Virtual Server 2005 Overview
Rich McBrine, CISSP
rmcbrine@microsoft.com
Technology Specialist
Microsoft New England
What is Virtualization All
About?       Key Benefits
      Server Memory      Under-utilized processors now
             ...
• 20 early adoption customers with 600 virtual machines in production
  (2000 virtual machines being rolled out)
• Over 12...
Common Scenarios
                   Test/development automation
                   Sandbox environments for increased qual...
Virtual Server architecture
 Guest OS      Guest OS
 Application   Application   
                                Guest ...
Virtual Devices                           Virtual Device Models

                                         440BX chipset wi...
Desktop to Server & Back
   Two products
       Virtual PC 2004: Single proc, up to 16 VMs, 4.3GB Shared RAM, no VM
    ...
Virtual Networking
                                                 Share Any
                                            ...
CPU features in action
           Workload management features
VM                         VM                         VM


...
Memory features in action

VM                        VM                          VM




     Web server              Busin...
Migration – Reinstall then move
data?    1. Install the core OS and
               service packs (a few
 Server        hou...
Physical to Virtual (P2V) Migration
                             Virtual Server Migration Toolkit
                       ...
Virtual Server demo
                     Management
                      Console
                     VMRC Client
     ...
Chicken and Egg?
    Other options:
      Capture a floppy drive
  Create a
 New .VHD
      Capture a virtual floppy dr...
Okay, so I have one, now what?
                                   2 GB
                                  + 2GB
           ...
Differencing Disks
                                        2 GB
                                     + .1 GB
             ...
Oops, I made a mistake
   “Undo” at
    shutdown
   Save
    state, shut
    down, undo, e
    tc…
Virtual Server Differentiators
   100% support for MS OSs running as VMs
       One-stop shopping for support issues
   ...
Pricing and Availability
   Two editions differentiated by scale
       Standard Edition (<4CPUs) – ERP $499 per
       ...
Competitive Costs
                          Single                           Multi-                         Multi-
Guest O...
“Virtual” Next Steps
   Load up Virtual PC 2004 and try it
       45-day eval from
        http://www.microsoft.com/virt...
© 2004 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved.
This presentation is for informational purposes only. Microsoft makes n...
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Virtual Server 2005 Overview Rich McBrine, CISSP

  1. 1. Virtual Server 2005 Overview Rich McBrine, CISSP rmcbrine@microsoft.com Technology Specialist Microsoft New England
  2. 2. What is Virtualization All About? Key Benefits Server Memory  Under-utilized processors now in shared environment  Single point of management  Cut down on sprawl  Reduce costs for aging hardware  Manage one big piece of hardware instead of many smaller  Provides a clean test environment
  3. 3. • 20 early adoption customers with 600 virtual machines in production (2000 virtual machines being rolled out) • Over 12,000 downloads of Virtual Server 2005 evaluation software “We think we will be saving up to $7.5 million over the next 5 years with Virtual Server 2005” -- -Michael Mark, Senior Planner, Allstate "Virtual Server is going to blast this market wide open... I'd expect some large number of deployments by the end of next year -- 100,000 is not out of the question.“ -Tom Bittman, Gartner
  4. 4. Common Scenarios Test/development automation Sandbox environments for increased quality • Test your AD migration steps with a virtual DC • Validate patches against standard images • Evaluate solutions that require multiple servers • Help desk access to variety of supported OS’s • Provide common development platforms Departmental/branch consolidation Multiple applications/services on fewer servers for remote manageability • Rapid provisioning on the fly • Reduce hardware costs • Low provisioning times NT4 Server Consolidation Consolidate NT4 physical servers onto fewer, current servers • Reduce hardware support costs, data center infrastructure demands • Solid, supported migration tools
  5. 5. Virtual Server architecture Guest OS Guest OS Application Application   Guest OS:host CPUs Industry-standard device Virtualization infrastructure VS works with Windows: models Up to 32  Up Heartbeathost x86 OSes  Runs all 440BX RAM to 64GB from kernel/  Intel major VM monitor motherboard  scheduler 3.6GB RAM NIC  Intel API COM21141 Virtual Hardware  Early tests show good DeviceTrio64 Gfx   4 NICs drivers scalability management  S3 Resource   NO 56.5TB storage in guest SCSI) VS  WMI/event log integration  custom drivers (IDE system leverages existing and 2-node failover MSCS storage, networking and security  Virtualization Service clustering infrastructure  Guest applications: teamed HBAs  Teamed NICs,  Require NO Windows Server 2003  Optimized for Enterprise et rewriting, rewiring, retraining, Edition (<8P/32GB) c. x86/x64 Server
  6. 6. Virtual Devices Virtual Device Models 440BX chipset with PIIX4 System BIOS (AMI)  Each VM contains its own PCI Bus set of virtualized hardware ISA Bus Power Management devices SM Bus 8259 PIC  These interact in the same PIT DMA Controller way they would on a real CMOS RTC machine Memory Controller RAM & VRAM  This approach ensures: COM (Serial) Ports LPT (Parallel) Ports  Consistent, known drivers IDE/ATAPI Controllers SCSI Adapters (Adaptec 2940) available with all MS SVGA Video Adapter (S3 Trio64) distributions VESA BIOS 2D Graphics Accelerator  VM Transportability between Hardware Cursor systems & Server & PC Ethernet Adapters (DEC 21140) SoundBlaster Sound Card versions Keyboard Mouse
  7. 7. Desktop to Server & Back  Two products  Virtual PC 2004: Single proc, up to 16 VMs, 4.3GB Shared RAM, no VM clustering  Virtual Server: Multi-proc, up to 64 VMs, 64GB Shared RAM, VM clustering  Same file format, same hardware emulation  Build anywhere, move anywhere (SCSI only on Virtual Server, Sound card only on Virtual PC)  No “hardware detection” step  No Product Activation step
  8. 8. Virtual Networking Share Any Combo of Virtual Networks with NAT Any Combo of Physical NIC NIC 1 10.1.1.x Virtual Switch Physical NIC1 Physical NIC2 Internal Only 192.168.1.x DHCP 12.10.10.201 DHCP Static 12.10.10.4
  9. 9. CPU features in action Workload management features VM VM VM Web server Business logic Database CPU resource allocation policies wt: 1000 wt: 100 wt: 100 max: 50% max: 20% max: 20% min: 25% min: 5% min: 10% • Weighting provides service level guarantees of DB vis-à-vis other VMs • Reserve assures that other VMs will not be CPU-starved: balanced workload
  10. 10. Memory features in action VM VM VM Web server Business logic Database Total RAM: 4GB 1GB 1GB 512MB • No memory overcommit: running VMs’ RAM cannot exceed physical RAM • Dynamic memory add/delete not currently supported
  11. 11. Migration – Reinstall then move data? 1. Install the core OS and service packs (a few Server hours) Memory 2. Install the application(s) (another few hours) 3. Virtual Server Migrate the data (tape or xcopy?) Toolkit 4. Turn off the old box 5. Turn on the new box VMWare 6. Do all this with minimal .dsk files disruption or downtime 7. Pray repeatedly VSMT treats VMWare 8. Repeat for each server installations as just another physical machine being migrated to Virtual Server
  12. 12. Physical to Virtual (P2V) Migration  Virtual Server Migration Toolkit  Command line tools to help automate P2V migration  Leverages Automated Deployment Services (ADS)  Beta now, RTM in Q4 Transform ADS image to VHD and Verify suitable deploy to target configuration, capture system & post- Technology image and generate migration task sequences to use configuration with ADS NT 4.0 Server W2K3 Server w/Virtual Server & VSMT ADS pulls image from remote system, VSMT powers down old server W2K3 Server Guidance with ADS 1.0 & VSMT  Solution Accelerator for Consolidating and Migrating LOB Applications  Determine which applications are good candidates for Virtual Server  Guidance on using VSMT in combination with ADS
  13. 13. Virtual Server demo  Management Console  VMRC Client  Guest configuration  Host configuration  Networking
  14. 14. Chicken and Egg?  Other options:  Capture a floppy drive Create a New .VHD  Capture a virtual floppy drive (file) Put a file  Capture an .iso image bootable CD in your  Ghost CD-ROM  PowerQuest Capture  RIS the Drive
  15. 15. Okay, so I have one, now what? 2 GB + 2GB 4 GB  SYSPREP the source disk, THEN copy  OR:  Change the SID (if using on same network)  Change NetBIOS Name  Change IP Address  Configure Away
  16. 16. Differencing Disks 2 GB + .1 GB + 2GB 2.1GB 4 GB  Diff Disk References source disk  Only changes to config captured in Diff Disk  Must change NetBIOS name, IP, etc if you didn’t SYSPREP the source
  17. 17. Oops, I made a mistake  “Undo” at shutdown  Save state, shut down, undo, e tc…
  18. 18. Virtual Server Differentiators  100% support for MS OSs running as VMs  One-stop shopping for support issues  Current, supported OSs  Free tools to automate pull vs. 3rd party  Smooth legacy app migration to Virtual Svr  Client and server version interoperability  Scripting tools with rich COM interface for automation  No custom drivers (lower support costs)  Single VM files  Active Directory integration  Lower price**
  19. 19. Pricing and Availability  Two editions differentiated by scale  Standard Edition (<4CPUs) – ERP $499 per server  Enterprise Edition (<32 CPUs) – ERP $999 per server  180 day eval of EE available NOW!!  Available in your resource kit  General availability as of October 1st  Channels: VL, Retail, SPLA
  20. 20. Competitive Costs Single Multi- Multi- Guest OS Processor Processor Processor GSX ESX VM layer NIX Host OS Test/Dev Test/Dev  Mission Critical Production Target Targeted Production Targeted Production  Local access via command Scenarios Single proc per VM line only  Standard: $499 up to 4 CPUs  For an 8-way server (3.1)  For an 8-way server (v.2.1.1): Pricing  Enterprise: $999 up to 8 CPUs  $10,000 GSX  $15,000 ESX  $2400 Virtual Center  Per server, not per processor Mgt Tool and agents  $5000 Virtual SMP  Migration tools are free  $5600 for VMotion License  $500 support (reqd)  $2400 Virtual Center NOTE: Migration tools are additional cost, regardless of version of VMWare: Mgt Tool and agents $18,500 total* • $9000 perpetual license, unlimited  $5600 for VMotion migrations  $500 support (reqd) • $2000 1 year license, 25 migrations, $28,500 total* incremental costs for more migrations
  21. 21. “Virtual” Next Steps  Load up Virtual PC 2004 and try it  45-day eval from http://www.microsoft.com/virtualpc  Load up Virtual Server 2005  Register for the bits: http://www.microsoft.com/windowsserversystem/virtualserver/eval uation/trial/default.mspx
  22. 22. © 2004 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. This presentation is for informational purposes only. Microsoft makes no warranties, express or implied, in this summary.

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