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Speaking notes for a Presentation to the Nordic Council of Ministers’ Seminar on Indigenous Production and Trade


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A presentation that outlines the work undertaken during the 1994-96 period to try and put indigenous business and economic development on the international development agenda. In the early 1990s Indigenous issues were largely framed in terms of human rights and culture. This report summarizes some of the early work to move the donor and development community to also incorporate business and economic development and deal more effectively with economic marginalization.

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Speaking notes for a Presentation to the Nordic Council of Ministers’ Seminar on Indigenous Production and Trade

  1. 1. Inter-Indigenous Partnerships - Partnership in ActionSpeaking notes for a Presentation to the Nordic Council of Ministers’ Seminar onIndigenous Production and Trade in Copenhagen, Denmark, January 15-17, 1996byWayne Dunn, Executive Director Samuel Mercado, President & CEOApikan Indigenous Network Corporation for Indigenous Economic DevelopmentCanada NicaraguaOpening - Wayne Dunn Thank you. First, I want to introduce my colleague and friend, Samuel Mercado. Ourpresentation deals with inter-Indigenous partnerships, and we are presenting as partners. Samuelis a Miskito Indian from Nicaragua who has long been a leader in his peoples struggle fordevelopment, through wars, oppression and now as the President and CEO of CIDEsa, theCorporation for Indigenous Economic Development in the Atlantic region of Nicaragua. I want to congratulate the Nordic Council of Ministers and the Nordic Countries fortaking the lead and organizing this Seminar on Indigenous Production and Trade, and to thankthem for the opportunity to be here speaking with you. It is an honour to be speaking in thisforum and to have the opportunity to spend time listening to and visiting with all of you. I havealready learned so much from the presentations and the time spent with you. This is a trulyhistoric seminar. We are witnessing a paradigm shift as Indigenous peoples throughout theworld begin to increase their focus on issues of trade, production and economic development. “We are tired of companies coming in and using our resources and people - taking and leaving nothing behind, destroying our communities and our lands. We fought a war to hang to our communities and our way of life. Now we face another challenge - Economic Colonization. Now, if we don’t organize and train ourselves and create our own business structures we will be wiped out. We are looking to other Indigenous partners to work with, so we can share our opportunities, capacities and resources.” Brooklyn Rivera Miskito Indian Leader - Nicaragua Winnipeg Workshop on Indigenous Partnerships Sept.-23-95 Those words, spoken by Brooklyn at an international workshop on Indigenouspartnerships last September, are about inter-Indigenous partnerships - about partnership in action.We are in the United Nations International Decade of the World’s Indigenous Peoples and theTheme of the Decade is Partnership in Action. It is up to us, as Indigenous peoples, to make thattheme happen. Indigenous Partnerships - Presentation to Nordic Council - Jan 1996
  2. 2. -2-Structure of Presentation First, a few words on the structure of our presentation here today. I will briefly discussthe concept of inter-Indigenous partnerships and some of the work that has been happening todevelop and support this process, then I will give a couple quick examples of some exciting andsuccessful Indigenous businesses from Canada. I will also provide some comments on theproper range of Indigenous economic activities and who is responsible for deciding on that range. Following that, Samuel will give a quick history of the Miskito in Nicaragua, theirstruggles and opportunities leading to the formation of their business vehicle, CIDEsa. Then hewill describe an example of an inter-Indigenous partnership that is truly breaking new ground inIndigenous development - the business partnerships the Miskito of Nicaragua are negotiatingwith other Indigenous peoples as they take control of their development process. Following this we have some recommendations which will challenge the internationalcommunity to provide support to Indigenous trade, production and economic development, andto other bottoms-up Indigenous development initiatives.Who is Apikan and what do they do Apikan is a small organization, founded by Simon Brascoupé, an Algonquin/MohawkIndian from Canada. The organization is based in Ottawa and works to facilitate partnershipsand linkages amongst Indigenous peoples where they can share experience, strengths, resources,capacities and opportunities as they see fit. The partnerships Samuel will be describing later,where the Miskito are working with Indigenous businesses from Canada on joint ventures are anexample of this type of partnership. We are also working to encourage the internationalcommunity and nation states to support Indigenous peoples in their development priorities,especially as they relate to inter-Indigenous partnerships and economic development. Over the past two years our work has included organizing indigenous trade andpartnership missions, conferences, seminars and workshops on Indigenous trade anddevelopment, publishing reports and lobbying on the issue, speaking at events such as this andfacilitating actual partnerships such as the ones Samuel will describe later. A little over a year ago we organized a scoping mission to Central America to gaugegrassroots interest in inter-Indigenous partnerships with a focus on trade and income generationand to identify partnership opportunities. To our knowledge this was the first ever mission of itstype, and resulted in the publication of a report outlining nearly fifty such partnershipopportunities.What are Inter-Indigenous Partnerships? Inter-Indigenous partnerships are partnerships between Indigenous peoples where theyshare experiences, strengths, capacities, resources and opportunities in mutually beneficial ways.These partnerships can take the form of business partnerships such as Samuel will describe later,whereby the Miskito peoples had access to business opportunities in the resource sector, andwere looking for a partner who had financial and technical capacity and who shared some of theirApikan/CIDEsa Presentation 17-Jan-96Nordic Council of Ministers Seminar onIndigenous Production and TradeCopenhagen, Denmark
  3. 3. -3-values in relation to development, environment and the value of the land. They can also takemany other forms, such as sharing education and training experiences and opportunities, resourcemanagement experiences and needs, etc. Indigenous peoples have many strengths and capacities. Look around this room at all thestrengths and experiences we have here. Inter-Indigenous partnerships are about Indigenouspeoples sharing their strengths, capacities, resources and opportunities in sustainable ways andmutually beneficial ways. It is a dynamic process that is driven by Indigenous peoples,according to their priorities and objectives. Not by international organizations or experts settingdown ‘correct parameters for development’. Over the past 18 months I have met with Indigenous peoples at the community level inmany countries in Latin America and the Caribbean. I have also had the opportunity to meetwith many others at meetings and conferences such as this. By far the top priority has beenincome generation and dealing with economic marginalization. My friend Jose Oritz from CostaRica said it well yesterday when he said “A culture that cannot be financially self sufficient willdie.” That, my friends is the sad reality. Human rights are important, but you cannot eat them.And, I seriously question the long term sustainability of human rights by a people who continueto be so severely marginalized economically. Bio-diversity is important, but, the truth is, often our people are forced to destroy theenvironment and bio-diversity simply to survive. Without sustainable income generatingoptions, people are forced to adopt unsustainable practices simply to survive. For instance, whatof the Mayan people in Guatemala who are forced from their land and must clear new forests tohave land to plant so they can avoid starvation? As my friend Sandy Davis noted yesterday,poverty is severe in Indigenous communities and hunger is becoming an issue. Forced to choosebetween survival for themselves and their family and destroying more forest, people destroy theforest. And who can blame them. Who among us would not do the same thing, faced with thatchoice? Part of the solution my friends is to support and encourage sustainable incomegenerating practices and ways to deal with economic marginalization, not to simply oppose andcondemn unsustainable practices. Recently I had the honour of making a presentation to the International Conference onIndigenous Human Rights in Arequipa, Peru. My presentation focused on business, economicdevelopment and human rights. Recognizing that business and economic development have,historically, had a very damaging impact on Indigenous peoples, I argued that this does not haveto be the case, that there are alternative approaches and success stories where business andeconomic development have had very positive impacts on Indigenous peoples. I cited a numberof examples from Canada where Indigenous peoples, either through wholly owned businesses, orthrough joint ventures with non-Indigenous partners, have made business work for them and theirpeople. I was somewhat nervous making this presentation, because for so long Indigenous issueshave been presented on the international scene in terms of culture, human rights, bio-diversityand environment. Business has been very controversial to say the least. None the less, I wentahead with my presentation. The response was overwhelming. Over the next two days nearlyeveryone at the conference, the majority of the attendees were from the community level,approached me and wanted to discuss their economic development priorities and strategies andApikan/CIDEsa Presentation 17-Jan-96Nordic Council of Ministers Seminar onIndigenous Production and TradeCopenhagen, Denmark
  4. 4. -4-opportunities for collaboration. Economic development, trade and production was, for a majorityof them, their top priority. Another example of the priority community level people place on this issue alsohappened in Peru. I was with the Executive of the World Council of Indigenous People (WCIP)for an Executive Meeting in Chivay, Peru. We met with the Indigenous leader of the ProvincialLegislature and their top priority was economic development and income generation. Later thatday, on a tour of the area, the first editorial comment by our local Indigenous guide concernedthe need for local Indigenous people to develop their economic options. Similar exampleshappen continuously. People have also expressed much frustration at the lack of international support for theireconomic priorities. David Magaña, a Mayan leader from western Belize has been trying forsome time to secure some agricultural land to facilitate some of his people moving from an urbanenvironment and becoming self-sufficient in terms of food production. He has had extremedifficulty gathering support for his peoples priority. He told me that, “if I had been trying to getland for baboons to live on I would have been overwhelmed with support. But, for people,nothing. It is easier to get land for baboons to live on than it is to get land for poor Indigenouspeople to live on.” Repeatedly, the message from the Indigenous communities has been strong interest inprojects and initiatives that focus on income generation in areas they determine are important,not in areas that the international community, or international experts determine are ‘appropriate’for Indigenous economic activity.Canadian Indigenous Businesses. We will get back to the issue of proper areas for Indigenous economic devilment later,but for now I want to briefly describe some success stories of Indigenous businesses in Canadaand how other Indigenous peoples are interested in sharing this experience. I am proud to saythat Canada leads the world in Indigenous business development. Indigenous peoples andorganizations in Canada have businesses that operate in every sector of the Canadian economy.From resource industries where we have companies in mining, forestry, fishing, oil an gas, andall other sectors to transportation with airlines, ocean going shipping and trucking tocommunications to tourism to legal, financial - including banking institutions and internationalinvestment - and other services to high tech industries, there is even a Canadian Indigenousproduct that has been used for testing on the space shuttle, to environmental services, tomanagement. Indigenous businesses are represented successfully in literally every sector of theCanadian economy. As well, Indigenous peoples control and operate their own governments,schools, municipal services, social service agencies, legal services, and so on. In Canada, we even have a specialized department within the government of Canada,Aboriginal Business Canada, which has offices throughout the country and is mandated tosupport and encourage the development of Indigenous businesses. This department and itsofficers have provided a valuable service, providing capital, financial and networking support toCanadian Indigenous businesses. We also have a professional association of Native economicdevelopment officers, CANDO, which provides support and training for Native economicApikan/CIDEsa Presentation 17-Jan-96Nordic Council of Ministers Seminar onIndigenous Production and TradeCopenhagen, Denmark
  5. 5. -5-development professionals. I will be putting information on CANDO on the table at the back ofthe room later. One of my favourite examples of a successful Indigenous business is KitsakiDevelopment Corporation, which is wholly owned by the Lac La Ronge Indian Band in north-central Canada. Kitsaki, or KDC as it is known locally, began about ten years ago when itpartnered with the largest bulk transportation company in North America, Trimac, to providetransportation services to the mining industry. KDC, as a local supplier, had preferential accessto contract opportunities, an abundance of local ‘on the ground’ information, and access to alarge labour pool. Trimac, had the technical and financial capacity to provide specializedtransportation services. By pooling their strengths , they formed a joint venture, NorthernResource Trucking (NRT), which today is by far the largest bulk transportation company in anarea about twice the size of Denmark. Annual revenues for NRT are in the CAD$20-25 millionrange. In addition, NRT has supported dozens of local Indigenous entrepreneurs to purchasetheir own trucks and become lease operators with the parent operation. Building on the success of NRT and its profit driven approach to business (according toChief Harry Cook, “If we aren’t profitable, we cannot sustainably provide employment, trainingand other benefits to our people”) KDC now operates a stable of about 13 companies with annualrevenues exceeding CAD$30 million. They are the major player in the local economy and havebusinesses in most sectors such as tourism, catering, agriculture, marketing, real estate,insurance, processing, and so on. These businesses provide employment and businessopportunities for many band members and profits are used for various purposes, includingactivities such as supporting the development of school curriculum materials based on thelegends, stories and activities of the local Cree culture. The success of KDC has created a lot of pride in Band members and has had positiveimpacts on the social, political, cultural and economic marginalization of Band members. Whileit certainly hasn’t solved all the problems, KDC’s success has made a difference. Can youimagine the pride of individual Band members, knowing that they own and operate one of themost successful and profitable businesses in the region? Another example, which I’m certain Samuel will talk more about, is the Meadow LakeTribal Corporation (MLTC). In September Apikan coordinated an Indigenous partnershipmission where Indigenous economic leaders from Latin America visited a number of Indigenousbusiness and economic operations in Canada, then attended a national Indigenous economicdevelopment conference sponsored by CANDO. MLTC has a very profitable and successfulforestry operation. As Samuel will describe, they have successfully brought together industrialinterests, traditional resource users, communities and other interests. With a bottoms upapproach to resource management and harvest planning, they have developed a very profitable,multi-million dollar group of businesses. But, when we visited Meadow Lake, as Samuel andJorge Valiente, President of the World Council of Indigenous Peoples (WCIP) will confirm, thefirst place they took us to was their Health Centre.Apikan/CIDEsa Presentation 17-Jan-96Nordic Council of Ministers Seminar onIndigenous Production and TradeCopenhagen, Denmark
  6. 6. -6- Healthy People Make Healthy Decisions is the motto of MLTC and its operations. Theirbusinesses and the profits they generate are tools, used for a larger purpose - promoting andsustaining the health and well being of their Band membership. There are plenty of other examples of successful Indigenous businesses in Canada. Acouple that come to mind are First Air, an Inuit owned airline. Last January, I was part of abusiness delegation accompanying Canadian Prime Minister Chretien to South America, and wetraveled on a jet chartered from First Air. Unaaq, another Inuit company that is present heretoday has developed successful fishing and consulting operations, selling goods and servicesaround the world. The Inuvialuit Petroleum Corporation recently turned over about CAD$40million in profits to be used for the benefit of the Inuvialuit. Canadian Indigenous peoples are successfully active in many other areas as well. Forinstance, Winnipeg based Centre for Indigenous Environmental Resources, (CIER) is furtheringthe development of Indigenous environmental resource capacity and is looking at business andtraining opportunities related to this development. As I mentioned before, these businesses are not always successful, nor do they haveuniversally positive impacts. Development to be sustainable and productive, must have abalance. Too much of a focus on economic and business development alone, without a focus onsocial, cultural, spiritual and community development is not healthy or sustainable. But,similarly, a singular focus on social, cultural, spiritual and community development, withoutcorresponding economic development is also prone to problems. To be sustainable,development should aim to produce and support healthy people and families who have healthyeconomic options and opportunities. I could go on, but I think you get the message - Indigenous people can be successful andbenefit from business. These successes were not developed around ‘appropriate’ areas forIndigenous economic development, but on what opportunities are available and what the peoplethemselves decide are the areas they wish to focus on. And, the profits and benefits from thesebusinesses can be used to support the culture, health and well being of Indigenous peoples.Canadian Indigenous Business and Inter-Indigenous Partnerships The successes of Canadian Indigenous businesses, and how they have been able tocombine business and economic development success with social and cultural objectivesprovides a model that other Indigenous peoples are looking at with increasing interest. This‘development technology’ and business capacity of Canadian Indigenous business can bepartnered with the access to resources and opportunities available to other Indigenous peoples.These types of inter-Indigenous partnerships provide an opportunity to utilize the experience andcapacity of Canadian Indigenous businesses to work with Indigenous counterparts in other areasin mutually beneficial ways. As Samuel will describe later, this can create some exciting andinnovative opportunities. These types of inter-Indigenous partnerships offer mutually beneficial,and profitable development opportunities for Indigenous peoples.Apikan/CIDEsa Presentation 17-Jan-96Nordic Council of Ministers Seminar onIndigenous Production and TradeCopenhagen, Denmark
  7. 7. -7- As I stated earlier, this sharing of resources, capacities and opportunities does not needto be limited to the financial and business realm. How we negotiate, how we organize, how wetrain our people, how we support our cultures, all these skills and experiences are valuable, andcan serve as the basis for inter-Indigenous partnerships. Working together, sharing our experiences, strengths, resources and opportunities inmutually beneficial and supporting ways is what Inter-Indigenous partnerships is all about. Thisis true Partnership in Action.“Appropriate” Areas for Indigenous trade and production While I’m on the subject of Indigenous economic activities, let us think for a momentabout who should decide what are ‘appropriate’ areas for this activity. Should individuals and‘experts’, sitting at wooden desks, in petroleum heated offices, writing on wood fiber paper withplastic pens, driving or riding to work in metal and plastic, petroleum powered vehicles andflying around the world in metal and plastic petroleum powered aircraft, tell Indigenous peoples“you shouldn’t focus on resource industries for your development’? Should they? I think not. I want to tell you about a small project of a Kayapo community in Brazil. The peoplehave, with assistance from an ‘environmental’ NGO, been operating a small scale, eco-tourismoperation to try and meet some of their income needs. Needing more income to survive, andwanting to expand their economic options, they decided to explore small scale, sustainableforestry as another supplementary income source. Following several years of carefulconsideration, involving many community meetings and much soul searching, they decided todevelop very conservative model approach to sustainable forestry. Not only were they going toselect harvest, they would only do so one species at a time. This meant they might harvest somemature Mahogany from an area of their land one year, and then return to that area several yearslater to harvest another species and so on. With perhaps up to fifty years going by before theyreturned to harvest Mahogany again. Sounds pretty reasonable, doesn’t it? Well, it wasn’t reasonable enough for the NGOthat was supporting their eco-tourism efforts. Somewhere, in a petroleum heated office, likely ata wooden desk and after studying many reports written on wood fiber paper, a decision was madethat if the Kayapo engaged in forest harvesting, even with this ultra conservative approach, theycould no longer expect support for their eco-tourism efforts. For me, that is totallyunacceptable. Indigenous peoples have demonstrated for centuries their ability to protect theenvironment and biodiversity. Why would we no longer trust them to do so? Who should tell the MLTC that they are wrong to be in the forestry business andusing the proceeds to support and sustain the health of their people? Who should tell Chief Cookin La Ronge that KDC is wrong to work with the mining industry and use the profits from that todevelop curriculum for Indigenous schools? Who should tell the Inuvialuit that they shouldn’thave access to the $40 million for the benefit of their people? Who should decide if the Kayaposhould undertake small scale sustainable forestry? I’ll tell you who, the people themselves.They are the ones who have the most to lose or gain from those decisions and it should be theirdecision.Apikan/CIDEsa Presentation 17-Jan-96Nordic Council of Ministers Seminar onIndigenous Production and TradeCopenhagen, Denmark
  8. 8. -8- Indigenous peoples need to be empowered to establish their own development prioritiesand objectives, and be supported in developing the capacity to implement those priorities in asustainable manner. It is not for nation states, donor countries, International or multi lateralorganizations to decide what is the ‘politically correct’ form of development for Indigenouspeoples. It is their role to help ensure that Indigenous peoples have the capacity to makeinformed development decisions, not to dictate what those decisions should be. Surely the inherent right to self determination for Indigenous peoples includes the rightto decide on what type of economic activity is appropriate. Well, that pretty much concludes my part of the presentation. I will now turn the podiumover to my friend and colleague, Samuel Mercado who will share with you some informationabout the Miskito peoples and an exciting inter-Indigenous partnership they are developing.Samuel Mercado[Note: The original delivery was in Spanish - the following is an approximate translation of thespoken remarks.] Thank you Wayne and thank you to the Nordic Council of Ministers for the opportunityto be here today. This is an exciting and historic gathering and it is an honour to be here sharingwith you some of the history, the struggle and the hope of the Miskito nation.History of Miskito people and the Autonomous Atlantic Region The Miskito people live on the Atlantic Coast of Nicaragua and Honduras in CentralAmerica. In Nicaragua our numbers are about 150,000. Also, many Miskito people live in NorthAmerica and Europe, for economic reasons. Most of what I say today will be about those thatlive in Nicaragua. For centuries we have been living from our lands and managing ourresources. We still have one of the most resource rich areas in Central America. Our region isrich in forests, fish, minerals like gold, oil and gas, we have land for agriculture andmanufacturing and lots of opportunity to develop eco-tourism. In the 1980’s we had to struggle politically and militarily to hold on to our lands and ourway of life. I have been active in the Miskito leadership throughout that time and I’m still activetoday. I don’t want to go into a lot of detail, but we had some difficult struggles. We werecaught between the right and the left and had to do many things to survive. But, we survivedand, as part of the peace process to end the civil war in Nicaragua, the Central governmentrecognized the Autonomous Atlantic region of Nicaragua. This Autonomous region is largely populated by Indigenous peoples of Miskito, Sumoand Rama descent. It is divided into north and south regions and each region has its ownautonomous government.Apikan/CIDEsa Presentation 17-Jan-96Nordic Council of Ministers Seminar onIndigenous Production and TradeCopenhagen, Denmark
  9. 9. -9-Post Civil War Developments Following the civil war, many Miskito people who had been living as refugees inHonduras and elsewhere, moved back to Nicaragua. But, the towns and villages andinfrastructure they had left behind was destroyed by the war. Plenty Canada was one of the firstNGOs to come into the area and help the people. I was, and still am, the Central Americandevelopment officer for Plenty Canada. After providing food and emergency aid, Plenty assistedwith the formation of a Nicaraguan Indigenous NGO, Pana Pana. Pana Pana is a Miskito wordthat means I help you - you help me. From the start, Pana Pana was built like a business. When it started there were a lot ofNGOs with a lot of money, going to the communities and giving grants for projects and to dothings. Pana Pana said to the people, soon the money and these NGOs will be gone. When wehelp you it is with a loan. That is the only way we can survive in the long term. If we give yourice to plant, we want it paid back when you harvest, with interest. We helped people to buildhomes and boats on the same basis. Many people didn’t like that to start with, but Pana Pana gotestablished in some communities. Pana Pana is now strong in many communities in the region.Struggle to Prevent Foreign Exploitation of Resources Like I said before, the Atlantic region is very rich in resources. We have gold and otherminerals, the largest forests in Central America, fisheries, people say there is oil and gas on ourlands, we have land for agriculture and tourism. Many people and large companies have lookedat our resources and wanted them. Even though we have our Autonomous regions, the Centralgovernment has often tried to grant foreign companies concessions to exploit our resources. But,we have fought a war to hang on to our resources, and we were not going to let a foreigncompany take them and us not get any benefits.Formation of CIDEsa Pana Pana was working, but we knew we needed something else if we were going tohang on to our resources and develop them in ways that were sustainable and provided benefitsto our people. We knew we needed to make a business. The Miskito leadership met with thecommunities and we formed CIDEsa, the Corporation for Indigenous Economic Development.The Miskito in Honduras support us too and want us to work with them. CIDEsa and itsobjectives are fully supported by the Indigenous leadership and by the Regional Autonomousgovernments. We want to use CIDEsa to develop businesses around our resources, but not in ways likeforeign companies do. We want to develop in a sustainable way and make sure our communitiesbenefit. But, we do not have the money or the capacity to develop these businesses on our own.We need partners. Through Apikan we have made contact with Canadian Indigenous businesses that wewant to work with. They have already been successful in forestry and fishing and otherApikan/CIDEsa Presentation 17-Jan-96Nordic Council of Ministers Seminar onIndigenous Production and TradeCopenhagen, Denmark
  10. 10. - 10 -businesses and understand us when we tell them about not hurting our land and that ourbusinesses must benefit our people. We have already signed a number of agreements and arebeginning to look at the feasibility of some of the businesses. One of the most exciting partnerships we have is with the Meadow Lake Tribal Council(MLTC). As Wayne said already, they are successful in the forestry business, and they use thebusiness to support their people. We first met them at an Apikan conference on Indigenouspartnerships last year. They came down to visit our communities last September. They knowexactly what we mean when we talk about our land and our respect for it, about the importanceof our communities and that they must be involved in developing the business. They know wedon’t have money and they have even given us some support to keep operating. They areworking with Canada and CIDA to get money to do a detailed feasibility study, looking first atforestry and then at other opportunities.Technical and Operational Support Needs. We want to be partners with people like MLTC, but we don’t want to be weak partners,having to rely on our partners for money and expertise all the time. We want to develop our owncapacity. But we need help to do that. We need institutional strengthening, an office andequipment and the money to operate. We need money to hire people and help with training andsupport. I want to talk to the Nordic Council and DANIDA and others about how we can worktogether to meet these needs. In addition to CIDEsa’s need for financial and technical support, our regionalgovernments and institutions also need technical support if we are to realize all the benefits fromthis development. We need institutional strengthening to support our regional governments sothey can develop the capacity to design and implement resource and environmental managementplans and activities; so they can have the capacity to develop and implement other projects intraining and community health and do things to support our local entrepreneurs so they canbenefit from the new businesses. We need support for institutions like BICU, the BluefieldsIndian and Caribbean University which is struggling to develop and train our people. I hope the international community is ready to help us with our efforts. We are makingthis happen ourselves, but we need your support. Thank you for listening. If you have any questions, I would be happy to talk to you later.Wayne DunnThank you Samuel for that informative presentation. Now, Samuel and I will provide you withsome recommendations which we hope the Seminar will consider for inclusion in the finalreport.Apikan/CIDEsa Presentation 17-Jan-96Nordic Council of Ministers Seminar onIndigenous Production and TradeCopenhagen, Denmark
  11. 11. - 11 -Recommendations1. Support the Development of Indigenous Trade and Development StrategiesWe recommend that donor countries, international organizations and multi-lateral agencies provide financial and technical support to Indigenous peoples to assist them with the development of trade and development strategies, based on the priorities and objectives of Indigenous peoples, and that the Nordic Council of Ministers, and the Nordic Countries themselves take a lead role in supporting this recommendation and encouraging others to support it as well.2. Commitment of Financial Resources to Developing Inter-Indigenous PartnershipsWe recommend that donor countries, international organizations and multi-lateral agencies should provide financial and technical support to Indigenous peoples to assist them with the development of inter-Indigenous partnerships, and that the Nordic Council of Ministers, and the Nordic Countries themselves take a lead role in supporting this recommendation and encouraging others to support it as well.3. Support development of Indigenous capacityWe recommend that donor countries, international organizations and multi-lateral agencies should provide financial and technical support to Indigenous peoples to assist them to develop the capacity to design, develop and implement development and trade projects, and that the Nordic Council of Ministers, and the Nordic Countries themselves take a lead role in supporting this recommendation and encouraging others to support it as well.4. Oppose European Union Fur Ban (Regulation 3254/91)We recommend that the Nordic Council of Ministers and the Nordic Countries initiate actions and activities aimed at halting the implementation of the European Union ban on the import of furs.5. Global Environment Facility Support for Indigenous Trade and ProductionRecognizing that Indigenous peoples are the world’s greatest protectors of bio-diversity, and that lack of sustainable income generating options often forces people to commit unsustainable acts simply to survive, and recognizing that the Global Environment Facility can provide a major source of financing for Indigenous development, we recommend that the Nordic Council of Ministers and the Nordic Countries encourage the Global Environment Facility to support projects aimed at promoting sustainable Indigenous trade and productions initiatives.6. UNDP Support Indigenous Trade and DevelopmentRecognizing that the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), with its huge infrastructure of country offices and activities in developing countries, has the capacity to play an important role in supporting Indigenous trade and production, we recommend that the Nordic Council of Ministers and the Nordic Countries encourage the UNDP to design, develop and implement projects and initiatives in support of Indigenous peoples trade and development priorities.Apikan/CIDEsa Presentation 17-Jan-96Nordic Council of Ministers Seminar onIndigenous Production and TradeCopenhagen, Denmark
  12. 12. - 12 -7. Supporting the Development of Environmental Management CapacityRecognizing that Indigenous peoples, while possessing effective traditional environmental and resource management knowledge, often are lacking some of the technical skills to supplement this knowledge so it can be better applied to governmental environmental and resource management practices, we recommend that the Nordic Council of Ministers and the Nordic Countries take a lead role in supporting the development of environmental management capacity in Indigenous peoples and communities. We note that the Centre for Indigenous Environmental Resources, based in Winnipeg, Canada, in association with the University of Manitoba, has developed a degree program in the area of Indigenous environmental management, and that they have an interest in making this technology available internationally.8. Circulation of Workshop ResultsIt was recommended that the results of this Seminar be given the widest possible circulation.For additional information concerning these recommendations and this presentation contact:Wayne Dunn, Executive Director Samuel Mercado, President & CEOApikan Indigenous Network Corporation for Indigenous Economic Development110C Twyford Street 156 Rutherford CourtOttawa, Ontario Kanata, OntarioCanada K1V 0V7 Canada K2K N16Tel: 613-733-6069 Tel: 613-592-7604Fax: 613-733-7816 Fax: 613-592-2942 Nicaragua AddressNew Contact Information Corporación Indígena para el Desarrollo EconómicoWayne Dunn Bello Horizonte Rotonda 1 ½ c. al SurWayne Dunn & Associates Ltd. Casa # A-IV-102457 Bakerview Rd Managua, NicaraguaMill Bay, BC V0R 2P0 Tel/fax 505-2-490-567CANADATel 1-250-743-7619Fax 1-250-743-7659wayne@waynedunn.comwww.waynedunn.comApikan/CIDEsa Presentation 17-Jan-96Nordic Council of Ministers Seminar onIndigenous Production and TradeCopenhagen, Denmark