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The art of scientific writing - Handsout


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The art of scientific writing - Handsout

  1. 1. The Art of Scientific WritingWeam Banjarwb246@cornell.eduOutline and Class Exercise
  2. 2. Disclosure• None
  3. 3. “The Art of Scientific Writing” is an interactive web-based meeting thatprimarily aims to touch upon the basics of scientific writings. Mastering thecraft of scientific writing is helpful for proper communication both at thepersonal and official levels. Understanding the Audience, determining thenature of the document, following instructions and acknowledging thecircumstances and politicsThank you for taking the time to register and attend.Thank you to Edhaah and Dr. Alamro for their kind help and sincerecooperationWeam
  4. 4. General Objectives• Understanding therelevance: Why it is difficult Why do we need to write/publish Why do we need to be goodwriters• Planning your writing: What are the constraints It is a matter of style !!!(structure, language,illustration)• Organizing the document Beginning (objectives, title,summaries, introduction) Middles ( What, how, why) Endings (conclusion, backmatters)• Setting down to write: Getting in the mood The first draft Revising, revising, revising Finishing
  5. 5. General Instructions• Dear Attendee please check the following general instructions: If you are experiencing any technical problem please use the “raise hand option” onyour window and the controls should be able to solve your issue. Please don’t usethis option for any other reason If you were confused or my statement was not clear, please do not hesitate to post aconfused face to the chat window along with your concern. Some class exercise may require you to type down your response. Please type yourresponse at the small chat-box at the very lower right side of your screen and holdson until you kindly been requested to post it. Other class exercise may require you to choose emoticons, please reserve postingyour choice until I kindly ask you to do so. If polls were posted, they will be up for 2-3 seconds Feel free to post your concerns, questions, and responses in Arabic and/ or English To maximize the benefit, please do post full sentence unless other wise instructed If you have any questions or concerns, I encourage you to post it to the chatwindow. I will acknowledge your statement. If I did not, please send it again.However, I may reserve some questions to the end of the classThank you for your cooperation
  6. 6. If you believe scientific writing is a difficult task,please type down WHY?If you do not, please post a thump-up sign
  7. 7. Why it is important to write/publish?
  8. 8. Why becoming a good writer isimportant?
  9. 9. Usually we start writing at the same placewe begin solving the problems,Please respond to the poll:What constraints to be considered?!!Make sure that your voice is heard
  10. 10. Constraint # 1WWWH:• Who are they?• What do they know?• Why they will read?• How well they will read?
  11. 11. Constraint #2How would you arrange your writing?!!
  12. 12. Constraint # 3Which roles you need to follow
  13. 13. Constraint # 4You did not set the role, you play thegame, play the game to WIN
  14. 14. Casting your thoughts withinStructure, Language, Illustration
  15. 15. Structure• Risk of loosing the readers• Shallow vs. too deep• Sequential organization of thoughts• Wording, placement, illustration
  16. 16. Language• Tell them exactly your thoughts (How?)• The (KISS) role• Your attitude toward the readers• Language gap• Tight• Scientific writing should be interesting, rhythmic butnot dull
  17. 17. Illustrations may add color and taste to yourwriting,Please respond to the poll:If you were writing a paper, what wouldyou prefer ?!!Make sure that your voice is heard
  18. 18. If you believe illustrations are important, please letus know what tips would help create the bestdesign
  19. 19. Beginnings of Documents• Primary vs., secondary vs., long term objectives• Your title = your ID• “please be good enough to put your conclusions andrecommendations on one sheet of paper at the very beginningof your report, So I even consider reading it” Winston Churchill• WWWH
  20. 20. Middles of DocumentsPlay the game that you hadnot sat the role for to win !!!
  21. 21. Endings of Documents• Primary audience• Secondary audience• Informative vs. persuasive• Discussion vs. conclusion section
  22. 22. “The writing aspect of scientific research isexhausting… I have rewritten many parts of papersfour to six times, restructuring the entire organization,before I finally became satisfied”Hermann Hrlmholtz
  23. 23. • Have something to write about and someone to write for• Remember; you are professional; Scientific writing has nothingto do with your waiting bills or personal• Are you busy, mentally overwhelmed, or emotionally disturb?• Your first blank paper is not blank anymore. Congratulation,you are writing your first draft• Refinement stage !!• About to submit, please wait?• Finally submitted your writing, if your manuscript gotaccepted, we owe you a virtual lunch 