1.3. patrick pype


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1.3. patrick pype

  1. 1. Road Pricing : <br />“Nil Volentibus Arduum” (*)<br />Patrick Pype, NXP Semiconductors<br />(*) If you want, you can !<br />
  2. 2. Who are we ?<br />NXP Semiconductors<br />provides High Performance Mixed Signal and Standard Product solutions that leverage its leading RF, Analog, Power Management, Interface, Security and Digital Processing expertise. These innovations are used in a wide range of automotive, identification, wireless infrastructure, lighting, industrial, mobile, consumer and computing applications. Headquartered in Europe, the company has approximately 28,000 employees working in more than 25 countries and posted sales of USD 3.8 billion in 2009. NXP has a large R&D center in Leuven (campus IMEC, campus Haasrode).<br />Energy efficiency<br /><ul><li>Efficient power conversion / power management
  3. 3. CFL and LED lighting and back-lighting solutions
  4. 4. Energy conservation: e-metering, smart appliances
  5. 5. Electric/hybrid vehicles, intelligent traffic management </li></ul>Connected mobile devices<br /><ul><li>High-speed wireless connectivity and interfaces
  6. 6. Wireless and satellite infrastructure
  7. 7. Mobile and car audio/video and data
  8. 8. Increasing content in mobile devices</li></ul>Security<br /><ul><li>Secure mobile transactions and secure identity
  9. 9. Goods tagging, authentication and tracking
  10. 10. Car safety, security and remote diagnostics features
  11. 11. Radar and (body)scanning installations</li></ul>Health<br /><ul><li>Smart and small hearing aids and headsets
  12. 12. Personal health devices and portable medical imaging
  13. 13. Body area networks based on magnetic induction radio
  14. 14. Biosensors</li></li></ul><li>History of Road Pricing<br /> 1st Congestion Pricing System<br /> Upgrade to Electronic Toll Collection (ETC)<br />2006 Variable pricing based on historical data & real-time traffic flow<br />1986 Combination of traditional tollbooths with ETC<br /> 1991 Trondheim introduces world's 1st use of completely unaided <br /> full-speed electronic tolling <br /> Now 25 toll-roads in-place<br /> Introduction of ETC<br /> 1st country applying single universal system to all tolls in country <br />Systems being expanded with parking lots & gas station information<br />Jan – Jul 2006 Stockholm Congestion Pricing Pilot Project<br />Aug 2007 Full implementation of Congestion Pricing<br /> * Government decided yes after referendum with 47.5 % no – 52.5 % yes<br /> * Traffic passing reduced by 20-25 %<br /> * Improved air quality<br />
  15. 15. Challenges<br />Energy Mgmt. & Billing <br />Environmental care<br />Enhance mobility<br />Ensure <br />safety<br />Intelligent Traffic Management & Road Pricing<br />Emergency Call<br />Hybrid-/ Electric Vehicles<br />
  16. 16. Telematics<br />Public Road Pricing<br />Massive introduction<br />eCall<br />(EU)<br /><ul><li>Allowing 70 % of people to pay less than today
  17. 17. Enabling a fair principle of paying according usage
  18. 18. Creating positive impacts on economy-CO2 reduction and congestion</li></ul>Stolen Vehicle Tracking<br /><ul><li>Enabling emergency call in less than 4s
  19. 19. To save 2500 lives in EU
  20. 20. To save 25.9€ (including congestion cost savings) / year</li></ul>Black Box<br />eCall (non EU)<br />Pay-As-You-Drive Insurance<br />Gradual introduction<br /> Infotainment Services<br />Fleet Management<br />After market<br />Car OEM Market<br />
  21. 21. Eindhoven Pilot<br />June – November 2009<br />
  22. 22. Architecture<br />Road Pricing: Fair Tax for Road Usage depending onDistance, Time, Place and Pollution Car<br />An All Road,<br />GPS based System<br />GPS Satellite<br />SecurePositioning <br />OBU<br />GPS<br />Secure ID<br />Vignette<br />SecureAttachment <br />GSM/GPRS<br />SecureTransfer<br />CentralServer <br />
  23. 23. Tariff<br />Tariff depending on distance, time and place (road type)50 NXP and IBM employees<br />Phases:<br />1. Zero measurement <br />2. Improvement competition: rewards<br />3. No rewards, check impact<br />
  24. 24. Results<br />Conclusions after more than 200.000 kms and 2 Million GPS positions<br /><ul><li>~70% of drivers improved behavior when rewarded
  25. 25. These users showed >16% improvement inaverage cost / km
  26. 26. When reward was removed of all drivers2 out of 3 increased average cost/km again
  27. 27. For commute traffic: users will make trade off between costs and behavior they are used to
  28. 28. User interaction (display) is essential to influence behavior (taxi meter)
  29. 29. The maps should be up to date all time to tax correctly, leads to central map
  30. 30. No major issues in the technology, identified essential requirements:Ease of Use, Robustness, Security, Privacy, Over the Air Updates</li></li></ul><li>Belgium - Awareness Event April 21st, 2010<br />Brussel – Leuven Demonstrator Roadpricing April 21st, 2010<br />SecurePositioning <br />OBU<br />GPS<br />GPS Satellite<br />Secure ID<br />Vignette<br />SecureAttachment <br />GSM<br />SecureTransfer<br />Roadpricing/Mobility <br />CentralServer <br />eCall<br />CentralServer <br />
  31. 31. Belgium - Awareness Event April 21st, 2010<br />Cars driving same direction get warning message and guidance<br />Brussel – Leuven Demonstrator eCall & Car2Car April 21st, 2010<br />GPS Satellite<br />eCall generated<br />eCall<br />CentralServer <br />C2C<br />server<br />
  32. 32. Conclusions<br />TECHNOLOGY<br />INVOLVEMENT OF STAKEHOLDERS<br />ROLE OF GOVERNMENT<br /><ul><li> Feasible – from trucks to private cars…
  33. 33. Low cost – Small size - Low risk
  34. 34. Easy Install
  35. 35. Security & Privacy solutions available
  36. 36. Smoothens path to electrical cars & smart grids
  37. 37. Roles of partners clear – integration & cooperation to be worked out
  38. 38. Public Private Partnerships to be established
  39. 39. User acceptance (!), a.o. via additional government & 3rd party services
  40. 40. Business model to be worked out
  41. 41. Need to make a firm decision
  42. 42. Need for a European Directive towards deployment</li>