Designing mapping databases for the future: UKMap - the next generation - by Seppe Cassettari

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Designing mapping databases for the future: UKMap - the next generation - by Seppe Cassettari, The GeoInformation Group

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Designing mapping databases for the future: UKMap - the next generation - by Seppe Cassettari

  1. 1. 1 TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . Designing Mapping Databases for the Future: UKMap – The Next Generation Dr Seppe Cassettari The GeoInformation Group 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY The GeoInformation Group TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . The UKMap Programme Conceived in 2007 with Edition 1 of the Specification Data capture commenced in early 2008 Announced in June 2009 Edition 1 published in November 2009 Edition 11 to be published September 2013 Initially London captured 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY Extended into other areas, including rural locations First overseas pilot in progress
  2. 2. 2 TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . The UKMap Model Topo Thematic • More than one map layer to accommodate overlaying features • Multiple attribution linked through common UKMap Topo Topo Overlay UKMap Topo Topo Base layer UKMap Topo Points UKMap Topo Address UKMap Topo Building Height Polygon map data Point map data Tables Unique Classification Code (UCC) UKMap Thematic 5k UKMap Thematic 25k UKMap Thematic 100k UKMap Thematic Boundary UKMap Thematic Network 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY references UKMap Topo Ortho UKMap Topo Terrain UKMap Topo Points of Interest Raster data Network TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . The UKMap Principles The idea of multiple map layers tied together by tt ib tiattribution... The strength lies in the attributes: • 265 land use codes in a 4 level hierarchy • 8 land cover type codes • Creates over 1500 combinations for a single polygon 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY polygon Polygons making up a residential property can be subdivided by ‘building’, ‘paved areas’ and ‘vegetation’
  3. 3. 3 TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . The Next Generation • Currently preparing Edition 3 of the Specification • Planned as major step forward in the way we handle complex 3D environments within 2D representations 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . The Problem(s) • How to handle multiple overlaying, but not necessarily inter-connected, features in 2D mapping terms? • How to establish relationships between features and objects that do link? • How to create inter-connectivity through structured attribution? • How to make the data usable in currently available 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY software solutions?
  4. 4. 4 TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . The Problem Canary Wharf, offices andoffices and retail, and the DLR... 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . Mapping something we all inherently understand? 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY
  5. 5. 5 TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . Mapping something we all inherently understand? 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . Mapping something we all inherently understand? 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY
  6. 6. 6 TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . Mapping something we all inherently understand? 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . Six Retail floors, partly below ground 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY
  7. 7. 7 TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . Six Retail floors, partly below ground 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . Six Retail floors, partly below ground 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY
  8. 8. 8 TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . Mapping something we all inherently understand 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . Six Retail floors, partly below ground 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY
  9. 9. 9 TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . Six Retail floors, partly below ground 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . Six Retail floors, partly below ground 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY
  10. 10. 10 TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . Pulling apart the 3D world • Decisions have to be made: • What is considered to be ground level? • Are there features that are above ground? • Are there features below ground? • What are the relative height displacements between features, relative to the ground? • Does one feature, like a railway line, exist in all three levels? • Are there features which connect between one layer and th ? 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY another? TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . Pulling apart the 3D world Offices with connections to an underground retail level and then connected to a station at athen connected to a station at a lower level One object, a railway line , is at ground level, th b i b id 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY then above a river on a bridge and then in a tunnel The blue line is ground surface or Base level. Each feature has a position relative to Base and if not mapped on base is on the ‘Overlay’
  11. 11. 11 TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . Principles to mapping • Determine ground level • This may be variable relative to datum • Map all features at ground level and attribute as the Base layer. • No overlapping polygons and no gaps • Identify all features at different levels above ground and map each independently on the ‘overlay’ layer. • Overlapping polygons permitted 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY • Attribution defines level relative to Base • Add relative height code to denote separation from Base TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . Principles to mapping (2) • Identify all features at different levels below ground and map each independentlyp p y • Overlapping polygons permitted • Attribution defines level relative to Base • Add relative height code to denote separation from Base • Where features in one map layer connect to features in another layer, locate and add ‘Connectors’ • Connectors are small polygons which join features in two or more layers 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY or more layers • Common reference attribution is used to establish linkage
  12. 12. 12 TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . How it works 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . How it works 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY
  13. 13. 13 TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . Cartographic Challenge • The complexity of the mapping presents a number of cartographic challenges. • Multi layer viewsMulti layer views • Dynamic representations • 3D extrapolations • Symbolisation options • Looking for partners to produce experimental cartographic representations of the Canary Wharf database. 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY • Plan to run a competition at the start of 2014 with a significant cash prize to stimulate cartographic innovation TODAY, TOMORROW AND BEYOND . . . Thank you The GeoInformation Group Telford House Cow Lane Fulbourn 1963 – 2013 CELEBRATING 50 YEARS OF THE BRITISH CARTOGRAPHIC SOCIETY Fulbourn Cambs CB21 5HB t 01223 88007 www.geoinformationgroup.co.uk

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