Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Maya social and political structure

7,798 views

Published on

Published in: Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Maya social and political structure

  1. 1. Maya Social and Political Organization Matthew Ripley-Moffitt Cary Academy
  2. 2. Lords & Nobles <ul><li>The Lord: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Highest authority in Maya city center was Halach Uinic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chiefs and Priests served as advisors to help carry our government functions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lord ruled for life; considered god-king </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Succeeded by son or other close male relative </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Lords & Nobles cont <ul><li>Nobles: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chiefs, priests, lesser govern’t officials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ruled over village hamlets (outside city center) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gathered taxes, supplies, organized large building projects, led peasant armies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wore elaborate clothing including headdresses, animal skins, feathered capes, gold jewelry </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Priests <ul><li>Led ritual practices – including sacrifice and offerings </li></ul><ul><li>Also mathematicians, astronomers, healers, historians, shamans </li></ul><ul><li>Heavens divided into 13 compartments </li></ul><ul><li>Underworld divided into 9 compartments </li></ul><ul><li>Deities were natural forces, many combined with animal attributes </li></ul>
  5. 5. Merchants & Artisans <ul><li>Artisans </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Created books – paper codices, glyphs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pottery; architecture; sculpture, jewelry, weaving </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Merchants </li></ul><ul><ul><li>by sea, river & extensive road system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Imported: obsidian, jade, quetzal feathers, copal, cocoa beans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exported: salt, cotton, dried fish, animal skins </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Peasant - farmers <ul><li>Huts – poles covered with dried mud </li></ul><ul><li>Corn, squash, beans, sometimes rabbit or turkey </li></ul><ul><li>Men worked in fields, women worked close to home </li></ul><ul><li>Worked on royal building projects or served in army during dry season </li></ul>
  7. 7. Slaves <ul><li>Some born into slavery </li></ul><ul><li>Others became slaves through: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Children sold into slavery </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>War prisoners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Punishment for serious crimes </li></ul></ul>

×