Ecological sustainable: Three elements: Avoid traffic => economic incentives, e.g. intenalisation of external costs for all transport modes, abandon subsidies Reduce negative impacts of all transport modes Use mode with the fewest negative impacts => modal shift policy => slide
Economic sustainable Transport system is important financial burden: 13% federal budget third largest area of expenditure about 50% going into public transportation.
The network is dense. And the timetables are harmonized. Junction stations: passengers profit from excellent conections: major Citys train arrives slightly before the hour and leaves some minutes after the hour: no waiting time for connections Timetable: every hour or every half hour train leaves on the same minutes… (no gaps, passengers know their connections) 265 train lines over 900 bus lines 19 ropeways, 14 funicular railways and 7 boat lines. These numbers do not include several hundred local tramway and bus lines in towns as Zurich, Geneva and Berne.
2.3. markus liechti
Measures for a sustainable transport system
Objectives of a sustainable transport system <ul><li>Ecological </li></ul><ul><li>Economic </li></ul><ul><li>Social </li></ul>
Ecological: Modal shift policy New Rail Infrastructure Heavy vehicles fee Railway reform Transfer to Rail Improve efficiency
Economic: Sustainable financing system Value added Tax Heavy Vehicle fee Fuel tax NRLA Rail 2000 Noise reduction High speed Advances Major Rail- way Pro- jects Fund 20 Billion €