Analogy- from the Greek ‘analolgia’
(meaning right relationship)
When you draw an analogy between
two things, you compare them for
the purpose of explanation.
The relationship between them began
to thaw. (This means that the
relationship was changing.)
I feel like a fish out of water. (This
implies that you are not comfortable in
Explain this one
Her singing was like nails on a
Over to you…….
He had a face on him like a wet
He was as welcome as a bacon
sandwich at a Bar Mitzvah.
She had a face like a bag of
Simile and Metaphor
A simile is a figure of speech that
compares two things by using
connecting words such as like, or
as. Similes are similar to metaphors
in that they are both forms of
comparison, but similes compare
the two ideas whilst they remain
separate, whereas a metaphor
compares two things directly e.g.
”He is my rock”.
A figure of speech in which two
unlike things are explicitly
“My love is like a red, red rose”
Comparison / Likeness
Analogies can be useful in learning
because all learning happens
We make sense of new information
by forging connections/making
comparisons to something we
Comparing is the process of
identifying similarities and differences
between or among things or ideas.
This can be used in any subject area
at any level .
Identifying Similarities and
The ability to break a
similar and dissimilar
the student to
understand and solve
complex problems by
analysing them in a
more familiar way.
How can this be useful in teaching?
Stops attack from an opponent
Life/oxygen of the side
Clump together to form a barrier
Blood component Role Football Role
White blood cells : An important part of
the immune system,
antibodies and destroy
Red blood cell Contain haemoglobin
which carries oxygen
Platelets Clump together to
Protect the body by
Plasma Fluid part of blood
You left out PLASMA!
Everyone knows that after going the
match to watch your favourite team
on Saturday you have to go home
so you can watch it on the big
screen with plenty of fluid to
lubricate the old throat…….
Two Main Types of Analogy
Teacher directed - examples given
Student directed- challenge and
draw on knowledge of the individual
Five sub headings to help you