History of unmanned aircraft systems

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History of unmanned aircraft systems

  1. 1. HISTORY OF UNMANNEDAIRCRAFT SYSTEMSBy: Christine Weaver
  2. 2. Early Unmanned AircraftSystems The first unmanned aircraft systems were balloons. The Montgolfier brothers were the first to experiment with balloons in 1782. Ballons were used in both the American Civil War of 1861- 1865 and in 1944 in hopes of starting fires on enemy sides. In the 1950s, Project Gopher and Genetrix were both forms of balloons used to spy on the Soviet Union
  3. 3. Aerial Steam Carriage  The Aerial Steam Carriage was built in 1848 by John Stringfellow and William Henson.  This aircraft was a steam powered, propeller driven model aircraft with a 10 foot wingspan.  The most successful steam carriage of the time was built by Samuel Langley in 1896. He called it the “Aerodrome Number 5.”
  4. 4. First Major American UnmannedAircraft System The Kettering Bug, invented in 1918 by Charles Kettering, Orville Wright and Elmer Sperry, was a cruise missile invented for the American Army. It was a gasoline fueled, propeller driven biplane that flew on a preset course to drop missiles on enemy lines. The bug had many successful test runs but was never used in combat.
  5. 5. Remote Controlled Flying Bombs  In WWII the United States developed remote controlled flying bombs.  The Interstate BQ- 4/TDR(TDN) had a successful mission in 1942.  A piloted aircraft released an unmanned aircraft with a camera in it so that the pilot could safely attack enemy targets from over 30 miles away.  This aircraft resulted in 18 hits on Japanese targets.
  6. 6. First Major German UnmannedAircraft Systems The “Henschel Hs 293” and the “Fritz-X” were created by the Germans and were radio controlled glide bombs. Two Fritz-X bombs successfully sunk the Fritz-X Italian battleship Roma in 1943. The “Buzz Bomb” was a German cruise missile, flown in 1944, that was ram jet powered and could travel up to 400 mph. Buzz Bomb
  7. 7. 1950-1970  Many unmanned aircraft systems were invented between the years 1950-1970.  Most of these systems were cruise missiles that suffered from reliability issues regarding their navigationNorthrup SM-62 and guidance systems.  Two major systems invented during this period include the “Northrup SM-62 Snark” and the “Lockheed D-21.”Lockheed D-21
  8. 8. Global Hawk Global Hawk is a unmanned aircraft system that is used for surveillance of enemy territories. First used in 1991 when the Persian Gulf erupted in “Desert Storm,” this system provided very useful information. Global Hawk can survey as much as 40,000 square miles of terrain a day.
  9. 9. Rotary Winged Unmanned AircraftSystems  Created in the past 10 years, the “RQ-8 Fire Scout” has fired missiles at targets and has achieved good results.  The “Draganflyer X6 Helicopter,” which is one ofRQ-8 Fire Scout the most recent unmanned aircraft systems, uses GPS guidance, can carry a variety of cameras , runs on electric power and is almost silent while in flight.Draganflyer X6 Helicopter
  10. 10. Present Day Today, the field of unmanned aircraft systems is one of the hottest topics of aeronautical development. New systems are being invented to be the size of insects, which will make them almost completely undetectable. The list of applications for unmanned aircraft systems keeps growing by the day.

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