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Many uses of ICT for Development of Mozambique

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Apresentacao feita na VTT of Finland (Helsink)

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Many uses of ICT for Development of Mozambique

  1. 1. 10/2/2012 1 Many uses of ICT for Development of  Mozambique Luís Neves C. Domingos (UEM) luis.neves@uem.mz Marial Lima Toivanen (VTT) Nina Rilla (VTT) Helsinki, October 2, 2012 1 MOZAMBIQUE: Facts Population: 22,948,858 (2011) (5,387,000) Capital City: Maputo - 1,149,666 (2012) Official language: Portuguese Literacy rate(adult): 56.1% (2010) (100%) Life Expectancy: 49.7 yrs (2010) (79.41) GDP: US$ 12.8 billion (2011) Country Area: 800,000 sq km (338,424) Internet users: 975,395 (4.3%) (Dec.31, 2011)(86.9%) Facebook users: 316,000 (1.43%)(Aug. 2012) (2,197,700)(41.82%) Mobile operators: mCel, Vodacom & Movitel Individuals owning mobile phone: Mozambique (older than 16) - 26% (12th in Africa) Finland (age group 15-74) - 97.3% (1st in world) Source: ITU, Socialbookers,INE,WB,ITS, BuddeComm 2
  2. 2. 10/2/2012 2 3 MOZAMBIQUE:Facts 2 (UNDP, 2012) 4 MOZAMBIQUE: ICT
  3. 3. 10/2/2012 3 5 AFRICA: SEA CABLES ICT4D - THE CONCEPT 6 ICT4D (Information and Communications Technologies for Development) … bridging the digital divide (the disparity between technological "have" and "have not" geographic locations or demographic groups) and aiding economic development by ensuring equitable access to up-to-date communications technologies. … radio, television, cellular phones, computer and network hardware and software, satellite systems and so on, as well as the various services and applications associated with them, such as videoconferencing and distance learning. (TechTarget.com)
  4. 4. 10/2/2012 4 ICT4D IN MOZAMBIQUE 7 1998 - set up of ICT Policy Commission 1999 – 2 Pilot Telecentres by CIUEM 2000 - One of the first countries in Africa to have a comprehensive policy for information and communication technologies(ICTs) 2003 - Community Radio + Telecentre = Community Multimedia Centres (CMC) – Pilot project 2004/7 – CMC Scale up (to create up to 20 CMCs in Mozambique) 2005/7 - The Open Knowledge Network (OKN) 2006 - The Community Information and Communication Support Centre (CAICC) by CIUEM 2009 - National CMC's program – MCT FROM TELECENTRES TO CMC 8 Small infrastructure: •Radio-in-a-box or radio 250w •4-5 computers •Fax •Photocopy machine •Digital library •TV/Video Services: •ICT basic trainning •Basic graphic design •Communications, •Radio programms, •CDs/DVDs copies & access
  5. 5. 10/2/2012 5 9 COMMUNITY MULTIMEDIA CENTERS (CMC) Niassa – Portuguese, Macua, Yao & Chicheua Cabo Delgado – Portuguese, Macua, Quimuane, Makonde & Swahili Nampula – Portuguese & Macua Zambézia – Portuguese, Chuabo, Lomué, Lolo,Sena e Chicheua Sofala – Portuguese, Ndau & Sena Manica – Portuguese, Ximanhica, Xiuteue e XiBarue & Ndau Tete – Portuguese, Nhandja, Nhungue & Sena Inhambane – Portuguese, Bitonga, Xitsua & Ndau Gaza – Portuguese, Changana & Chope Maputo – Portuguese, Changana & Ronga 2012: +90 CMCs, community radios, telecentres 42+ owned by associations/NGOs 34 government/public institutions 9 Catholic church 10 CMCs IN MOZAMBIQUE
  6. 6. 10/2/2012 6 MOZAMBIQUE: Language map 11 (Source: Universidade Eduardo Mondlane, NELIMO 1989:8) 12 INNOVATING FOR THE COMMUNITY •Broadcaster composed of resistors, capacitors and ceramic transistor •Music on air through nokia mobile phone http://tambaramoz.blogspot.fi/
  7. 7. 10/2/2012 7 13 LESSONS & CHALLENGES •Human resources (shortage of) •Lack of systems at different levels for gathering, systematizing, storing and distributing content – KM •Unreliable and expensive infrastructures – energy, communications, Internet •The limitations of Portuguese and multiple national languages •Human resources are more important than equipment •Coordination and partnerships are essential •Sustainability is a social, technical and economic problem that must be analyzed within the local context •Social investment in ICTs has an impact on long-term development •Ministério da Ciência e Tecnologia •Gabinete de Informação •CIUEM •FORCOM •UTICT (Unidade Técnica de Implementação da Politica de Informática) •ICS •G20 •CAICC •Governos locais •Municípios •Provincial partners •Civil Society Support Mechanism (MASC) •Programa Nacional dos CMCs •IDRC •UNESCO •W.K. Kellogg Foundation •Cooperação Suíça •PNUD •Suécia •telecentre.org •Microsoft •RANET/Instituto Nacional de Meteorologia •OKN •Fundo do Canadá •Sindicato Canadiano de Trabalhadores no Sector Auto (Fundo para Justiça Social) •IBIS 14 ICT4D KEY PLAYERS
  8. 8. 10/2/2012 8 Faculties/Schools: 16 (located in 4 provinces) Teachers : 1 650 Students: ~30 000 Support staff: 2 900 Internet access: 155 Mbps First Internet Service Provider in Mozambique 15 ABOUT EDUARDO MONDLANE UNIVERSITY (EMU) 16 EMU MAIN NETWORK
  9. 9. 10/2/2012 9 Teaching and learning tools Others Web 2.0 initiative 17 ICT4E AT EMU 18 THANK YOU OBRIGADO

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