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Making the Links: Heterosexism & Anti-Jewish Oppressionks


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Throughout history, many dominant groups have depicted or represented minoritized groups in a variety of negative ways in order to maintain control or mastery. The representation of targeted groups is expressed through myths and stereotypes in proverbs, social commentary, literature, jokes, epithets, pictorial depictions, and other cultural forms. This presentation makes the clear and stunning connections between historical representations of Jewish people and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and trans* (LGBT) people.

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Making the Links: Heterosexism & Anti-Jewish Oppressionks

  1. 1. A Presentation by Dr.Warren J. Blumenfeld
  2. 2.  Dr.Warren J. Blumenfeld is available to come to your campus or community organization.  Contact:
  3. 3.  Throughout history, many dominant groups  Represented target groups (sometimes called “minoritized” groups)  Negative ways to maintain control  Expressed through:  Myths, Stereotypes, Proverbs, Commentary, Literature, Jokes, Epithets, Pictorial Depictions, Other Forms.
  4. 4.  Over history,  Many clear connections  Historical representations, oppressions of  Jewish People &  Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, & Trans* People (LGBT).
  5. 5.  Working Definitions  Caveat  Links: 1. Religious Condemnations 2. Immature Developmental Stage 3. Immutable BiologicalType 4. Abuse and “Recruitment” of Youth 5. Domination and Destruction of “Civilized” Society  Summary
  6. 6. Interlocking Systems of Oppression SEXISM is the overarching system of advantages bestowed on males. It is prejudice and discrimination based on sex, especially against females, founded on a patriarchal structure of male dominance through social and cultural systems.
  7. 7. HETEROSEXISM is the overarching system of advantages bestowed on heterosexuals. Heterosexism is the institutionalization of a heterosexual norm or standard, which establishes and perpetuates the notion that all people are or should be heterosexual thereby privileging heterosexuals and heterosexuality, and excluding the needs, concerns, cultures, and life experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual, asexual, trans*, and intersex people. Many times blatant and at times subtle, heterosexism is oppression by neglect, omission, erasure, & distortion, as well as by purpose, intent, and design.
  8. 8. HOMOPHOBIA is derived from the Greek terms homos, meaning “same,” and phobikos, meaning “having a fear and hatred” of those who love and sexually desire those of the same sex. It includes prejudice, discrimination, harassment, and acts of violence brought on by that fear and hatred. It is oppression by intent, purpose, and design. Throughout this presentation, the term “heterosexism” will be used rather than “homophobia” since “heterosexism” seems to have gained a wider and broader usage for this form of oppression.
  9. 9. BIPHOBIA is oppression directed against people who love and sexually desire some people of all sexes or those who are pansexual or polysexual. ASEXUAL OPPRESSION is prejudice and discrimination directed against asexual people.
  10. 10.  Cisgender: a term for individuals who match the sex assigned to them at birth with their bodies, and their personal gender identities. Other terms include “gender normative,” “cismale,” “cisfemale,” & others. The Latin prefix cis means “on the same side (as)” or “on the side (of)” or “to/this the near side.”  Cissexism (“Binarism,” “Transgender Oppression,” “Genderism”): a conceptual structure of oppression directed against those who live and function external to the gender/sex binary, and/or the principle that they do not exist at all.
  11. 11.  INTERSEX OPPRESSION is prejudice and discrimination directed against intersex people who comprise a significant proportion of the population.
  13. 13. INTERLOCKING SYSTEMS OF OPPRESSION Sexism Biphobia Heterosexism Cissexism Intersex Oppression
  14. 14.  ANTI-JEWISH OPPRESSION (ANTI- SEMITISM): the systematic discrimination against, denigration, or oppression of Jews, Judaism, and the cultural, intellectual, and religious heritage of the Jewish people. (Michael Lerner, editor of Tikkun magazine)  I consider anti-Jewish oppression as a form of racism.
  15. 15.  Throughout discussion, I am not asserting (or even attempting to imply) that Jews & LGBT people encounter oppression identically.  The experiences of these groups (and of individuals within these groups) are often quite different.  Primary Goal: unearth some intersections in representations of Jews and LGBT people, and between heterosexism and anti-Jewish oppression,  At these points of intersection, greatest potential for development of understanding and alliances.
  16. 16. 1. Religious Condemnations
  17. 17.  Throughout the ages, people cited biblical passages to justify persecution, denial of rights for Jews and LGBT people.
  18. 18.  Jesus born at Bethlehem.  Mother Mary and husband Joseph, Jewish.  Jesus born, died a Jew.
  19. 19.  3794 Jewish calendar  33 CE  Romans, under Emperor Tiberius and governor Pontius Pilate  Crucify Jesus  Jesus tried, convicted, sentenced by Roman law, judges  Crucified by Roman soldiers.
  20. 20.  Soon after crucifixion,  Myth: Jews responsible  Though Jews did not kill Jesus…
  21. 21.  Judas, who betrayed Jesus,  Became Jewish archetype of evil, deception.
  22. 22.  Around 3844 (50 CE),  Split between Christianity & Judaism.  Saul, who became the Christian Paul,  Made Christianity separate religion.
  23. 23.  Early Christians sought to win converts.  Attempted to discredit Judaism  Jews, who would not convert, depicted by early Christians as evil, rebels, heretics  Eventually...
  24. 24.  …beginning Middle-Ages,  “Agents of Satan,”  Stereotype began: Jews have horns & tails…
  25. 25.  And Jesus said: “If God were your father, you would love me…[but] your father is the devil and you choose to carry out your father’s desires” (John 8:44).  “TheJews…are Satan’s synagogue” (Revelation 2:9).  “I will make those of Satan’s synagogue, who claim to be Jews but are lying frauds, come and fall down at your feet” (Revelation 3:9).
  26. 26.  5864 (70 CE), Christians wrote first gospels under Roman rule.  Christians lived under Roman domination  Shift blame from Romans to Jews for Jesus’ death,  Christian gospels give only Christian side.
  27. 27. “[T]he Jews, who killed the Lord Jesus and the prophets and drove us out, the Jews who are heedless of God’s will and enemies of their fellow man….All this time they have been making up the full measure of their guilt, and now retribution has overtaken the good of all.” Paul
  28. 28. “Pilate could see that nothing was being gained, and a riot was starting [among the Jews]; so he took water and washed his hands in full view of the people saying, “My hands are clean of this man’s blood; see to that yourselves,” and with one voice the people cried, “His blood be on us, and on our children.” Matthew Matthew 27:24-25
  29. 29. “Christ set us free, to be free men. Stand firm, then, and refuse to be tied to the yoke of slavery again. Mark my words: I, Paul, say to you that if you receive circumcision, Christ will do you no good at all.” Galatians 5:1-6 Paul
  30. 30. And Paul said, “Do not give heed to Jewish fables and commandments of merely human origin that turn men from the truth;…nothing is pure to the tainted minds of disbelievers….They [the Jews] profess to acknowledge God, but deny him by their actions.Their detestable obstinacy disqualifies them for any good work.”Paul
  31. 31.  Rule of Constantine I,  Imperial Rome. 313,  Christianity becomes official religion,  ChristianTestament influences Roman law.  Oppression increases,  Jews & those engaging in same-sex sexuality
  32. 32.  1215, Pope proclaimed Host actual body of Jesus.  Beginning, Jews accused of host desecration.
  33. 33.  Clergy began legend  Jews stole Hosts from churches  Pierced with knives  Re-crucify Jesus’ body  Myth legitimize continued persecution of Jews.
  34. 34.  Dominican scholar  Born 1225.  Early proponent of “natural law.”  Morality based on constraints of human nature.
  35. 35.  Aquinas said usury (lending money for profit)  Unjust, against “natural law”  Forbidden to Christians.  Jews invited to regions to collect taxes, lend money.  Blamed for economic problems  Expelled or massacred.  Stereotype born:  Jews money-lovers, cheap, miserly.
  36. 36.  : Żyd w sieni pieniadze w kieszeni (“A Jew in the room, a coin in the pocket”) Purchased, Aug. 2014, Souvenir Store, Sanok, Poland
  37. 37.  Court preacher to the Bishop of Antioch “Do not let it surprise you that I have called the Jews disastrous because they are really disastrous and miserable….Such unreasoning animals are suited for slaughter, because they are not suited for work….The synagogue is not only a brothel and a theatre, but also a den for robbers and a shelter for wild beasts.”
  38. 38. Jews themselves were almost always attacked following the confiscation and burning of their sacred texts. Pope Gregory IX ordered all copies of the Jewish holy book, theTalmud, confiscated, 1239 Pope John XXII ordered all copies of the Talmud burned on eve of Jewish Passover, 1322
  39. 39.  Two statues on the Strasbourg Cathedral, 1250  Positive Christian view of the Church on the left: eyes open looking outward.  Negative view of the Synagogue on the right: blindfolded, face downward, holding broken staff.
  40. 40.  In 1517, the Protestant Reformation results in a schism in Christianity.  Catholic and Protestant leaders, however, agree on one issue—the Jews.  In 1526, Luther published a book called, On the Jews andTheir Lies.  In it, he recommended…
  41. 41. “First, their synagogues should be set on fire.” Jewish prayer books should be destroyed and rabbis forbidden to preach.The homes of Jews should likewise be “smashed and destroyed” and their residents “put under one roof or in a stable like gypsies, to teach them they are not master in our land.”
  42. 42. These “poisonous envenomed worms should be drafted into forced labor.The young and strong Jews and Jewesses should be given the flail, the ax, the hoe, the spade, the distaff, and the spindle and let them earn their bread by the sweat of their noses.” As a last resort, they should simply be kicked out “for all time.”
  43. 43.  First, Jews forced to convert to Christianity and be Baptized, or be killed.  1412: Bishop Pable de Santa Maria decreed Jewish areas to be enclosed, Jews to wear badges of identification.  1492: Jews driven out of Spain.  Jews burned to death in Church auto-da-fe (Act of Faith).
  44. 44. “Today I believe that I am acting in accordance with the will of the Almighty Creator: by defending myself against theJew, I am fighting for the work of the Lord.”
  45. 45.  U.S. Catholic Priest  Ministry, Shrine of the Little Flower, Royal Oak, Michigan  Leader of the anti-Semitic Christian Front, 1930s.  Support for Fascism and Nazism.  Warned of a “Judeo- Bolshevik” threat to the U.S.
  46. 46.  Genesis 19:1-25: Sodom and Gomorra:  From the Jewish Bible (also known as the “Old Testament”) the story of the destruction of Sodom is frequently cited to justify condemnations of homosexuality. However, there are a number of problems in interpreting this story as an argument for a divine proscription of homosexuality. Many early Jews and Christians, and some current Biblical scholars, interpret the sin of Sodom to be that of inhospitality toward strangers, and unrelated to sex.
  47. 47.  Leviticus 18:22:  “Thou shalt not lie with mankind, as with womankind: it is an abomination.”  Some Biblical scholars argue that these condemnations of homosexuality were in fact referring to same-sex temple rituals, a practice that was apparently common among the Greeks, Canaanites, and other neighboring groups, and was not a condemnation of homosexuality, per se—a concept that was largely unknown in ancient times as we know it today.
  48. 48.  Statement of Principles on the Place of Jews with a Homosexual Orientation in Our Community, 2010 “Halakhic (legal) Judaism views all male and female same-sex sexual interactions as prohibited...[and] cannot give its blessing and imprimatur to Jewish religious same-sex commitment ceremonies and weddings, and halakhic values proscribe individuals and communities from encouraging practices that grant religious legitimacy to gay marriage and couplehood.”
  49. 49.  On a proposed LGBT parade through Jerusalem, 2005 (WorldPride):  “This parade poses a real threat to the citizens of Israel.” Orthodox Jews Protest Proposed WorldPride Parade in Jerusalem
  50. 50.  In the Christian scriptures (sometimes called the “NewTestament”), four passages in particular have been interpreted as condemnations of homosexuality.
  51. 51.  Paul is said to have denounced women who were involved in same- sex relationships. “In consequence, God has given them up to shameful passions.Their women have exchanged natural intercourse for unnatural.” Paul
  52. 52.  ...and Paul extended this rebuke to men: “And likewise also the men, giving up natural relations with women, burn with lust for one another; males behave indecently with males, and are paid in their own persons the fitting wage of such perversion.”Paul
  53. 53. “For whoremonger, for them that defile themselves with mankind, for menstealers, for liars, for perjured persons, and if there be any other thing that is contrary to sound doctrine.”
  54. 54. “Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived; neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind.”
  55. 55.  Aquinas believed that same-sex sexuality (and any sexual act not intended for procreation, including masturbation) were vices against nature, which violated the will of God.  Against “natural law.”
  56. 56. “Homosexual persons are called to chastity. By the virtues of self-mastery that teach them inner freedom, at times by the support of disinterested friendship, by prayer and sacramental grace, they can and should gradually and resolutely approach Christian perfection.”
  57. 57. “Basing itself upon Sacred Scripture, which presents homosexual acts as acts of grave depravity, tradition has always declared that homosexual acts are gravely disordered.They are contrary to natural law.They close the sexual act to the gift of love [i.e., children]. They do not proceed from a genuine affective and sexual complementarity. Under no circumstances can they be approved.”
  58. 58.  Pope Benedict argued that saving humanity from homosexual or transgender “behavior” was just as important as saving the rainforest from destruction.  He said that humanity needed to "listen to the language of creation" to understand the intended roles of man and woman. He compared behavior beyond traditional heterosexual relations as "a destruction of God's work."
  59. 59. “Homosexual behavior violates the commandments of God, is contrary to the purposes of human sexuality, distorts loving relationships, and deprives people of the blessings that can be found in family life and in the saving ordinances of the gospel.Those who persist in such behavior or who influence others to do so are subject to Church discipline. Homosexual behavior can be forgiven through sincere repentance.” From Handbook of Instructions
  60. 60.  2010 “Resolution on Homosexuality and the United States Military” “RESOLVED,That the messengers to the Southern Baptist Convention…affirm the Bible’s declaration that homosexual behavior is intrinsically disordered and sinful, and we also affirm the Bible’s promise of forgiveness, change, and eternal life to all sinners (including those engaged in homosexual sin) who repent of sin and trust in the saving power of Jesus Christ (1 Corinthians 6:9-11).”
  61. 61.  On Proposition 8 to deny marriage to same- sex couples, California, Nov. 2008 “For 5,000 years, EVERY culture and EVERY religion -- not just Christianity -- has defined marriage as a contract between men and women.There is no reason to change the universal, historical definition of marriage to appease 2% of our population….This is not a political issue, it is a moral issue that God has spoken clearly about.”
  62. 62.  Senate Republican Majority Leader, 1998,  Proclaimed that homosexuality is a disease and sin: “It is [a sin]….You should try to show them a way to deal with that problem, just like alcohol…or sex addiction…or kleptomaniacs.”
  63. 63.  Ann Coulter, at Republican Party Conservative Political Action Conference, 2007  Called Democratic presidential candidate, John Edwards a “faggot.”  Loud and sustained applause and laughter from most of the conference delegates.
  64. 64.  Independent Baptist Minister  Founder,Westboro Baptist Church  Topeka, Kansas  Most natural disasters  TerroristActs  Caused by God’s scorn on societies that tolerate homosexuality “These fags are going to hell. And I'm supposed to be quiet about that? I'm supposed to get lockjaw? The Bible's just full of hell, the wrath of God.”
  65. 65. “The reason Jews belong in the same category as homosexuals is because they’re both vile sinners before God — period. See for the facts. There is not a group of people more sodomy-enabling in this world than the apostate reprobate Jews.” Shirley Phelps-Roper Personal Letter to Warren J. Blumenfeld
  66. 66.  Arab Member of Israeli Knesset (Parliament)  On a proposed LGBT parade through Jerusalem, 2005 (WorldPride):  “If gays will dare approach theTemple Mount during the parade, they will do so over our dead bodies.”
  67. 67.  Fear, intimidation, and a number of executions of gay men reported in Iran under Ahmadinejad.  “Iranian human rights campaigners estimate that 4000 gay men have been executed since the Islamic revolution of 1979.” people-sunday_news?from=rss Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
  68. 68. 2. Immature Developmental Stage
  69. 69.  Jews and LGBTs have also been represented as an immature developmental stage.  Many past and present-day religious leaders consider Judaism as merely an intermediate or immature religious stage on the way to Christianity — the advanced, mature faith, and view the Jewish Bible as only a prelude to the eventual coming of Jesus.
  70. 70.  Christian depictions of the obstinacy of the Jews by refusing to take the Christian Gospels, the ultimate and “advanced” religious teachings, as their own.
  71. 71.  Throughout history, Christians have been anxious to convert Jews and other “non- believers”—an indication that they not only consider Judaism to be an incomplete religious consciousness,  Some see this as a form of cultural imperialism.
  72. 72.  How to Respond to Judaism,  Modern booklet, characterizes the Jewish faith as “inadequate because it does not haveJesus, the Messiah, as the object of faith.”
  73. 73.  WHEREAS, Jesus commanded that "repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name among all nations, beginning at Jerusalem" (Lk. 24:47); and  WHEREAS, Our evangelistic efforts have largely neglected the Jewish people, both at home and abroad; and…  BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED, That we recommit ourselves to prayer, especially for the salvation of the Jewish people as well as for the salvation of "every kindred and tongue and people and nation" (Rev. 5:9); and  BE IT FINALLY RESOLVED, That we direct our energies and resources toward the proclamation of the gospel to the Jewish people.
  74. 74.  I received a brochure at my home in October 1997, from a group called “MessiahToday” out ofWaverly Hall, Georgia, insisting that I must “see the truth,” in their terms. “If you rejectJesus, you do so not because the facts are lacking, but out of a choice not to believe the valid evidence. It is not so much that you cannot believe, but that you will not believe.Whether you will admit it or not, Jesus is the Messiah on whom your eternal destiny rests.”
  75. 75.  Another Christian conversion program: so- called “Jews for Jesus” – an oxymoron – (also known as “Messianic Jews,” or “Completed Jews”).  Purpose: to convince Jews that their Messiah has come as Jesus Christ.  Evangelical Christians.
  76. 76.  CNBC show “The Big Idea,” 2007,  Columnist and author said everyone on earth should be Christian and that Jews needed to be "perfected….It is better if we were all Christians.”
  77. 77.  “JAP” (or “Jewish American Princess”) jokes appears on college campuses.  Though some college students see this as innocuous, it represents young Jewish women as:  immature, spoiled, greedy, selfish, sexually frigid, and dependent, usually on their doting fathers.  These so-called jokes are thinly disguised general modern stereotypical representations of Jews and the Jewish religion as:  rich, self-absorbed, clannish, bloodsucking, and immature and/or lacking in religious consciousness.
  78. 78.  In 1859, posited an evolutionary theory of plant and animal development.  The physical, mental, and moral characteristics of the human species had evolved gradually over large expanses of time.
  79. 79.  Within Darwinian theory is the concept of continuity and advancement, from animal to human, from savage to civilized.  Though Darwin did not assert this,  Some of Darwin’s successors extended his ideas to theorize:  Judaism and homosexuality are throwbacks to earlier stages of religious and human development.
  80. 80.  1904 German magazine,  Depicts how underdeveloped immature Hanukkah menorah, symbolizing Judaism,  Evolved into the highly developed mature Christmas tree, symbolizingChristianity  (Even though Christians borrowed the symbol of the tree from Paganism).
  81. 81.  Many Protestant denominations continue to view Judaism as an inadequate and misguided religion.  And for Catholics, not until 1965, at the SecondVatican Council were Jews exonerated for the death of Jesus.  Likewise, for some religious denominations, homosexuality is still considered a sin and LGBT people as sinners.
  82. 82.  Two such theorists were American physicians, G. Frank Lydston and James Kiernan posited homosexuals and bisexuals as a kind of remnant of the primitive organisms from which humans developed.
  83. 83.  U. S. Urologist, Surgeon, and Professor from Chicago  In 1889, Lydston delivered a lecture,College of Physicians and Surgeons in Chicago  Sexual perverts (homosexuals) are “physically abnormal” (immature).
  84. 84.  “…the unfortunate class of individuals who are characterized by perverted sexuality have been viewed in the light of their moral responsibility rather than as the victims of a physical and incidentally of a mental defect….Even to the moralist there should be much satisfaction in the thought that a large class of sexual perverts are physically abnormal rather than morally leprous.”
  85. 85.  1892 Published Responsibility in Sexual Perversion  In Chicago Medical Recorder  First known use of term “homosexual” in print.
  86. 86. Sigmund Freud, advanced a four-stage model of psychosexual development: 1. Newborn infants “polymorphously perverse,” deriving pleasure from tactile sensations anywhere on their bodies 2. Then developing a sexual drive in the mouth, (Oral Stage) 3. Then the anus, (Anal Stage) 4. Ultimately, the genitals (Genital Stage)
  87. 87.  Freud asserted that homosexuality a developmental disorder,  A fixation at one of the intermediate “pregenital” stages,  He believed caused, at least in part, by an incomplete resolution in males of the Oedipal complex.  In this way, Freud saw gay men as perpetual children. What does he know? He smoked!
  88. 88.  Although records back to antiquity documented universal existence of same-sex sexuality,  Not until 19th century C.E. that scientific community  Created categories of sexual orientation,  Leading to “medicalization” of homosexuality and construction as immutable biological type.  Gay males seen as feminized males  Lesbians as masculinized females
  89. 89.  The image of the rather silly, childish gay man has adorned movies and other popular media into the twentieth century, as in this scene from the 1932 U.S. film.
  90. 90.  As Christians have attempted to convert Jews, many sectors, from religious ministries, to the medical and psychiatric establishments have attempted to convert LGBTs.
  91. 91. “Homosexuals Anonymous - the oldest and longest- running organization in the world helping individuals with unwanted same-sex attraction (SSA) leave homosexuality!”
  92. 92. “Parents and Friends of Ex-Gays & Gays (PFOX) is the nation’s leading advocacy organization for love, support, and positive life change for the ex-gay community, their families, and individuals with unwanted same-sex attractions.”Flee from sexual lust and fornication, for every other sin is committed outside the body, but sexual immorality is a sin against your soul, your identity and body. 1 Corinthians 6:18
  93. 93.  A “conversion” program” intended to change the client from homosexual or bisexual to heterosexual, or transgender to cisgender.
  94. 94. 3. Immutable BiologicalType
  95. 95.  “Race” socially constructed.  The concept of “race” arose concurrently with advent of European exploration as justification for conquest and domination of the globe beginning in 15th century C.E.  “Race” is historical, “scientific,” & biological myth. It is an idea.  Geneticists tell us there is often more variability within a given so-called “race” than between “races.”  No essential genetic markers linked specifically to “race.”
  96. 96.  Though biologists and social scientists proven that “race” socially constructed (produced, manufactured),  People face very real consequences in societies that maintain racist policies and practices on:  Individual,  Interpersonal,  Institutional, &  Larger Societal Levels.
  97. 97.  Cultural Genocide: attempt to destroy other cultures through forced acquiescence and assimilation to majority rules and standards  Works through “Deculturalization”: process of destroying a people’s culture and replacing it with a new culture Joel Spring, 2004
  98. 98.  Born Carl Linné  Swedish Botanist, Physician, and Zoologist.  “Father of ModernTaxonomy”  Book: Systema Naturae  “LinnaeanTaxonomy”: System of Scientific Hierarchical Classification.  Kingdoms; Classes; Orders; Genera (Genus); Species. (Wikipedia)
  99. 99.  He is also known as “The Father of Scientific Racism.”  Five levels under Homo sapiens, based initially on place of origin, then on skin color:  Europeanus  Asiaticus  Americanus  Monstrosus  Africanus
  100. 100.  Europeanus: sanguine, pale, muscular, swift, clever, inventive, governed by laws.  Asiaticus: melancholic, yellow, inflexible, severe, avaricious, dark-eyed, governed by opinions.  Americanus (Native Americans): choleric, copper- colored, straightforward, eager, combative, governed by customs.  Monstrosus (dwarfs of the Alps, the Patagonian giant, the monorchid Hottentot): agile, fainthearted.  Africanus: phlegmatic, black, slow, relaxed, negligent, governed by impulse.
  101. 101.  Later European scientists separated Homo sapiens in six different categories: 1. Caucasoid: Europe, North Africa, Southwest Asia 2. Mongoloid: East Asia, Siberia, the Americas 3. Polynesians: 4. Native Americans: 5. Australoid: indigenous Australians 6. Negroid: Central and Southern Africa (Ramon)
  102. 102.  Late 19th Century  Jews & Homosexuals  Scientific Community  Distinct “Racial”Types
  103. 103.  French diplomat & essayist.  1853, in Essays on the Inequality of the Human Races  Posited a supposed “Aryan” race: an “original tribe” that resided in the Himalayas, the “cradle of the Caucasian race.”  Jews were not a part of this tribe.
  104. 104. “the…French, German, and Polish Jews—they all look alike. I have had the opportunity of examining closely one of the last kind. His features and profile clearly betrayed his origin. His eyes especially were unforgettable.”.”
  105. 105.  French historian and writer.  Posited that the Jewish or “Semitic” mind is superficial, while the “Aryan” mind is natural and wise.
  106. 106.  “Biological Determinism”  Essentialist or biological bases for human behavior  Jews have a “uniform appearance” independent of geographic locations.
  107. 107.  Extended Darwin’s theories:  Jews not simply separate religious, ethnic, or political group  Jews, black Africans, homosexuals = lower / earlier forms of human species.  Distinct lower “racial” types  Immutable biological characteristics  Jews separate “race”: “mixed” or “bastard race”  Jews crossed “racial” barriers interbreeding with black Africans during Jewish Diaspora
  108. 108.  Darwin’s cousin.  British psychologist.  “Eugenics Movement”  “Eugenics” 1883, Greek, “well born” or “good origins or breeding”  Science of improving qualities of a “race”  Control human breeding
  109. 109.  “TheJews are specialized for a parasitical existence upon other nations.”  Jews are easily identifiable by their “Jewish physiognomy.”
  110. 110. “Who has not heard people characterize such and such a man or woman they see in the streets as Jewish without in the least knowing anything about them?The street Arab who calls out ‘Jew’ as some child hurries on to school is unconsciously giving the best and most disinterested proof that there is a reality in theJewish expression.”
  111. 111.  Eyes (large, bulbous)  Gaze (pathological, searing, cunning, cold, piercing)  Nose (hooked, large, curling nasal folds)  Lips (prominent, thick)  Forehead (receding)  Chin (receding)  Ears (large)  Hair (curly, black)  Skin (dark, “swarthy”)  Shoulders (stooping)  Feet (weak, flat)  Rump (deflated)
  112. 112.  From the MiddleAges forward,  With the practice of circumcision,  Jewish men were said to menstruate.
  113. 113.  Some viewed the supposed way Jews spoke as proof of their racial otherness. “The so-called Jewish accent (mauscheln) is a Jewish race trait, as ineradicable in them as the Jewish type itself….This is very decidedly a race trait, since it is found among theJews of all countries” (Andree, 1881).
  114. 114.  Richard Wagner  German composer  Early exponent of Jewish racialization.  Essay: Das Judentum in der Musik (The Jews in Music) (1850).  He attacked the Jewish influence on German culture in general, and on music in particular. in particular.
  115. 115. “Of decisive importance is the nature of the influence of theJew’s pronunciation upon us; particularly, this is the essential point of departure in a study of theJewish influence on music. Particularly repulsive to us is the purely sensual manifestation of theJewish language…in the matter of the Semitic mode of pronunciation…” RichardWagner (1850)
  116. 116. “Our ear feels the absolutely foreign and unpleasant sound of a certain hissing, strident, lisping, and choking pronunciation in the Jewish speech; a distortion and peculiar rearrangement of the words and of phrase constructions [which] imparts to this pronunciation the character of a confused babbling…[and a] repulsive manner of the Jewish speech….” RichardWagner (1850)
  117. 117.  An stream of Eugenics.  The study of the shape & size of the human skull.  Based on the belief that the size and shape of the skull indicates human mental facilities and moral character.
  118. 118.  Asserted a section of the Jewish skull and brain are “abnormally developed” indicating that Jews are highly concerned with money and finances.  Nicholas Wade, (2014)  ATroublesome Inheritance  Jews posses a genetic “adaptation to capitalism”
  119. 119.  U.S. Lawyer, Eugenicist  Co-founder, with Henry Fairfield Osborn, of the Galton Society for the Study of the Origin and Evolution of Man, 1918.  Grant Influential in Immigration Restriction and Anti-Miscegenation Policies.  Book: The Passing of the Great Race (1916) the so-called “racial” history of Europe: a work of “scientific racism.”
  120. 120.  Nordics: natural rulers & administrators, which accounted for England’s “extraordinary ability to govern justly & firmly the lower races” (Grant, 1916, p. 207).  Alpines: “…always and everywhere a race of peasants” with a tendency toward “democracy” although submissive to authority. (p. 227).  Mediterraneans: inferior to both Nordics & Alpines in “bodily stamina,” but superior in “the field of art.” Also, superior to the Alpines in “intellectual attainments,” but far behind Nordics “in literature and in scientific research and discovery” (p. 229)  Jews: most inferior
  121. 121.  Polish Jews: “…the Polish Jew, whose dwarf stature, peculiar mentality and ruthless concentration on self- interest….(p. 16), present themselves in “swarms” (p. 63). “The result of the mixture of two races, in the long run, gives us a race reverting to the more ancient generalization and lower type.The cross between a white man and an Indian is an Indian, the cross between a white man and a Negro is a Negro, the cross between a white man and a Hindu is a Hindu, and the cross between any of the three European races and a Jew is a Jew” (p. 18).
  122. 122.  PresidentTeddy Roosevelt, of Grant’s book: “the work of an American scholar and gentleman; and all Americans should be sincerely grateful to you for writing it” (Roosevelt, 1933, in Brace, p. 177).  Grant’s book translated in German and provided added justification to Adolph Hitler in the writing of Mein Kampf (Brace, 2005).  Hitler wrote to Grant and referred to Grant’s book as his “Bible” (Kühl, 1994, p. 85).  Grant’s book impacted U.S. immigration legislation of 1924.
  123. 123.  1924, United States Congress,  Johnson-Reed Immigration Act: a.k.a. “National Origins Quota Act,” or “National Quota Act”  Restricted immigration from Eastern Europe, and further restricted immigration from Africa and Asia.  Specifically restricted immigrants of the “Hebrew Race.”  On the other hand, permitted large numbers of immigrants from England, Ireland, and Germany.
  124. 124. “Jews were called Asiatic and Mongoloid, as well as ‘primitive, tribal, Oriental.’ Immigration laws were changed in 1924 in response to the influx of these undesirable ‘Asiatic elements’” (Gilman, 1991).
  125. 125.  1939, Congress refused to passWagner- Rogers Bill, which would have permitted entry of 20,000 children from Eastern Europe over existing quotas. “20,000 charming children would, all too soon, grow into 20,000 ugly adults.” Laura Delano, cousin of F.D.R.
  126. 126.  Racial” arguments cornerstone for justification of persecution of Jews (as well as most people of color and people with disabilities).  Jews and others seen as descendants from inferior “racial stands.”
  127. 127.  Germany lostWWI because of its internal enemies: the Jews.  Nazi campaign of “moral, racial, and sexual purity” led to an intense and violent campaign against Jews and other groups.  Estimated 6 million Jews murdered: equal to two-thirds of European Jewry, and one- third of the entire world-wide Jewish population.
  128. 128.  The Nazis asserted that Jews polluted Aryan “race.”  They forced Jews to wear the yellow Star of David patches, a sign of “race pollution.”
  129. 129. Hitler said he was inspired by U.S. Indian reservation system.
  130. 130.  My cousins  Antwerp, Belgium ghetto during Nazi occupation  Yellow Stars of David  Murdered  Auschwitz-Birkenau Concentration Camp  Poland
  131. 131.  Great-grandfather Wolf & most of 14 children murdered  Grandfather Szymon immigrated to U.S. 1912  Great-grandmother Bascha died 1934 before Nazi invasion Wolf, Szymon, Bascha Mahler, 1932
  132. 132.  Foreseeing the claim that Judaism is simply a religion,  He condemned “this first and greatest lie, that theJews are not a race but a religion.The Jew has always been a people with a definite racial characteristic and never a religion.” (Hitler, 1943, pp. 306-307).
  133. 133.  Although records back to antiquity documented universal existence of same-sex sexuality,  Not until 19th century C.E. that scientific community  Created categories of sexual orientation,  Leading to “medicalization” of homosexuality and construction as immutable biological type.  Gay males seen as feminized males  Lesbians as masculinized females
  134. 134.  Austrian sex researcher  Sex “nauseous disease”  Homosexuality sign of “degeneration,” product of “vice.”
  135. 135.  English Sex Researcher  “Defender” of Homosexuality  Wife was Bisexual  Homosexuality hormonal in origin, inborn, “anomaly” like color blindness.  Referred to homosexuals as “inverts” and homosexuality as “inversion”:  They invert “normal” sexuality.
  136. 136.  U.S. Physician, 1921: “A physical examination of [female homosexuals] will in practically every instance disclose an abnormally prominent clitoris.”
  137. 137.  French Forensic Medical Scientist, 1857: “This degeneracy is evidenced in men who engage in same- sex eroticism by their underdeveloped, tapered penis resembling that of a dog, and a naturally smooth anus lacking in radial folds.”
  138. 138.  U.S. Physician, 1896: “[The lesbian] is usually of a masculine type, or if she presented none of the ‘characteristics’ of the male, was a subject of pelvic disorder, with scanty menstruation, and was more or less hysterical and insane.”
  139. 139.  Swiss physician, 1906 “The [sexual] excesses of female inverts exceed those of the male,...and this is their one thought night and day, almost without interruption. [Male inverts] feel the need for passive submission...and occupy themselves with feminine pursuits. Nearly all [female and male] inverts are in a more or less marked degree psychopaths or neurotics.”
  140. 140. Homosexuality: “Un-Germanic” + “Corrosive” Jewish Elements = Germany’s Decline
  141. 141.  Adolph Hitler  Heinrich Himmler  Homosexuality caused by having a Jewish Ancestor
  142. 142.  Nazis devised elaborate coding system for concentration camp prisoners.  Inmates classified by patches of different colors corresponding to alleged “crime.”
  143. 143.  Jews were forced to wear a yellow Star of David;  gay men a pink triangle placed point down on both the left shirt sleeve and right pant leg:  political prisoners (liberals, socialists, Communists) a red triangle;  hard-core criminals a green triangle;  Jehovah’s Witnesses a purple triangle;  Roma a brown triangle;  “Stateless” people a blue triangle;  “Anti-socials (people living on the streets, drunk people) a black triangle.  Since the German law forbidding homosexuality did not extend to females, a number of lesbians were sent to the camps under the black triangle accused of vagrancy or a red triangle of political prisoners.
  144. 144. Men convicted under Paragraphs 175 sent to:  Dachau  Buchenwald  Fuhlsbüttel  Flossenberg  Mauthausen  Gross-Rosen  Mittelbau  Natzweiler  Neuengamme  Ravensbruck  Sachsenhausen  Stutthof
  145. 145.  Paragraph 175, German Penal Code, not apply to women  Some lesbians, sent to camps:  Anti-Socials  Political Prisoners ▪ Resistance Movements ▪ Communists, Socialists Some forced to serve in camp brothels for Nazi guards
  146. 146. Gay & Jewish
  147. 147. 4. Abuse & “Recruitment” ofYouth
  148. 148.  Sometimes Jews & LGBTs constructed as non-human.  A crucial point in the psychology of scapegoating is the representation of minoritized people as, in historian John Boswell’s words,  “animals bent on the destruction of the children of the majority.”  Both Jews and LGBTs have long been accused of being dangerous predators of youth.
  149. 149.  Anti-Jewish motif printed in medieval texts & carved into a number of churches in Central Europe  Depicts Jews sexually entwined with a pig, sucking the sow’s utter and eating & drinking its excrement.
  150. 150.  Jewish woman giving birth to two pigs. Johann Fischart, Strasbourg, 1574
  151. 151.  Middle Ages  Hyena (an animal with a supposed “homosexual nature” who continually changed sexes)  Common reference to both those engaging in sexual activity with their own sex, and to Jews.12th Century
  152. 152. Picture Caption: The hyena “is an unclean animal...sometimes male and sometimes female,” and “the children of Israel are thought to be similar to this animal, since they first worshipped their Lord and then, abandoning themselves to pleasure and lust, venerated idols and now pursue avarice...”
  153. 153.  The hyena’s association with Jews, and LGBTs  Perpetuated in depictions of its predatory nature  The claim it robbed graves and devoured corpses.  Small leap of imagination that Jews and LGBTs also abuse and recruit children.
  154. 154.  1144, the beginning of the so-called “Blood Libel,” in England.  Jews accused of sleighingWilliam of Norwich, a Christian male child,  to use his blood in the making of the sacred Jewish matzos.
  155. 155.  1475, Simon ofTrent in Northern Italy,  Son of a tanner  3 years old  Allegedly killed by Jews for his blood.
  156. 156.  Jews killed for allegedly murdering Simon ofTrent
  157. 157.  Jews, accused of using Christian youth’s blood because it was virginal and innocent  Most potent medication to heal 1. hemorrhoids, 2. relieve pain during circumcision, 3. increase fertility, 4. Cure the “stink of the Jews.” 5. Replenish Jewish women & men from lost blood during menstruation
  158. 158.  Jews also accused of slaughtering Christian male children because they wanted to symbolically kill Jesus again.
  159. 159.  Jews also accused of inflicting circumcision on Christian infants  To involuntary convert them to Judaism (“recruitment”).  Jews accused of “blood libel into 20th century.
  160. 160.  Anti-JewishGerman children’s book, 1938  Der Giftpilz (The Poison Mushroom)  By StürmerVerlag  Jewish man depicted as a child molester luring children with candy
  161. 161. “Free ranging Jewish pedophiles defile thousands of innocent white children.”
  162. 162. Though, overwhelming majority of cases, child abuse and molestation committed by close family members, primarily men who identify as heterosexual, the cultural perception persists that primarily gay men — and by association, lesbians, bisexuals, and trans* people — attack youth.
  163. 163.  Largest group abused or molested were young females by adult males.  82% offenders identified as heterosexual partners of close family member,  3.1% offenders were identified as homosexual  Study’s Conclusion: The children in the group studied were unlikely to have been molested by identifiably gay or lesbian people. Pediatrics, July 1994
  164. 164.  Former beauty queen & Florida Orange Juice Commission spokesperson,  “Save Our Children” campaign,  Succeeded overturning gay- rights ordinance,  Dade Country, Florida, 1977,  Reinstated, 1998
  165. 165.  Leader  FamilyValues Coalition  In a fundraising letter: “Gays and lesbians live perverted, twisted lives that feed upon the unsuspecting and the innocent, like our children.They want your children.”
  166. 166. Former, RadioTalk Show Host "I'm sorry, hear it one more time perfectly clearly: If you're gay or a lesbian, it's a biological error that inhibits you from relating normally to the opposite sex.” "A huge portion of the male homosexual populace is predatory on young boys.“
  167. 167.  Was, Evangelical Baptist pastor  Televangelist  Founder, 1971, Liberty University  Lynchburg,Virginia  Co-Founder, Moral Majority  Supported, Anita Bryant’s “Save Our Children” campaign "Gay folks would just as soon kill you as look at you.” "AIDS is not just God's punishment for homosexuals, it is God's punishment for the society that tolerates homosexuals.“ He called Ellen Degeneres: “Ellen Degenerate”
  168. 168. Tinky Winkie is a “homosexual role model” for homosexual recruitment since it is purple and has a triangle on its head – both have been symbols used by homosexuals. Teletubbies Tinky Winkie
  169. 169.  Co-Founder  ConcernedWomen for America Gays and Lesbians "want their depraved 'values' to become our children's values. Homosexuals expect society to embrace their immoral way of life. Worse yet, they are looking for new recruits!“
  170. 170. President, Family Research Council On child abuse: “Homosexual men are more likely to abuse children than straight men.“ Keep Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell: “homosexual misconduct” in the military will increase without the policy On Elena Kagan’s nomination to the Supreme Court: “We do not need a justice on the Supreme Court who sees it as her life mission to write the homosexual version of Roe v. Wade by striking down one-man, one-woman marriage across America.”
  171. 171. SHOULD HOMOSEXUALS HAVE EQUAL RIGHTS IN JOB OPPORTUNITIES? 78% Yes - 17% No SHOULD HOMOSEXUALS BE HIRED IN EACH OF THE FOLLOWING OCCUPATIONS? (Percent saying “No”) 46% - High School Teachers 49% - Elementary School Teachers 52% - Clergy (1992)
  172. 172.  Presidential Platform  1992  “[The Republican Party] opposes any legislation or law which legally recognizes same-sex marriages and allows such couples to adopt children or provide foster care.”
  173. 173. "Boy Scouts of America believes that homosexual conduct is inconsistent with the obligations in the Scout Oath and Scout Law to be morally straight and clean in thought, word, and deed….Most boys join Scouting when they are 10 or 11 years old. As they continue in the program, all Scouts are expected to take leadership positions. In the unlikely event that an older boy were to hold himself out as homosexual, he would not be able to continue in a youth leadership position."
  174. 174.  Assistant Scoutmaster  Co-president Lesbian/Gay StudentAlliance.  Rutgers University  Expelled from BSA
  175. 175.  2000, Supreme Court  Boy Scouts of America  Have constitutional Rights  Freedom of Association
  176. 176.  Votes to end ban on gay and bisexual scouts  Votes to continue ban on LGBT scout leaders  June 2013
  177. 177. 5. Domination and Destruction of “Civilized” Society
  178. 178.  Laws published in 534  Anti-Jewish & Anti-Same-Sex  Undermining foundations of Roman society, &  Ultimately destroy all life on Earth  Roman law affected many later civil laws throughout Europe, and eventually the United States.
  179. 179. Anti-Same-Sex Laws: Death Penalty for Men “For because of such crimes [as men engaging in same-sex relations] there are famines, earthquakes, and pestilences.” “If, with eyes as if were blinded, we overlook such impious and forbidden conduct, we may provoke the good God to anger and bring ruin upon all.”
  180. 180. Anti-Jewish Laws 1. Jews who convert Christians to Judaism will lose all possessions & punished with death, 2. Sexual relations between Jews & Christians severely punished, 3. Jews who circumcise Christians will lose all their possessions & banished for life, 4. Jews can no longer hold any public office, 5. Jews who build synagogues will be fined 50 pounds of gold, will have their entire fortune confiscated, and will be punished with death.
  181. 181.  During Spanish Inquisition, by 1492  Viewed Jews enemies to Christian world  Driven out of Spain.  Many Jews, & those suspected of engaging in same- sex sexuality, burned at the stake or stoned to death.
  182. 182.  Around 1800 C.E.  Began imagery of lecherous Jew  Predator of white women and girls
  183. 183.  Booklet  Originally Czarist Russia, 1895  Circulated throughout the world.  Written anonymously  Someone working Russian secret police  To influence policies of Czar Nicholas II on the Jews.  A forgery of minutes of fictitious conference where rabbis plotted to overtake and dominate the world.
  184. 184.  Though Jews had little control over their lives in many European countries,  Stereotype obsessed with money and power  Interested in world domination persists into the modern era.
  185. 185.  The Rothschild family,  1898 French caricature,  Symbol of Jewish world control.
  186. 186.  Grandson of a rabbi,  Parents Christian converts  1844 essay “On the Jewish Question”: “What is the worldly cult of the Jew? Huckstering.What is his worldlyGod? Money....”
  187. 187. Jews sucking liceTyphus, Nazi occupied Poland  MiddleAges: Black Death  19th century: Syphilis – “The Jewish Disease”  20th century: Typhus Jews accused of causing Black Death and murdered
  188. 188.  “The EternalJew”  Nazi Propaganda film, 1940  Race polluters  Destroyers of Germany
  189. 189.  Jews:  47% of robberies  98% of prostitutes “TheJews are only 1 percent of the population, but they know how to terrorize a great, tolerant nation by controlling finance, the arts, education, and the media.”
  190. 190. Nazis portrayed Jews as responsible for the war. Churchill Roosevelt Stalin
  191. 191. Stereotype as controllers continues
  192. 192. Stereotype as controllers continues
  193. 193.  Jews privileged class of rich super Capitalists manipulating banking systems.  Jews radical Communists and Socialists attempting overthrow Capitalism
  194. 194.  Film  Producer: Springs of LifeChurch, early 1990s  Purpose: Influence reversal of equality ordinances
  195. 195. Film stated:  “17% of homosexual men consume human feces for erotic thrills,”  “28% of homosexual men engage in sodomy with more than one thousand partners,”  “They spread diseases that imperil the entire society.”
  196. 196.  President Reagan’sChief of Communications  AIDS does not deserve compassionate response “The poor homosexuals -- they have declared war upon nature, and now nature is extracting an awful retribution (AIDS).” (Los Angeles Times, 11/28/86).
  197. 197.  Sounding like Justinian Code 15 centuries earlier  In response to LGBT-Pride events in Orlando, Florida. “I would warn Orlando that you’re right in the way of some serious hurricanes, and I don’t think I’d be waving those [rainbow] flags in God’s face if I were you….A condition like this [homosexuality] will bring about the destruction of your nation. It’ll bring about terrorist bombs; it’ll bring earthquakes, tornadoes, and possibly a meteor.”
  198. 198. Hurricane Katrina was God's punishment in response to America's abortion policy. [Feminism is] a socialist, anti-family, political movement that encourages women to leave their husbands, kill their children, practice witchcraft, destroy capitalism and become lesbians.
  199. 199.  16 New England Catholic Bishops statement, June 2000  FollowingVermont legislature recognizing civil unions for same-sex couples,April 2000. “The Legislature of the State of Vermont, by passing the Civil Unions Bill, has attacked centuries of cultural and religious esteem for marriage between a man and a woman and has prepared the way for an attack on the well-being of society itself…” Former Boston Catholic Cardinal Law Delivered the Joint Statement
  200. 200.  Film: Homosexual a “privileged class” & “not oppressed:  average income $55,430 — far in excess of national average  60% college graduates  66% take frequent overseas vacations.  48% professional positions of power & control
  201. 201.  Former Speaker  U.S. House of Representatives "I think there is a gay and secular fascism in this country that wants to impose its will on the rest of us, is prepared to use violence, to use harassment. I think it is prepared to use the government if it can get control of it. I think that it is a very dangerous threat to anybody who believes in traditional religion.“
  202. 202.  Video & Book  Scott Lively  2014 MA candidate, Governor  President,AbidingTruth Ministries
  203. 203.  Lively alleges Hitler was bisexual,  Sex in prison with Rudolph Hess, “a known homosexual.” “It wasn’t just that homosexuals were involved in the Nazi party. Homosexuals created the Nazi party...[T]his organization was a machine that was constructed by militant, sadomasochistic, pedophilic homosexuals.”
  204. 204.  Oregon Citizens Alliance, early 1990s  “Homosexual Movement”  Controlling  Media  Schools  Politicians  Police
  205. 205. 1. Religious Condemnations
  206. 206. 2. Immature Developmental Stage
  207. 207. 3. Immutable (unchangeable) BiologicalTypes (separate “races”)
  208. 208. 4. Abuse & “Recruitment” ofYouth
  209. 209. 5. Domination and Destruction of “Civilized” Society
  210. 210. "Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful committed individuals can change the world. In fact, it's the only thing that ever has.“ Margaret Mead
  211. 211. [not] The End