Child Abuse (State Update)


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Child Abuse (State Update)

  1. 1. Overview•  Mandated Reporters•  Categories of Abuse•  Indicators of Abuse•  Disclosures•  Reporting•  Prevention
  2. 2. Child service organization personnel’ meanspersons employed by or volunteering at a businessor an organization, whether public, private, forprofit, not for profit, or voluntary, that providescare, treatment, education, training, supervision,coaching, counseling, recreational programs, orshelter to children.School means any public or private pre-kindergarten, elementary school, secondary school,technical school, vocational school, college,university, or institution of postsecondaryeducation. 3  
  3. 3. Categories of Abuse•  Physical Abuse•  Sexual Abuse•  Emotional Abuse•  Neglect 4  
  4. 4. NeglectThe failure of a parent, guardian, or othercaregiver to provide for a child’s basic needs.This can also include failure to protect themfrom a known risk of harm or danger. 5  
  5. 5. Neglect•  Is  frequently  absent  from  school  •  Begs  or  steals  food  or  money  •  Lacks  needed  medical  or  dental  care,   immuniza>ons,  glasses,  etc.  •  Is  consistently  dirty  and  has  severe  body  odor  •  Lacks  sufficient  clothing  for  the  weather  •  Abuses  alcohol  or  drugs  •  States  that  there  is  no  one  at  home  to  provide   care   6  
  6. 6. Physical AbuseThe non-accidental physical injury of a child 7  
  7. 7. Physical Abuse•  Has  unexplained  burns,  bites,  bruises,  broken   bones,  or  black  eyes  •  Has  fading  bruises  or  other  marks  no>ceable   aJer  an  absence  from  school  •  Seems  frightened  of  the  parents  and  protests   or  cries  when  it  is  >me  to  go  home  •  Shrinks  at  the  approach  of  adults  •  Reports  injury  by  a  parent  or  another  adult   caregiver   8  
  8. 8. Sexual AbuseAnything done with a child for the sexualgratification of an adult or older child 9  
  9. 9. Sexual Abuse•  Has  difficulty  walking  or  siOng  •  Suddenly  refuses  to  change  for  gym  or  to  par>cipate  in   physical  ac>vi>es  •  Reports  nightmares  or  bedweOng  •  Experiences  a  sudden  change  in  appe>te  •  Demonstrates  bizarre,  sophis>cated,  or  unusual  sexual   knowledge  or  behavior  •  Becomes  pregnant  or  contracts  a  sexually  transmiRed   disease  •  Runs  away   10  
  10. 10. Commercial Sexual Exploitation of ChildrenWhen individuals buy, trade, or sell sexual acts witha child•  Branding or tattooing•  Older boyfriend or male friend•  Withdrawn and uncommunicative•  Large amounts of money•  Inappropriate dress or poor hygiene•  Runaway or lack of adult supervision/support 11  
  11. 11. Emotional AbuseA pattern of behavior that impairs a child’semotional development or sense of self-worth 12  
  12. 12. Emotional Abuse•  Shows  extremes  in  behavior  •  Inappropriately  adult  or  infan>le  •  Is  delayed  in  physical  or  emo>onal   development  •  Has  aRempted  suicide  •  Reports  a  lack  of  aRachment  to  the  parent   13  
  13. 13. Mandated Reporting•  Disclosure•  Reporting•  Rights as a Mandated Reporter 14  
  14. 14. Protective Factors•  Parental Resilience•  Social Connections•  Knowledge of Child Development•  Concrete Support In Times of Need•  Social and Emotional Competence of the Child 15  
  15. 15. Prevention Strategies•  Value and Support Parents•  Strengthen Parenting•  Facilitate Friendships and Mutual Support•  Respond to Family Crises•  Link Families to Services and Opportunities•  Further Children’s Social and Emotional Development•  Observe and Respond to Early Warning Signs of Abuse or Neglect 16  
  16. 16. Questions & Handouts 17