香港六合彩

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此事一过,心思又回到周晨晨那里,趁着这时的气氛,香港六合彩东张西望地把香港六合彩偷看眼里。香港六合彩半低着头,一双玉手犹抱琵琶半遮面似的掩着两腮。《Y滋味》心中忐忑香港六合彩不会哭了吧,子允心中忐忑,忽见香港六合彩抬头,脸上带着泪水的笑意在窗光的映照中还趵突泉似的继续。子允闪出急切念头,喂,快侧过脸来对我笑一下。子允眼睛瞄着,心里盼着,恨不得喊出来,快笑给我看看,一下都行,求你了。子允的心思,只要香港六合彩肯对自己笑一下,那就是相逢一笑泯恩仇的效果。也就在这时,周晨晨真看过来了,只一眼,目光逃也似的,脸上所有的笑容却深刻在子允的心坎。子允的身体遭受电击,开始发烫,开始烫到脸上。香港六合彩脸红了,红得眼睛里的一切都发红。香港六合彩不仅觉得这一笑泯去了恩仇,还觉得这一笑是回眸一笑百媚生的最妙诠释。走神的过程中,这堂课也温馨地结束。高老师临走时还看了看子允,子允不好意思地点点头,目送香港六合彩走出教室。依子允的心情,这时叫香港六合彩向老师儿子赔罪都心甘情愿。下课了,子允心里的快活想多留一会都不行。几个男生闹得不可开交,多是说怪话恶心子允,没恶意,子允一笑了之。只在关朔暑学着高老师摇头晃脑说孔子曰,‘恶其事,不恶其人’本老师给你一次机会时香港六合彩才回敬道,你这个官仓硕鼠,有什么资格在我面前班门弄斧啊。关朔暑把剃了青皮的肥脑袋摇得更厉害,我班门弄斧?笑话,要搬我也是孔夫子搬家,怎么说?书多。自己笑过,拍着大肚皮道,懂不懂?书吃多了,满腹经纶。子允捉弄道,是吗?这么说你一定知道书在运输时可使牛出汗,存放时可堆至屋顶的那个成语了?关朔暑顿时满脑袋肥问号,涨得脑门出汗。子允拍拍香港六合彩跟女人有几分相似的胸脯说,汗牛充栋,懂不懂?你才汗牛冲动。子允一楞,捶着脑袋哈哈大笑,这一捶又捶出一句话,告诉你,今天是高老师事先说好让本人配合的,香港六合彩想搞教学尝试。你哪是汗牛,猪头差不多。经过这堂课节外生枝,王峰知道已不需要开导子允。不过香港六合彩却需要子允开导自己,一下课就把子允拉到院子里假山背后,开门见山询问到底发生了什么事。子允经过一堂课的天寒地冻,此时异常清醒。香港六合彩用脚盘着地上石头,有点犹豫,但觉得多一人多一脑袋,自己毕竟属于初来乍到,而且一下子遇到的就是周晨晨这样可心的人,一下子碰到的就是月朦胧鸟朦胧的这般虚幻复杂的情况,想深深不得,想浅又浅不出来,好像隔靴搔痒,不像知根知底的人好知己知彼地面对面解决,可怜自己晕头转向干着急,说是懵懵懂懂明白,到头来依然是绕来绕去的糊涂。刚才周晨晨那个令人兴奋的回眸一笑

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  • 香港六合彩

    1. 1. Information Technology Certification Programs: A Growing Phenomena Chris Rima MS, MCSE+I, MCT, CTT Technical Programs Administrator Southwest Region University of Phoenix
    2. 2. Today’s Discussion <ul><li>Demand for certified professionals </li></ul><ul><li>Impact on hiring, productivity and education </li></ul><ul><li>What certification programs are offered? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>vendor-”neutral” vs. vendor-specific </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How do I get certified? </li></ul>
    3. 3. <ul><li>“ The illiterate of the 21 st century will not be those who cannot read and write, but those who cannot learn, unlearn and relearn.” </li></ul><ul><li>- Alvin Toffler </li></ul>
    4. 4. Technology Certification & Training Career Outlook “ Computer systems analysts, engineers, and scientists are expected to be the fastest growing occupations through 2008.” -U.S. Dept of Labor Occupational Outlook Handbook 2000-01 Edition
    5. 5. Technology Certification & Training Career Outlook “ These occupations are also projected to rank among the top 20 in the number of new jobs created through 2008. ” -U.S. Dept of Labor Occupational Outlook Handbook 2000-01 Edition
    6. 6. Technology Certification & Training Career Outlook “ Employment of computing professionals is expected to increase by 36% or more through 2008. ” -U.S. Dept of Labor Occupational Outlook Handbook 2000-01 Edition
    7. 7. Technology Certification & Training Career Outlook “ Vendor-based information technology certifications are widely sought and considered to be industry standards. ” -U.S. Dept of Labor Occupational Outlook Handbook 2000-01 Edition
    8. 8. Technology Certification & Training Career Outlook “ Professional certification may provide a job-seeker a competitive advantage. ” -U.S. Dept of Labor Occupational Outlook Handbook 2000-01 Edition
    9. 9. Technology Certification & Training Productivity / Employer Demand “ More than 20% of permanent IT positions will remain unfilled through 2003. ” -Gartner Group
    10. 10. Technology Certification & Training Productivity / Employer Demand “ Having at least one Microsoft-certified professional can help decrease IT costs by more than $2,350 per server per year. ” -Independent survey of companies with Microsoft-certified professionals
    11. 11. Technology Certification & Training Productivity / Employer Demand “ Companies with Microsoft-certified professionals on staff can handle 10 support requests per day per IS staff member vs. 7, for companies without Microsoft-certified professionals on staff. ” -Independent survey of companies with Microsoft-certified professionals
    12. 12. Technology Certification & Training Productivity / Employer Demand “ Well-trained employees tend to be more effective and more motivated, and they demonstrate a willingness to stay with an organization longer. ” -Diane Tunick-Morello, Research Director, Gartner Group
    13. 13. Technology Certification & Training Productivity / Employer Demand “ 84% of employers surveyed said Microsoft-certified professionals were more productive in at least their area of certification. ” -Independent survey of companies with Microsoft-certified professionals
    14. 14. Market Overview Source: U.S. Dept. of Ed, National Center for Statistics, and IDC report “Worldwide and U.S. Corporate IT Education and Training Services: Forecast and Analysis, 1999-2004”, May 2000
    15. 15. Who are the Certifying Authorities? <ul><li>3COM </li></ul><ul><li>Adobe </li></ul><ul><li>Assoc. of Web Professionals </li></ul><ul><li>Borland </li></ul><ul><li>Brainbench </li></ul><ul><li>Check Point </li></ul><ul><li>Cisco </li></ul><ul><li>Citrix </li></ul><ul><li>Compaq </li></ul><ul><li>Computer Technology Industry Association (CompTIA) </li></ul><ul><li>Hewlett Packard </li></ul><ul><li>IBM </li></ul><ul><li>Information Systems Audit and Control Association </li></ul><ul><li>Intel </li></ul><ul><li>International Information Systems Security Certification Consortium </li></ul><ul><li>Institute for Certification of Computing Professionals </li></ul><ul><li>Linux Professional Institute </li></ul><ul><li>Lotus </li></ul><ul><li>Microsoft </li></ul><ul><li>Nortel Networks </li></ul><ul><li>Novell </li></ul><ul><li>Oracle </li></ul><ul><li>Prosoft </li></ul><ul><li>Red Hat </li></ul><ul><li>SAIR/GNU-Wave </li></ul><ul><li>SANS </li></ul><ul><li>SAP </li></ul><ul><li>Sun Microsystems </li></ul><ul><li>Sybase </li></ul>
    16. 16. Certification Programs Overview hubs/switches hubs/switches Network Software / Services / Computers Database / Messaging Wide Area Networks / Internet Local Area Networks <ul><li>MCSE+I (Admin) </li></ul><ul><li>MCSE (Administer, Design, Secure, Tshoot) </li></ul>Web Sites / E-Commerce <ul><li>MCIWD (Design, Create) </li></ul><ul><li>MCIWED (Design, Create) </li></ul><ul><li>MCDBA (Design, Create) </li></ul><ul><li>Network+ (Conceptual only) </li></ul><ul><li>A+ (Administer - HW & Client SW only) </li></ul><ul><li>CCNA (Admin, Design, Secure, Tshoot) </li></ul><ul><li>CCNA (Admin, Design, Secure, Tshoot) </li></ul><ul><li>MCSE (Admin, Design, Secure, Tshoot) </li></ul>Client Server <ul><li>Network+ (Conceptual only) </li></ul><ul><li>MCIWED (Design, Create) </li></ul><ul><li>MCSE (Admin, Design, Secure, Tshoot) </li></ul><ul><li>MCIWA (Admin, Secure, Tshoot) </li></ul>Routers Routers
    17. 17. Internet / Web Certifications <ul><li>Prosoft’s Certified Internet Webmaster </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CIWA, CIWD, CIWED </li></ul></ul><ul><li>XML/Java Certifications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IBM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oracle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sun </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>eCertifications.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brainbench.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning Tree </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CompTIA I-Net+ </li></ul>
    18. 18. Networking Certifications <ul><li>CompTIA A+ / Network+ / Server+ </li></ul><ul><li>MCP / MCSE </li></ul><ul><li>CNA / CNE </li></ul><ul><li>CCNA / CCNP / CCIE </li></ul>
    19. 19. Database Certifications <ul><li>IBM DB2 </li></ul><ul><li>Sybase </li></ul><ul><li>Certified Business Data Modeler </li></ul><ul><li>Oracle DBA </li></ul><ul><li>Microsoft DBA </li></ul><ul><li>ERP </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oracle, SAP, BAAN, JD Edwards, Lawson </li></ul></ul>
    20. 20. Messaging Certifications <ul><li>MS Exchange </li></ul><ul><li>Lotus Notes </li></ul>
    21. 21. Application Certifications <ul><li>Adobe </li></ul><ul><li>Borland </li></ul><ul><li>Corel </li></ul>
    22. 22. CompTIA <ul><li>Computing Technology Industry Assoc. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A+ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Network+ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Server+ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I-Net+ </li></ul></ul>
    23. 23. CompTIA A+ <ul><li>Certifies competency of entry-level (6 months experience) computer service technicians </li></ul><ul><li>40 contact hours </li></ul><ul><li>2 exams must be passed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A+ Core Hardware </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A+ OS Technologies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>http://www.comptia.org </li></ul><ul><ul><li>job task analysis, exam objectives, FAQ </li></ul></ul>
    24. 24. CompTIA Network+ <ul><li>Measures technical knowledge of networking professionals with 18-24 months experience in the IT industry </li></ul><ul><li>40 contact hours </li></ul><ul><li>1 exam must be passed </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.comptia.org </li></ul><ul><ul><li>industry acceptance, exam objectives, FAQ </li></ul></ul>
    25. 25. Microsoft <ul><li>Most popular certifications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MCP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MCSE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MCDBA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MCSD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MCT </li></ul></ul>
    26. 26. Win2K MCSE Microsoft Certified Systems Engineer <ul><li>7 courses, 7 exams </li></ul><ul><li>~240 contact hours </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.microsoft.com/train_cert </li></ul><ul><ul><li>job task analysis, job roles, exam objectives, FAQ </li></ul></ul>
    27. 27. Win2K MCSE <ul><li>Job titles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>systems engineer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>technical support engineer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>systems analysts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>network analysts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>technical consultants </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Exams are $100 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>AATC students pay $60 for first two exams </li></ul></ul>
    28. 28. Win2K MCSE Base Salary by Certification Source: MCP Magazine 2000 Annual Salary Survey
    29. 29. Win2K MCSE Effect of Certification on Salary Source: MCP Magazine 2000 Annual Salary Survey
    30. 30. Win2K MCSE Recommended Prerequisites CIT/C100 A+ CIT/C110 Network+ Win2K MCSE (remaining 6 classes) <ul><li>OR KNOWLEDGE OF: </li></ul><ul><li>Computer hardware </li></ul><ul><li>Client Operating Systems </li></ul><ul><li>OR KNOWLEDGE OF: </li></ul><ul><li>Networking (LANs, WANs) </li></ul><ul><li>TCP/IP </li></ul>CIT/M240 Win2K Network & Operating System Essentials <ul><li>OR HAVE SOME WORK EXPERIENCE WITH: </li></ul><ul><li>Windows 2000 Server </li></ul>Entry point Entry point Entry point Entry point
    31. 31. Win2K MCSE + MCDBA Recommended Prerequisites CIT/C100 A+ CIT/C110 Network+ Win2K MCSE (4 classes) <ul><li>OR KNOWLEDGE OF: </li></ul><ul><li>Computer hardware </li></ul><ul><li>Client Operating Systems </li></ul><ul><li>OR KNOWLEDGE OF: </li></ul><ul><li>Networking (LANs, WANs) </li></ul><ul><li>TCP/IP </li></ul>CIT/M240 Win2K Network & Operating System Essentials <ul><li>OR HAVE SOME WORK EXPERIENCE WITH: </li></ul><ul><li>Windows 2000 Server </li></ul>Entry point Entry point Entry point Entry point Microsoft SQL Server 7.0 (2 classes)
    32. 32. MCSD <ul><li>Microsoft Certified Solutions Developer </li></ul><ul><li>4 exams </li></ul><ul><ul><li>C++, VB or FoxPro focus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 core exams, 1 elective </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Job roles </li></ul><ul><ul><li>software engineers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>software application engineers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>software developers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>technical consultants </li></ul></ul>
    33. 33. CIW Certified Internet Webmaster <ul><li>3 certification programs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MCIWA, MCIWD, MCIWED </li></ul></ul><ul><li>http://www.ciwcertified.com </li></ul><ul><ul><li>accreditation, endorsement, exam objectives, job roles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>supported by IBM, Intel </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Exams are $125 each </li></ul>
    34. 34. CIW Exams
    35. 35. CIW Job Roles <ul><li>CIWA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Server Administrator </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Internetworking Professional </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Security Professional </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CIWD </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Web Site Designer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>E-Commerce Designer </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CIWED </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Web developer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Programmer </li></ul></ul>
    36. 36. CIW UoP Courses <ul><li>Refer to handouts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CIWA courses, credits, contact hours </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>CIWD courses, credits, contact hours </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Both are entry-level programs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Experience with operating a computer helpful </li></ul></ul><ul><li>CIWA: 8 LD credits </li></ul><ul><li>CIWD: 6 LD credits </li></ul>
    37. 37. CIW Entry Points CIT/P100 Internet & HTML Fundamentals CIT/P101 CIW Networking Fundamentals <ul><li>OR KNOWLEDGE OF: </li></ul><ul><li>Internet basics </li></ul><ul><li>HTMLauthoring </li></ul><ul><li>OR KNOWLEDGE OF: </li></ul><ul><li>Networking basics </li></ul><ul><li>LANs </li></ul><ul><li>WANs </li></ul>CIT/P104 CIWA Entry point Entry point Entry point CIT/P120 CIWD Student should pass CIW Foundations Exam (1D0-410) or CompTIA I-Net+ Exam (IK0-001) prior to entering here.
    38. 38. CCNA Cisco Certified Network Associate <ul><li>Cisco is the largest manufacturer of Internet and networking hardware </li></ul><ul><li>3 levels of Cisco certification </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CCNA, CCNP, CCIE </li></ul></ul>
    39. 39. CCNA <ul><li>Entry-level program </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prior experience working with computers helpful </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A+ helpful </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cisco Networking Academy Program Curriculum USed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Semesters 1 through 4 curriculum </li></ul></ul><ul><li>4 UoP courses map to Semesters 1-4 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Only entry point is first course </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1 Exam (CCNA Routing & Switching 640-507) - $100 </li></ul>
    40. 40. CCNA <ul><li>http://www.cisco.com/warp/public/10/ wwtraining </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cisco certifications </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Major difference between UoP program and other Schools </li></ul><ul><ul><li>UoP: 148 contact hours, geared to adult learners, outside homework, real world + exam prep </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Networking Academies: 280 contact hours, geared to high school, community college students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Other: 40 contact hours, geared to IT professionals, exam prep only </li></ul></ul>New Programs
    41. 41. CCNA Salaries <ul><li>Average salary with less than one year experience: $55K </li></ul>New Programs Source: tcpmag.com Salary Survey
    42. 42. IT Certificate Programs Typical Course Progressions A+/ A+ Practical Net+ MCSE or MCSE + MCDBA CCNA CIWA CIWD/ED CIW Foundations (CITP100/101)
    43. 43. IT Certificate Programs Level of Difficulty A+ Net+ MCSE / MCSD CCNA CIW Foundations Beginner Intermediate Advanced CCNP CIWA CIWD CIWED
    44. 44. How do I get certified? <ul><li>Determine the certification program you wish to pursue? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use Internet sites, job listings, employer recommendations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Determine modality best suited for you </li></ul><ul><ul><li>online course, self-study, instructor-led </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Research training recommended by certifying authority </li></ul><ul><li>Locate online information from certified individuals </li></ul><ul><li>Study for one certification/exam at a time </li></ul><ul><li>Set timeline for finishing certification </li></ul><ul><li>Set aside time daily to study, or attend class </li></ul><ul><li>Form a study group with others </li></ul><ul><li>Take practice exams </li></ul><ul><li>Register and take exams </li></ul>
    45. 45. Market Overview Source: IDC Report “The Top 15 Worldwide IT Training Providers”, May 2000
    46. 46. Market Trends Source: IDC Report “Worldwide and U.S. Corporate IT Education and Training Services: Forecast and Analysis, 1999-2004”, May 2000
    47. 47. Some Numbers <ul><li>MCP only - 675,000 </li></ul><ul><li>MCSE - 400,000 </li></ul><ul><li>MCDBA - 28,000 </li></ul><ul><li>MCSD - 21,000 </li></ul><ul><li>Cisco Networking Academies - 8,130 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>136,000 students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>50 states, 130 countries </li></ul></ul>
    48. 48. Where to get more information <ul><li>CompTIA http://www.comptia.org </li></ul><ul><li>Microsoft Training & Services http://www.microsoft.com/train_cert </li></ul><ul><li>Microsoft Certified Professional Magazine Salary Survey http://www.mcpmag.com </li></ul><ul><li>Prosoft / Certified Internet Webmaster http://www.ciwcertified.com </li></ul><ul><li>Cisco Networking Academy http://www.cisco.com/edu/academy </li></ul><ul><li>U.S. Dept. of Labor Occupational Outlook Handbook http://stats.bls.gov/ocohome.htm (Click Professional and Technical, then Computer systems analysts, engineers, scientists) </li></ul><ul><li>University of Phoenix http://www.mcse.com </li></ul>
    49. 49. Where to get more information <ul><li>IT Certification (general) http://certification.about.com http://www.certcities.com (links to all vendor certs available) </li></ul>
    50. 50. Open Floor <ul><li>Questions? </li></ul><ul><li>Comments? </li></ul>

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