Spanish styles of architecture


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Spanish styles of architecture

  1. 1. Spanish Styles of Architecture<br />Senior Spanish project by Morgan Cathrea and Shawn Lum<br />
  2. 2. Roman<br />Segovia Aqueducts<br />When and who they were built buy can not be determined.<br />Located in Segovia<br />Roman style<br />The Aqueducts transport water to the city. <br />
  3. 3. Roman<br />Tarragona Amphitheatre<br />Located in Tarragona, Catalonia<br />It used to be used for gladiators and the hunt of wild animals. It was also the place were the sentenced were finally executed. Now, however, it is a tourist attraction.<br />Roman style<br />It was built around II. BC<br />
  4. 4. Moorish<br />The Alhambra Palace<br />Architect unknown<br />Built from 1333-1354<br />Granada<br />Moorish style<br />The Alhambra became the residence of royalty and of the court of Granada inthe middle of the 13th century. Throughout the 13th, 14th and 15th centuries, the fortress became a citadel with high rampartsor walls and defensive towers, which enclose two main areas: 1) the military area or citadel, called thealcazaba, which contain the barracks of the royal guard and is built on an isolated piece of high land, and2) the medina or court city, with the famous Nasrid Palaces and the remains of the houses of noblemenand other citizens who lived there. <br />
  5. 5. Moorish<br />Seville Alcazar<br />Located in Seville<br />Used as a Palace<br />The style is Mudéjar with some Renaissance for the buildings. The gardens mix Moorish Andalusian and Christian traditional styles.<br />Construction started in 1181 and finished over 500 years later.<br />
  6. 6. Moorish<br />La Mesquita<br />Located in Cordoba.<br />Used as both a church and a mosque. It was originally built to be a warehouse/temple/lighthouse.<br />Moorish style<br />Construction for the first one started approx. In the 6th century. The last reform was finished in 987.<br />Made out of stone, jasper, onyx, marble, and granite.<br />
  7. 7. Gothic<br />Seville Cathedral: <br />It is unknown as to who built it but Christian Bell Fry was added by Hernan Ruiz in 1568<br />Located in Seville<br />Built from1401-1519<br />Gothic style but one tower is Moorish<br />It was a mosque first and then a cathedral was built on the grounds of the former Arab mosque. <br />
  8. 8. Gothic<br />Santa María de León Cathedral (also called <br />The House of Light or the Pulchra Leonina)<br />Located in León<br />Used as a church and tourist attraction.<br />Gothic Style<br />Completed in the late 16th century<br />
  9. 9. Plaza Mayor<br />Built in 1589 by Juan de Herrera<br />The Gothic style cathedral is located in Madrid.<br />The Cathedral is now used mainly for municipal and cultural functions by the people that live in the surrounding residential buildings.<br />Gothic<br />
  10. 10. Renaissance<br />Plaza de España<br />Located inMaria Luisa Park, Sevilla.<br />Built in 1929<br />Used as an Exhibition hall<br />Spanish Neo Classical/ Renaissance style<br />
  11. 11. Renaissance<br />Segovia Alcazar<br />Construction started between 1000 and 1450, and was finished in finished in 1455<br />Romanesque Style<br />Where: Segovia, near Madrid<br />Uses: The Alcázar was originally built as a fortress but has served as a royal palace, a state prison, a Royal Artillery College and a military academy since then.<br />
  12. 12. Renaissance<br />Escorial Palace<br />Built and designed by Juan Bautista de Toledo, y Juan de Herrera in 1562 to 1584<br />Located near Madrid<br />Renaissance Style<br />Used as an immense palace, Augustinian monastery, museum, and library complex. It’s so big that its classified as its own city (or town). The complex has an enormous store of art. It is the burial site for most Spanish kings in the last five centuries.<br />
  13. 13. Renaissance<br />Palacio Real de Madrid or Palacio de Oriente<br />Construction for the new palace spanned from 1738 to 1755 after the original burned down. The original was dated back to a 10th century fortress.<br />The new palace was designed by FilippoJuvarraand Giovanni Battista Tiepolo in cooperation with Ventura Rodriguez, Francesco Sabatini, and Martin Sarmiento.<br />Berniniesque/Renaissance style<br />Used as a tourist attraction as well as used for State and Government functions.<br />
  14. 14. Modernisme /Art-Nouveau/ Impressionist<br />Casa Batlló (or Casa dels ossos “House of bones” to locals)<br />Located in Barcelona, Catalonia<br />Used as a House <br />Modernisme/Art-Nouveau style<br />Designed by Antonio Gaudí<br />Built in 1905-1907<br />
  15. 15. Modernisme /Art-Nouveau/ Impressionist<br />Casa Mila (or La Pedera, “The Quarry” to locals.)<br />Located in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain<br />Used as a House<br />Modernisme/Art-Nouveau style<br />Designed by Antonio Gaudí<br />Built in 1905 to 1910<br />
  16. 16. Modernisme /Art-Nouveau/ Impressionist<br />Hospital de Sant Pau<br />Located in Barcelona, Catalonia<br />Used as a Hospital<br />Modernisme/Art-Nouveau style<br />Designed by Lluís Domènech y Montaner<br />Built in 1901-1930<br />
  17. 17. Modernisme /Art-Nouveau/ Impressionist<br />Park Guell<br />Located in Montana Pelada, Barcelona<br />Used as an outdoor space/ park<br />Modernisme/Art-Nouveau style<br />Designed by Antonio Gaudí<br />Built in 1900-1914<br />
  18. 18. Modernisme /Art-Nouveau/ Impressionist<br />SagradaFamilia<br />Located in Barcelona, Catalonia<br />Privately funded Roman Church<br />Art-Nouveau<br />Antonio Gaudí<br />Started in 1882 but not expected to be completed until 2026<br />
  19. 19. Modern<br />Seville Bridges: El Alamillo Bridge <br />Built by Santiago Calatrava in 1989-1992<br />Located in Seville<br />Modern style<br />Used to connect La Cartuja and Seville.<br />
  20. 20. Modern<br />Madrid Airport (New Terminal) #4<br />Built (designed by) Antonio Lamela, and Richard Rogers in 2000- 2006<br />Located Barajas, Madrid<br />Modern style<br />Used To hold passengers as they wait to catch their flights or when they arrive, the design is supposed to help people relieve stress. <br />
  21. 21. Modern<br />Madrid Twin Towers (Kio Towers)<br />Built (designed) by Kuwait Investments Office (KIO) in 1996<br />Located in Madrid<br />Modern style<br />Uses: They are two office buildings, now owned by Caja Madrid and Realia Business. <br />
  22. 22. Modern<br />Bilbao Guggenheim Museum<br />Built by Frank Gehry<br />It was opened for public in 1997<br />Located in Basque Country<br />Modern style<br />Used as a Museum<br />