Model Forests are large landscapes in which forests are an important feature.
as a way to tackle intense conflicts between environmentalists, governments, indigenous peoples, communities and forest workers.
EcoAdapt March 2012
EcoAdapt (2012-2015)Ecosystem-based strategies and innovations in water governance networks for adaptation to climate change in Latin American landscapes
FP7 ENV.2011.4.2.3-1: Community based management of environmental challenges Parternship between Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) and Research Institutions Define and analyze solutions to prevent climate-related tensions and support adaptation processes Ecosystem-based approach to address challenges
FP7 ENV.2011.4.2.3-1: Community based management of environmental challengesCSOs play a key role in the project:Define the problem and research needsComplement scientific knowledge with localknowledgeContextualize and foster the social dimension inthe researchEngage key stakeholders in the process
Main objectiveEnhance the capacity of local communities,CSOs, policy-makers and scientists to engagein inter-disciplinary action-research toincrease their collective capacity to adapt toclimate change.Differentsocial actors sharing and co-generating knowledgeDevelopment and piloting of ecosystem-based adaptation strategies
Project hypotheses Climate adaptation requires a network of social actors interacting across multiple levels (fundamental basis for planned adaptation) Ecosystem-based management is a solid basis for sucessful climate adaptation Innovation is required to combine different types of knowledge for climate adaptation
Ecosystem-based management• EBM integrates ecological, social, and economic goals• Recognizes humans as key components of ecosystems• Considers ecological boundaries as well as political ones• Addresses complex processes by promoting adaptive management in the face of change and uncertainty
Main partners CIRAD Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche France RTD1 Agronomique pour le Développement2 CATIE Tropical Agriculture Research and Higher Education Centre Costa Rica RTD3 SEI-UK Stockholm Environment Institute- Oxford Office UK RTD4 IUFRO International Union of Forestry Research Organizations Austria RTD5 FFLA Fundación Futuro Latinoamericano Ecuador CSO6 ABMJ Asociación Bosque Modelo Jujuly Argentina CSO7 FCBC Fundación para la Conservación del Bosque Chiquitano Bolivia CSO8 SEPADE Servicio Evangélico para el Desarrollo Chile CSO9 CESEFOR Centro de Servicios y promoción Forestal Spain CSO
Associate partners10 RIOCC Red Iberoamericana de Oficinas de Spain International Policy Cambio Climático Network11 RIABM Red Iberoamericana de Bosques Modelos Costa Rica International NPO Network12 MMFN Mediterranean Model Forests’ Network Spain International NPO Network13 CIFOR Centre for International Forestry Research Indonesia, Peru International RTD14 CUSO-VSO Canadian University Service Overseas- UK National Volunteer Service Overseas CSO15 UEA University of East Anglia UK National RTD16 UBC University of British Columbia Canada National RTD17 BMR Bosque Modelo Reventazon Costa Rica National CSO18 BMAAM Bosque Modelo Araucaria Alto Malleco Chile National CSO19 UniChile University of Chile Chile National RTD20 MHNNKM Museo de Historia Natural Noel Kempff Bolivia National RTD Mercado21 IRD LABORATOIRE POPULATION France, International RTD ENVIRONNEMENT DÉVELOPPEMENT Bolivia
Model Forests• “Model Forests” have adopted EBM at the core of their management strategy.• Concept introduced and tested by the Government of Canada in the early 1990s.• International Model Forest Network launched at the 1992 United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in Rio de Janeiro.• Voluntary, broad-based initiatives linking different values and interests within a given landscape.• Linked through a common philosophy and charter that forms the basis for networking and knowledge sharing.
Model Forest JujuyArea of analysis:Perico-Manantiales Basin; 150,000 ha; 110,000inhabitantsCharacteristics:Cattle farmers in the upper basinIrrigated agriculture in the middle areaUrban settlements in the lower basinEcosystems: Chaco, Yungas and peri-glacial AndeanhighlandsClimate: Monsoon system with heavy storms andeight months of dryness
Model Forest Alto MallecoArea of analysis:Caracautin; 173,999 ha; 15,796 inhabitantsLonquimay; 393,031 ha; 11,317 inhabitants (45%mapuche pehuenche)Characteristics:Cattle ranching is the main activity, followed byagroforestry and tourism.Ecosystems: pastures, forests, plantations,wetlands, glaciarsWater system in Chile is privatized and all riverwater flows have ‘owners’
Model Forest ChiquitanoArea of analysis:Paragua Basin; 2,557,995.21 ha; 5,000 inhabitantsZapoco Basin, ha 320.079,87; 9,000 inhabitantsCharacteristics:Cattle farmers, agriculture (agro-industrial andsubsistence), forestry, conservation and tourism,indigeneous territories, urban settlementsEcosystems: Chiquitano dry forest, wetlands, humidforests, grasslandClimate: Monsoon system with heavy storms andeight months of dryness