Greek art


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Greek art

  1. 1. Greek Art and ArchitectureOR HOW THE WEST WAS WON
  2. 2. Greek Art and Architecture Pottery Sculpture Columns and temples
  3. 3. PotteryPottery was Protogeometric (1050typically made for BCE)everyday use Geometric (900 BCE)There is a clear Archaic (750 BCE)evolution of pottery Black Figure (early 7ththrough the century BCE)following ages: Red Figure (530 BCE)
  4. 4. Protogeometric PotteryTypically this isreferred to as theGreek dark agesMycenae had fallenPottery forms,however, remainsintact.Typically verynaturalisticCrude but beautiful
  5. 5. Geometric Pottery“Oriental influence”begins to be seenMore of the pot is usedTypically a lot ofdesignsSome figures crudelydrawnVery popular inAthens and Corinth,two major centers ofGreek pottery
  6. 6. Black Figure PotteryDecoration appears as blacksilhouettes on a redbackgroundIron-rich clay turned reddishwhen firedDesign was sketched and re-painted with refined clay(meaning it was fired morethan once)The color comes from the heatof the kiln, the iron in the clay,and the amount of oxygenallowed inOften depicted mythologicalscenesVery popular in Athens andCorinth
  7. 7. Red Figure PotteryThe same idea appliesin terms of firing thepotteryThe pot is painted,only an outline is leftfor the figuresOften depictedmythological scenesGenerally better thanblack figure
  8. 8. ColumnsThe column was Doricreferred as part of a Ionic“order” CorinthianThe order had threeparts: base, shaft,and capitalThe three ordersare:
  9. 9. Doric OrderOriginated inmainland GreeceTypically has no baseTopped with a smoothcapital that flares fromthe columnThe Parthenon ofAthens is a Dorictemple:
  10. 10. Ionic OrderOriginated in Ionia(modern day WesternTurkey)Stands on a baseNoted for a pair ofscrolling volutesTake the Erechtheumon the Acropolis ofAthens:
  11. 11. Corinthian OrderMore popular inlater Roman timesMay have been anevolution of theIonic OrderHighly stylized
  12. 12. Greek TemplesA place of worship A statueOften built high above An imagea cityOften times used as An altarplaces to store A treemoney/gifts to the godsSometimes served asbusiness andadministrative archivesTypically sheltered:
  13. 13. The AcropolisLiterally means high The Parthenonpoint of the city The ErechtheumIt is during theclassical period that the The Temple ofbuildings we know of Athena Niketoday were built The PropylaeaImportant buildingsleft standing:
  14. 14. The ParthenonDedicated to AthenaBuilt between 447-432Initiated by PericlesEight columns on eachnarrow sideSeventeen columns oneach long sideThe carvings on thefrieze depict theprocession ofPanathenaea, the mostimportant religiousfestival in Athens
  15. 15. The ErechtheumBuilt around 420The main templewas divided intotwo sections – onefor Athena, and onefor PoseidonNoted for thefamous porch of theCaryatids
  16. 16. Temple of Athena NikeBuilt around 420Honors the goddessof victory(note the IonicOrder)
  17. 17. Propylaea GateThe monumentalgateway to theAcropolisA central colonnadewith two lateralwings