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Rise of smart mobility part 1 - rise of smart mobility era

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Rise of smart mobility part 1 - rise of smart mobility era

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Rise of smart mobility part 1 - rise of smart mobility era

  1. 1. The Rise of Smart Mobility Era – Part 1 The Rise of the Smart Mobility Era William El Kaim – May 2015
  2. 2. This Presentation is part of the Enterprise Architecture Digital Codex http://www.eacodex.com/Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 3
  3. 3. Read the Companion Article on SKIFT Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 4Access the Article
  4. 4. Lisez l’article associé à cette presentation sur TOM Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 5Accès à l'article
  5. 5. Plan • The travel industry’s growth is correlated to GDP • A new urbanized and connected world • 21st Century Is The Era Of Cities • Conquering the last mile • Smart mobility providers for crowded cities • The rise of smart mobility aggregators • The start of a Mobility era Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 6
  6. 6. The travel industry’s growth is correlated to GDP Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 7
  7. 7. Population Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 8
  8. 8. Population Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 9
  9. 9. Population Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 10
  10. 10. In 2013 The Combined GDP Of Poor Nations Became Greater Than The Rich Ones Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 11
  11. 11. GDP Forecast http://money.cnn.com/news/economy/world_economies_gdp/ Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 12
  12. 12. World GDP Economic Centre Of Gravity Move To The East and To The South Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 13
  13. 13. The Travel Industry’s Growth Is Correlated To GDP • If world GDP increases by 1%, then air traffic generally increase by 1.3%. • It is estimated that the price elasticity of passenger air traffic is around -0.6 at world level; that means that if the average ticket price decreases by 1% then air traffic to increase by 0.6% Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 14
  14. 14. Travel Industry Growth • the travel industry would grow 5.4% per annum for the next 10 years, outstripping global GDP. • By 2023 the total share of global outbound expenditure is predicted to reach 20%, up from 1% in 2005. • Elsewhere, Brazil, India, Russia, Turkey and Indonesia were cited as the markets with the biggest potential for growth. • Chinese travelers to U.S. will rise about 140% in next 4-5 years, India 54%, Colombia 56%, Brazil 50%! Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 15
  15. 15. Middle Class Growing Source: Kharas and Gertz, Airbus Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 16
  16. 16. Middle Class Growing Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 17
  17. 17. A new urbanized and connected world Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 18
  18. 18. World Urban Population Source: UN Population Division, Airbus Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 19
  19. 19. Top Ten Urbanized Countries Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 20
  20. 20. Propensity To Travel And Urbanization Are Correlated Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 21
  21. 21. 21st Century Is The Era Of Cities Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 22
  22. 22. Rise of Megacities While the world total population will increase from 7 to 8.3 billion people in 2030, the urbanization growth rate is expected to be 2 % per year, representing 60 % of the world population or 5 billion people in 2030 Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 23
  23. 23. The Global South’s Rising Megacities: A Challenge to Urban Living http://www.southerninnovator.org/ Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 24
  24. 24. Megacities With More Than 10M People Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 25
  25. 25. USA Mega Regions Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 26
  26. 26. Connecting MegaCities is Key Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 27
  27. 27. Airport Growth Is Correlated To Population Growth • “If the 20th Century Was The Era Of Nations, The 21st Century Is The Era Of Cities” Lee Myungbak, former President of the Republic of Korea. • As the world becomes more crowded, so do airports. • ACI estimates that by 2020 there will be 7 billion passengers arriving and departing through the world's airports. That's the entirety of today's world population. • Airports will be under enormous pressure to accommodate growth. • Airports have evolved as drivers of business location and urban development in the 21st century • In the same way as did highways in the 20th century, railroads in the 19th century and seaports in the 18th century. • At the largest international airports passenger terminals are morphing into luxury shopping malls and artistic and recreational venues, as well as locations to exchange knowledge and conduct business. Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 28
  28. 28. Aetropolis Origin Aetropolis was first proposed by New York commercial artist Nicholas DeSantis, presented in the November 1939 issue of Popular Science: Skyscraper Airport for City of Tomorrow Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 29
  29. 29. Aetropolis Vision by D. Kasarda The term was revived and substantially extended by academic and air commerce expert Dr. John D. Kasarda in 2000 • As economies become increasingly globalized and dependent on electronic commerce, air commerce, and the speed and agility it provides to the movement of people and goods, has become its logistical backbone. Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 30
  30. 30. Aerotropolis vs. Airport City (Wikipedia) • Aerotropolis • Airport integrated urban economic region • An urban plan in which the layout, infrastructure, and economy is centered around an airport, existing as an airport city. • It is similar in form and function to a traditional metropolis, which contains a central city core and its commuter-linked suburbs. • Airport city: business or tourism destination in its own right. • is a term for an "inside the fence" airport area including the airport (terminals, apron, and runways) and on-airport businesses such as air cargo, logistics, offices, retail, hotels and even entertainment and theme parks • Total Airports revenues target from non-aeronautical = 40–60%. Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 31
  31. 31. AETROPOLIS The airport city is at the core of the aerotropolis AIRPORT CITY Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 32
  32. 32. Kasarda's Aerotropolis Concept in Video http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Oy3OSm1w-jYCopyright © William El Kaim 2016 33
  33. 33. South Korea Aetropolis Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 34
  34. 34. Panatropolis – Global Hub of the new World http://panatropolis.com/Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 35
  35. 35. Airport City Denver http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5A-xCGyyJmsCopyright © William El Kaim 2016 36
  36. 36. Airport City Manchester http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Dhg5RVBidLk&list=PL04720ABF9DDCD5EF Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 37
  37. 37. Chopin Airport City - Poland http://www.chopinairportcity.pl/en http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=stOugdnJa_8&list=PL04720ABF9DDCD5EF Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 38
  38. 38. Conquering the last mile Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 39
  39. 39. Smart City • Urbanization creating massive and rapid pressure on mass transit systems • 80% of the world’s population will be living in cities by 2050. • A growing urban middle class also creates challenges. • Increasingly sophisticated, and web-connected consumers demand a better customer experience in mobility. • Proliferation of sensors • Smartphones not only create the opportunity to provide services to users, but they are also sensors in their own right and hence rich sources of data. • Sensors are being installed in city to get a more precise vision of its “context” • The need for new business model • Just as contextual mobility creates the opportunity for a better passenger experience and faster passenger flow, it also creates the opportunity for transport service providers to market additional services Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 40
  40. 40. Smart City • The concept of 'smarter cities' originated in 2008, by IBM as part of its Smarter Planet initiative. • A Smart City should have at least five out of the eight “smart” parameters listed by Frost & Sullivan. Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 41
  41. 41. Smart City Principles Source: PWCCopyright © William El Kaim 2016 42
  42. 42. Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 43
  43. 43. Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 44 Live Singapore site
  44. 44. Re-programming Mobility • In lieu of large civil infrastructure projects, transportation systems are increasingly being augmented with a range of information technologies that make them smarter, safer, more efficient, more integrated. • Transformation is now being driven by the private sector. • Companies are investing in infrastructure for mobility on a similar scale, but using very different technology. • All but invisible to planners and citizens alike, new communications network are becoming the most important transportation infrastructure of our era, enabling us to re- invent the how our roads, transit systems, and freight and logistics networks function. • The hidden nature of these new mobility infrastructures – tiny devices in our pockets communicating over invisible radio waves with algorithms running on servers in the cloud – has conspired to conceal the important public policy and planning issues that their mass adoption raises. Source: RE-PROGRAMMING MOBILITY, The Digital Transformation of Transportation in the United States, Dr. Anthony Townsend, Senior Research Scientist; Rudin Center for Transportation Policy & Management Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 45
  45. 45. NYC Bus Performance http://bustime.mta.info/wiki/Developers/Index http://nathan9.github.io/nycbusperformance/Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 46
  46. 46. The End of Travel as We knew it! • End of travel era and the beginning of the Mobility era • People will be “mobile” and Connected all the time (domestic) • People will leverage their context (“network”) as much as possible – social, geographical, financial, health … • People will travel virtually to meet and work with people abroad without risks at low cost • Impacts • Travel will be not be seen anymore as station to station (origin & destination, peer to peer, etc.), or as a Tx or PNR. • The Itinerary will no more a sheet of paper you will print out, but a living data aggregation piece. • The future • Moving towards integrated mobility with a number of new mobility suppliers, and disruptive digital business models. • The "omnia illico" era (Everything Now !). Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 47
  47. 47. Smart mobility providers for crowded cities Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 48
  48. 48. Mobility Player: Leap Transit http://leaptransit.com/site.phpCopyright © William El Kaim 2016 49
  49. 49. Mobility Player: Leap Transit http://leaptransit.com/site.phpCopyright © William El Kaim 2016 50
  50. 50. PADAM – Night Shared Bus in Paris http://padambus.com/Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 51
  51. 51. Meinfernbus http://meinfernbus.de/Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 52
  52. 52. Veniam https://www.veniam.com/Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 53
  53. 53. Transdev http://www.transdev.com/en/multi-modal-offer/transport-modes/Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 54
  54. 54. Xerox Transportation http://www.services.xerox.com/transportation-solutions/enus.htmlCopyright © William El Kaim 2016 55
  55. 55. The Future Of Transport Is About Sharing The 20 largest bicycle sharing systems in the world. Three are in Europe (Paris, London, Barcelona), two are in North America (New York and Toronto), the other 15 are in China. Data: Earth Policy Institute, 2013! Source UrbanTimesCopyright © William El Kaim 2016 56
  56. 56. Audi UNITE • Unite, a car-sharing pilot program (currently only available in Stockholm). • The program allows up to five people to share “ownership” of an Audi via a smartphone scheduling app, which allows all owners to reserve the vehicle, see the car’s location and even check fuel levels. • Aside from the app, owners receive a beacon to attach to their key ring, which electronically tracks personal usage. https://www.audiunite.com/se/service/en_unite.html Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 57
  57. 57. Mercedes Driverless Prototype https://www.mercedes-benz.com/en/mercedes-benz/innovation/research-vehicle-f-015-luxury-in-motion/Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 58
  58. 58. Sharing Company Cars: Local Motion https://www.getlocalmotion.com/Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 59
  59. 59. Sharing Company Cars: Openfleet Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 60http://www.openfleet.com/?locale=en
  60. 60. Alphabet Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 61 https://www.alphabet.com/en-gb/mobility-solutions
  61. 61. Velib’ in Paris France Source: Urban TimesCopyright © William El Kaim 2016 62
  62. 62. CityBike in New York Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 63
  63. 63. ScootNetworks http://www.scootnetworks.com/Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 64
  64. 64. Smart Scooter Smart, the Daimler brand that makes the ultra-compact Smart Car, announced its 5.4-horsepower Smart Scooter Use your iPhone as the console Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 65
  65. 65. Wattmobile : Electric Vehicle at French Railway Stations Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 66
  66. 66. Driverless Car Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 67
  67. 67. Urban Transport Pods • Human operator interacts with the pod using a touchscreen in the windshield. • Swipe to select a destination, and use the built-in wireless hotspot to connect your gadgets. • The pod operates on its own, showing its current route. Already being used in Masdar City in Abu Dhabi and at the London Heathrow airport, but both are used in tightly controlled areas. LUTZ is a system of driverless cars, or pods, that will be deployed in Milton Keynes, a town northeast of London Video Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 68
  68. 68. Hitachi's ROPITS tablet-controlled, self-driving urban vehicle Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 69
  69. 69. The rise of smart mobility aggregators Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 70
  70. 70. The rise of smart mobility aggregators • Market will see new players termed Mobility Aggregator (MA) emerged • Entity which offers a selection of mobility services as core business either as standalone providers or through partnerships. Source: Frost and Sullivan Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 71
  71. 71. NS Business Card • 5% of business travelers use the train, while 95% use other modes of transportation, mainly cars, thereby opening up a number of avenues for NS to innovate. • The transit payment system that the NS Business Card employed on a national level, focuses on flexible post-paid payments rather than on a pre- paid system http://www.ns.nl/en/business/products/the-new-ns-business-card.htmlCopyright © William El Kaim 2016 72
  72. 72. Daimler Mobility Services Moovel PlatformCopyright © William El Kaim 2016 73
  73. 73. SHIFT https://shiftconnects.com/Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 74
  74. 74. Mobility Aggregators - Europe Examples … Source: Frost and SullivanCopyright © William El Kaim 2016 75
  75. 75. Ex: Citroen Multicity http://www.multicity.citroen.fr/Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 76
  76. 76. Example: Mu By Peugeot http://www.mu.peugeot.fr/ Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 77
  77. 77. http://www.mobilitymixx.nl/Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 78
  78. 78. The start of a mobility era Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 79
  79. 79. Welcome To The Mobility Era Mobility is about seamless travel using all of the various modes of transportation available rather than relying solely on one transportation mode. Source: Frost and Sullivan Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 80
  80. 80. Key Resources • Genius presentation by Frost & Sullivan’s • Future of Mobility—New Business Models, Opportunities, and Market Entrants in Mobility Integration (slideshare) • Future of mobility video teaser (youtube) • Connected World – Transforming Travel, Transportation and Supply Chains, World Economic Forum. • The smart mobility management review. • Re-programming Mobility: The Digital Transformation of Transportation in the United States Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 81
  81. 81. Twitter http://www.twitter.com/welkaim SlideShare http://www.slideshare.net/welkaim EA Digital Codex http://www.eacodex.com/ Linkedin http://fr.linkedin.com/in/williamelkaim Claudine O'Sullivan Copyright © William El Kaim 2016 82

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