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1.studi tentang organisasi

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1.studi tentang organisasi

  1. 1. 1. Studi tentang Organisasi Perilaku Organisasi Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Padjadjaran Bandung 2004 1
  2. 2. Tujuan Pengajaran Pengertian organisasi Organisasi sebagai suatu sistem Model organisasi: Perilaku, struktur dan proses Lingkungan Organisasi 2
  3. 3. Pengertian Organisasi Entities that enable society to pursue accomplishments that can’t be achieved by individuals acting aloneSource : Gibson 3
  4. 4. Organizational Behavior The field of study investigates the impact that individuals, groups, and structure have on behavior within organization for the purpose of applying such knowledge toward improving an organization’s effectivenessSource : Stephen P. Robbins 4
  5. 5. Structure and processes affect organizationalbehavior and the emergent culture Structure Blueprint that indicates how people and jobs are grouped together in an organization. Structure is illustrated by an organization chart Processes Activities that breathe life into organization structure. Common processes are communication, decision making, socialization, and career development 5Source : Gibson
  6. 6. Organisasi sebagai suatu sistemThe relationships among individuals andgroups in organizations createexpectation for individuals behaviorSource : Gibson 6
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  8. 8. Human Resource policies and practices Organizational Organization Work design culture structure and designChange and ORGANIZATION Stress Group making Leadership SYSTEM LEVEL Group Work teams Communication structure Other Power and Conflict groups politics Biographical GROUP LEVEL characteristic Personality Perception Values and Individual Motivation attitudes decision making IndividualHuman Input Ability 8 learning INDIVIDUAL LEVEL
  9. 9. Model organisasi 1. PERILAKU 2. STRUKTUR 3. PROSES 9
  10. 10. 1. PERILAKU Individual Groups and Interpersonal InfluenceIndividual Characteristics Groups BehaviorIndividual Motivation Intergroup Behavior and ConflictReward and Appraisal Power and Politics Leadership 10
  11. 11. Individual Individual performance is the foundation of organizational performance. Understanding individual behavior is, therefore, critical for effective managementIndividual Motivation Motivation and ability to work interact to determine performance. Motivation theory attempts to explain and predict how individuals’ behavior is aroused,, sustained and stoppedReward and Appraisal One of the most powerful influences on individual performance is an organization’s reward system. Management can use rewards to increase present employees’ performance. 11
  12. 12. 2. STRUKTURAn organization’s structure is the formal pattern ofactivities and interrelationship among the varioussubunits of the organization JOB DESIGN  job design refers to the process by which managers specify the contents, methods and relationships of jobs to satisfy both organizational and individual requirements ORGANIZATIONAL DESIGN  Organization design refers to the overall organizational structureSource : Gibson 12
  13. 13. 3. PROSESCOMMUNICATIONOrganizational survival is related to management’s ability to receive,transmit, and act on information DECISION MAKINGThe quality of decision making in an organization depends on selectingproper goals and identifying means for achieving them. With goodintegration of behavioral and structural factors, management canincrease the probability that high-quality decision are madeSource : Gibson 13

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