4- Web design introduction

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4- Web design introduction

  1. 1. مقدمه ای بر طراحی صفحات وب
  2. 2. Web Components <ul><li>Clients and Servers </li></ul><ul><li>Internet Service Providers </li></ul><ul><li>Web Site Hosting Services </li></ul><ul><li>Domains Names, URL’s and Ips </li></ul><ul><li>Registrars </li></ul><ul><li>Protocols </li></ul>
  3. 3. Clients & Servers <ul><li>Clients (Browser) </li></ul><ul><li>Internet Explorer </li></ul><ul><li>Firefox </li></ul><ul><li>Mozilla </li></ul><ul><li>Netscape </li></ul><ul><li>Opera </li></ul><ul><li>Amaya </li></ul><ul><li>AOL </li></ul><ul><li>MSN </li></ul><ul><li>Servers </li></ul><ul><li>Apache </li></ul><ul><li>Microsoft </li></ul><ul><li>Netscape </li></ul><ul><li>JavaWebServer </li></ul><ul><li>Oracle </li></ul>
  4. 4. Web Components <ul><li>Clients and Servers </li></ul><ul><li>Internet Service Providers </li></ul><ul><li>Web Site Hosting Services </li></ul><ul><li>Domains Names, URL’s and Ips </li></ul><ul><li>Registrars </li></ul><ul><li>Protocols </li></ul>
  5. 5. Internet Service Providers Connect Clients to the Internet <ul><li>Phone Company </li></ul><ul><li>AOL </li></ul><ul><li>Earthlink </li></ul><ul><li>Verizone </li></ul><ul><li>NetZero </li></ul><ul><li>Basic internet connection </li></ul><ul><li>Dialup/DSL/Cable/Sat </li></ul><ul><li>Email </li></ul>
  6. 6. Web Components <ul><li>Clients and Servers </li></ul><ul><li>Internet Service Providers </li></ul><ul><li>Web Site Hosting Services </li></ul><ul><li>Domains Names, URL’s and Ips </li></ul><ul><li>Registrars </li></ul><ul><li>Protocols </li></ul>
  7. 7. Web Hosting Services Connects Web Sites to the Internet <ul><li>Computer (server) farm </li></ul><ul><li>Web server software </li></ul><ul><li>Firewall hardware and software </li></ul><ul><li>IT services </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(Backup, troubleshooting, hardware repair) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Disk space </li></ul><ul><li>Bandwidth / connection to internet </li></ul><ul><li>Email server / storage </li></ul>
  8. 8. Web Components <ul><li>Clients and Servers </li></ul><ul><li>Internet Service Providers </li></ul><ul><li>Web Site Hosting Services </li></ul><ul><li>Domains Names, URL’s and Ips </li></ul><ul><li>Registrars </li></ul><ul><li>Protocols </li></ul>
  9. 9. Domain’s URL’s and IPs <ul><li>Domain name: The specific address of a computer on the Internet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>microsoft.com </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Uniform Resource Locator (URL): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.microsoft.com/faqs.html </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Internet protocol (IP) address </li></ul><ul><ul><li>192.168.1.1 </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Web Components <ul><li>Clients and Servers </li></ul><ul><li>Internet Service Providers </li></ul><ul><li>Web Site Hosting Services </li></ul><ul><li>Domains Names, URL’s and Ips </li></ul><ul><li>Registrars </li></ul><ul><li>Protocols </li></ul>
  11. 11. Domain Registrar <ul><li>A company that provides domain name registration services for a fee. </li></ul><ul><li>Maintain database which maps domain names to IP’s </li></ul><ul><li>Propagate new domain name/IP address information across the internet </li></ul>
  12. 12. Web Components <ul><li>Clients and Servers </li></ul><ul><li>Internet Service Providers </li></ul><ul><li>Web Site Hosting Services </li></ul><ul><li>Domains Names, URL’s and Ips </li></ul><ul><li>Registrars </li></ul><ul><li>Protocols </li></ul>
  13. 13. Protocols <ul><li>HTTP (HyperText Transfer Protocol) </li></ul><ul><li>FTP (File Transfer Protocol) </li></ul><ul><li>SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) </li></ul><ul><li>POP3 (Post Office Protocol V3) </li></ul><ul><li>NNTP (Network News Transfer Protocol) </li></ul><ul><li>ICMP (Internet Control Message Protocol) </li></ul><ul><li>TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) </li></ul><ul><li>IP (Internet Protocol) </li></ul><ul><li>Gopher </li></ul>
  14. 14. Protocols Examples HTTP Gopher FTP
  15. 15. Protocols Examples NNTP
  16. 16. Creating a Web Site <ul><li>Choose a domain name </li></ul><ul><li>Register with a Registrar </li></ul><ul><li>Choose a hosting service </li></ul><ul><li>Create web content </li></ul><ul><li>Store (publish) onto hosting server (FTP) </li></ul><ul><li>Submit new site to search engines </li></ul>
  17. 17. Creating your Web Site Technologies & Tools <ul><li>Markup Languages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>HTML,XHTML , DHTML, XML, XSLT, etc.... </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) </li></ul><ul><li>Scripting languages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ASP.NET, ASP, JavaScript, PHP, etc.... </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Web creation and editing software </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Notepad, FrontPage, Coldfusion, Flash, Hotmetal, Site Builder, etc.. </li></ul></ul>

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