Lc lo sample

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Lc lo sample

  1. 1. Micro Learning Objects:<br />What, Why and How.<br />
  2. 2. Cognitive Science and Learning<br />
  3. 3. Making Decisions:<br />Buying a Car!<br />4 variables<br />Group A: Focused Thinking<br />Group B: Distracted Thinking<br />Random Group<br />Random Group<br />Given 4 pieces of Information about 4 Cars<br />Given 4 pieces of Information about 4 Cars<br />Given 4 minutes to think about the information <br />Distracted for 4 minutes with word puzzles<br />Asked to choose the best car.<br />Asked to choose the best car.<br />
  4. 4. Making Decisions:<br />Buying a Car!<br />12 variables<br />Group A: Focused Thinking<br />Group B: Distracted Thinking<br />Random Group<br />Random Group<br />Given 12 pieces of Information about 4 Cars<br />Given 12 pieces of Information about 4 Cars<br />Given 4 minutes to think about the information <br />Distracted for 4 minutes with word puzzles<br />Asked to choose the best car.<br />Asked to choose the best car.<br />
  5. 5. Dijksterhuis, A., Bos, M.W., Nordgren, L.F., & van Baaren, R.B. (2006). On making the right choice: The deliberation-without-attention effect. Science, 311, 1005-1007.<br />http://www.unconsciouslab.com/index.php?page=People&subpage=Ap%20Dijksterhuis<br />
  6. 6. We could talk about the implications<br />of unconscious thought theory (UTT)<br />here, but we won’t. <br />The buying car thought experiment<br />was the best example that I had at hand<br />to illustrate “COGNITIVE LOAD.”<br />
  7. 7. Cognitive processing is in play when we learn.<br />1. Audio (your ears) 2. Visual (your eyes) 3. Synthesis (thinking)<br />
  8. 8. Metaphor: Computer Processing<br />RAM<br />Hard Drive<br />Random Access Memory<br />Long Term Storage<br />
  9. 9. Stuff<br />Channels<br />Processing New Stimuli<br />Previous Learning<br />Clark, Ruth and Richard Mayer<br />E-Learning and the Science of Instruction<br />Page 35<br />
  10. 10. Stuff<br />Channels<br />Processing New Stimulus<br />Previous Learning<br />When you add too much<br />here (or things that conflict)<br />you steal processing power<br />from working memory!<br />This is Extraneous Processing!<br />
  11. 11. Multimedia Principle!<br />Use words and graphics rather than words alone*<br />* Some graphics are better than others<br />
  12. 12. Modality Principle!<br />Present words as audio narration, rather than on-screen text.<br />
  13. 13. Redundancy Principle!*<br />Explain Visuals with words in audio OR text, not both.<br />* In Will-speak, “the business meeting with a bad powerpoint presentation principle!”<br />
  14. 14. Personalization Principle!<br />Use conversational style rather than formal style.<br />
  15. 15. Segmentation Principle!<br />Break a continuous lesson into bite-size segments<br />That is what we do as teachers at KU!<br />We supplement the curriculum!<br />JUST IN TIME!<br />
  16. 16. Micro Learning Object!<br />1<br />Segmented!<br />Personalized!<br />2<br />4<br />5<br />Uses Text and Graphics,or audio instead of text!<br />This represents an object!<br />Isn’t Redundant!<br />3<br />Personalization Principle<br />Segmentation Principle<br />Redundancy Principle<br />Multimedia Principle<br />Modality Principle<br />

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