the kinds f h th t could significantly affect U.S. geography in the coming decade, and there are likely at least another several dozen that warrant attention because of their potential impacts on Canada, and/or SSM/Algoma.  I suggest that even this small selection of maps is sufficient t th t thi ll l ti f i ffi i t to strongly indicate that spatial adjustments in the U.S. hold major implications for Canada, and for SSM /Algoma District. District Dr. Barry Wellar 2011 Lecture, Algoma University Page 27
  28. 28. Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments  And, I further suggest that maps of this nature have a key role to play in analysing and representing when, where, and how the new generation of spatial adjustments in the U.S. will be experienced in Canada and in SSM/Algoma.  It is my impression that both Canada and the SSM/Algoma area have high “need to know” levels in terms of understanding the forces behind spatial adjustments in the U.S., U S and the implications for Canada and the SSM/Algoma area.  I the event that the high need to know levels of In th t th t th hi h dt k l l f understanding are not in place for Canada, it appears that it would be wise to implement a national research agenda to deal with the knowledge gap gap. Dr. Barry Wellar 2011 Lecture, Algoma University Page 28
  29. 29. Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments  In the event that the high need to know levels of understanding are not in place for SSM/Algoma District, it District appears that it would be wise to implement a regional research agenda to deal with the knowledge gap.  Finally, it follows logically from the preceding slides and comments that maps and geographers have central roles to play in both the national research agenda and in the agenda, research agenda developed and implemented for SSM/Algoma District. Dr. Barry Wellar 2011 Lecture, Algoma University Page 29
  30. 30. Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments Acknowledgement  Dr. Nairne Cameron prepared the graphics and the PowerPoint slides. Her contribution to the presentation is most appreciated. ost app ec ated  And, I also express appreciation to the sources of the base maps used by Dr Cameron. Dr. Cameron Dr. Barry Wellar 2011 Lecture, Algoma University Page 30
  31. 31. Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial Adjustments Barry Wellar Bio-Note Dr. Dr Barry Wellar is Professor Emeritus University of Ottawa Emeritus, Ottawa, Distinguished Research Fellow, Transport Action Canada, Policy and Research Advisor, Federation of Urban Neighbourhoods, and President, Wellar Consulting Inc. He is a Registered Professional Planner in Ontario, and a Member of the Canadian Institute of Planners. Dr. Wellar is the author of more than 100 papers in the transportation- p p p land use domain, and has received the Anderson Medal and the Ullman Award for his internationally recognized achievements in applied transportation research, and the Horwood Award for his research and leadership in the field of urban and regional information systems. In addition, he has received the Service to Government and Business Award f A d from th Canadian Association of Geographers. the C di A i ti fG h Dr. Barry Wellar 2011 Lecture, Algoma University Page 31
  32. 32. Thoughts About a New Generation of U.S. Spatial AdjustmentsHis recent public presentations include “Geographic Factorsas a Core Element of Sustainable Transport Best Practices inMetropolitan Regions in Canada” (A il 2007 in SanM t lit R i i C d ” (April i SFrancisco), “Sustainable Transport by Design or by Default?Either Way, the Wasteful Ride is Over” (November 2007 inBelfast),Belfast) and Transportation: Inspiring a Sustainability ActionAgenda (May 2011, Ottawa).Information about Dr. W ll ’ academic, research, publicI f ti b t D Wellar’s d i h bliservice, community service, and consulting activities andproductions can be found at various websites, includingwellarconsulting.com, transport2000.ca, slideshare.net,wellarconsulting com transport2000 ca slideshare neturbanneighbourhoods.ca, urisa.org., andhttp://www.geomatics.uottawa.ca/ In addition, a Google searchfor B. Wellar and Barry Wellar will yield a number of results B results. Dr. Barry Wellar 2011 Lecture, Algoma University Page 32

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