Paragraph development workshop

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Paragraph development workshop

  1. 1. Paragraph Development <ul><li>Not as hard as this </li></ul>
  2. 2. After this workshop, you should be able to . . . <ul><li>Define what a paragraph is </li></ul><ul><li>Enumerate the elements of a paragraph </li></ul><ul><li>Choose an appropriate topic sentence then come up with supporting details </li></ul><ul><li>Arrange details according to proper order of ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Come up with a paragraph concluding sentence </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is a paragraph? <ul><li>Group of sentences that develop an idea </li></ul><ul><li>It has 5-12 sentences </li></ul>
  4. 4. What’s in a paragraph? <ul><li>Topic Sentence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The main idea </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>located at the beginning of the paragraph </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Body </li></ul><ul><ul><li>supporting details </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must relate to the sentence before </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Summary of information or </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conclusion of the information given </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Steps in producing a paragraph <ul><li>Choose the topic </li></ul><ul><li>Narrow down the topic </li></ul><ul><li>Write down the topic sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Generate ideas/details for the body </li></ul><ul><li>Choose appropriate ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Arrange the ideas in order </li></ul><ul><li>Write the draft </li></ul><ul><li>Revise the draft </li></ul>
  6. 6. Choosing a topic <ul><li>Topic is assigned </li></ul><ul><li>If not, then choose something you know </li></ul><ul><li>Too broad: cannot be contained in one paragraph </li></ul><ul><li>Too narrow: hard to come up with ideas that support TS </li></ul>
  7. 7. Narrowing down the topic <ul><li>Not too general and not too specific </li></ul><ul><li>Example (too general): What is life? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>can write a whole book about this </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>must be explained in 5-12 sentences </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Narrowing down the topic <ul><li>Example (too specific): We breathe in oxygen. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>hard to come up with supporting details about this </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Example (suitable enough): Why I love to go hiking? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Writing the topic sentence <ul><li>Must be written in a complete sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Must be written as a statement: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Why do I love to go hiking? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I love to go hiking because I love being outdoors. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Body: Generating ideas/details <ul><li>Brainstorming: Technique that helps generate ideas. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Think about the TS and write down all relating things that come to mind </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Ideas for the Topic Sentence <ul><li>I love to go hiking because I love being outdoors. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When I hike, I see beautiful sights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When I hike, I get tired and faint. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When I hike, I get a good exercise </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I have a good time with friends I hike with. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I feel accomplished after each hike. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Choosing Appropriate Ideas <ul><li>Pick ideas that are most relevant to the TS </li></ul><ul><li>Not contradict, but support instead </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: When I hike, I get tired and faint. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>This contradicts why I love hiking. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Arranging ideas in order <ul><li>Must arrange ideas in an order that make sense </li></ul><ul><li>Use one important idea after the TS </li></ul><ul><li>Use the less important ones in the middle of the paragraph </li></ul><ul><li>End with another important idea </li></ul>
  14. 14. Example of arranging ideas: <ul><li>I love to go hiking because I love being outdoors. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When I hike, I see beautiful sights 1 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When I hike, I get a good exercise 3 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I have a good time with friends I hike with. 2 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I feel accomplished after each hike. 4 </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Draft: Write it <ul><li>I love to go hiking because I love being outdoors. When I am outdoors, I see beautiful sights. Seeing beautiful sceneries with a friend whom I hike with is amazing. Not only that hiking gives us a good time together, we also get a good exercise as we do it. And so, I feel accomplished after each hike. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Revise <ul><li>After composing the paragraph, look it over and over </li></ul><ul><li>Make changes to make it more interesting and understandable </li></ul>
  17. 17. Proofread and Edit <ul><li>Check for spelling and grammar mistakes </li></ul>
  18. 18. Now it’s your turn to construct a paragraph <ul><li>Subject: ___________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Topic:______________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Topic Sentence:__________________ </li></ul><ul><li>Supporting Ideas: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>_______________ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>_______________ </li></ul></ul>

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