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Similes and Analogies

Similes and Analogies
Phil Grey
West Cheshire College
September 2014

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Similes and Analogies

  1. 1. Using Similes and Analogies Phil Grey
  2. 2. Analology Analogy- from the Greek ‘analolgia’ (meaning right relationship) When you draw an analogy between two things, you compare them for the purpose of explanation.
  3. 3. Common Analogies  The relationship between them began to thaw. (This means that the relationship was changing.)  I feel like a fish out of water. (This implies that you are not comfortable in your surroundings.)
  4. 4. Explain this one  Her singing was like nails on a chalkboard.
  5. 5. Over to you…….  He had a face on him like a wet weekend.  He was as welcome as a bacon sandwich at a Bar Mitzvah.  She had a face like a bag of spanners.
  6. 6. Simile and Metaphor  A simile is a figure of speech that compares two things by using connecting words such as like, or as. Similes are similar to metaphors in that they are both forms of comparison, but similes compare the two ideas whilst they remain separate, whereas a metaphor compares two things directly e.g. ”He is my rock”.
  7. 7. Similes A figure of speech in which two unlike things are explicitly compared. “My love is like a red, red rose” Comparison / Likeness
  8. 8. So what?  Analogies can be useful in learning because all learning happens through connection.  We make sense of new information by forging connections/making comparisons to something we already know.
  9. 9. Comparing  Comparing is the process of identifying similarities and differences between or among things or ideas.  This can be used in any subject area at any level .
  10. 10. Identifying Similarities and Differences The ability to break a concept into similar and dissimilar characteristics allows the student to understand and solve complex problems by analysing them in a more familiar way.
  11. 11. How can this be useful in teaching? Biology, for example
  12. 12. The 4 Components of blood and their roles.
  13. 13. Analogy: Blood Composition and Football Roles
  14. 14. Team Roles Defender Stops attack from an opponent  Attacker Life/oxygen of the side  Wall Clump together to form a barrier
  15. 15. Analogy Blood component Role Football Role White blood cells : An important part of the immune system, they produce antibodies and destroy harmful microorganisms Defender Red blood cell Contain haemoglobin which carries oxygen Attacker Platelets Clump together to form clots Protect the body by stopping bleeding Wall Plasma Fluid part of blood
  16. 16. You left out PLASMA! Everyone knows that after going the match to watch your favourite team on Saturday you have to go home so you can watch it on the big screen with plenty of fluid to lubricate the old throat……. PLASMA!!!!!!!
  17. 17. Two Main Types of Analogy  Teacher directed - examples given  Student directed- challenge and draw on knowledge of the individual
  18. 18. Five sub headings to help you  Subject  Theme/topic  Objective  Target group  Analogy
  19. 19. Analogy may help you to make……..