Towards carbon credit schemes in shea value chains
ICCO West AfricaTowards carbon credit schemes in shea value chainsa programmatic approach in Mali, Burkina Faso, Ghana.Presented by:V.L. van der LindenConsultant at F&S WAVictor.email@example.com+223 76 910 933Skype id: vl.vanderlinden
• ICCO is the interchurch organization for developmentcooperation, partner to enterprising people• In 44 countries in Asia, Africa and Latin America wesupport programs that contribute to a dignified humanexistence and a strong local economy.• ICCO works with 7 programs to alleviate poverty:• Fair Economic Development• Food and Nutrition Security• Education• WASH (water, sanitation and hygiene)• Fair Climate• Democracy and Peace• Emergency Aid• For more information: http://www.icco-international.com/int/ICCO Global
ICCO West Africa• http://www.icco-international.com/int/about-us/regions/west-africa/• http://m.icco.nl/west-africa/home• Office based in Bamako. Programs inBenin, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Liberia,Mali, Senegal, Sierra Leone
Approach / main themes• Sustainable production, processing,marketing activities in chains• Organisation of farmers• Access to finance, BDS and other services• Developing sustainable businessrelationships• Enabling environment, i.e. regulatoryframeworks, access to land, goodgovernance, accountability
Approach / main themes• Connect4Change Alliance adds ICTcomponent to our value chain interventions• Multi stakeholder processes in shea andsesame sectors (ML and BF, Ghana startingup)– Started August 2012– Programmatic Approach– Regular stakeholder meetings– Systemic change through joined forces– Joint financing and learning
The Fair Climate Fund• Fairclimate Fund:• Fair Climate flyer• FairClimateFundThe Fair Climate Fundwas established by ICCOin 2009 to buy and sellthe carbon creditsgenerated by theseprojects on the voluntaryDutch and Europeanmarkets. Revenue fromthese credits flows backto the people in thedeveloping countrieswhere the credits weregenerated.
The Fair Climate Fund• Scale-up goals are:• Development of existing and new Fair ClimateNetworks• Development of capacity and businessapproaches among NGOs and other social entities• Increased expertise in carbon credit development.• Development and implementation of carbon credit-generating projects• Financing of carbon project registration processes.• Participation of European companies in carbon-neutral value chains
State of the art 2013• ICCO is taking a more regional approachto shea value chain development– Strategic collaboration with Global SheaAlliance– Expansion of program to Ghana, open forexploring interventions in other shea countries– Capitalising on experiences / programmaticapproach– More focus on environmental aspect of theshea chain (see case study)
Carbon Footprint of Hand-Crafted Shea Butterin Cosmetic ProductsCommissioned by: ICCO West AfricaResearcher: David GlewCompany: The Savannah Fruits Company Ltd.www.savannahfruits.comCASE (executivesummary):
• The aim of the study is to provide a picture of GHGemissions across the shea butter supply chain tohighlight where emissions savings can most effectivelybe made, specifically regarding the use of efficientstoves.• This information will be useful in providing the sheaindustry with a platform on which to reduce itsenvironmental impacts.Justification and Aim
Method• This research uses the British StandardPAS2050.• The functional unit is set as: “GHG (kgCO2eq) of1kg Shea in a cosmetic product”.• Mass allocation is used to distribute emissionsamong Shea butter’s co-products such as thehusks and kernel residue that can be used as abiofuel or compost.
System BoundaryHand collected sheanutsShea kernelsHusksKernel ResidueUnrefined hand-crafted sheabutterBoiling, Drying and De-husking,TransportRoasting, Milling Boiling, Kneading,Filtering, Packaging, TransportRefined shea butterRefining, Packaging, TransportShea butter in cosmeticsFormulation, Packaging, Storage,TransportInputSupply chainOutput
49.5%25.9%0.6%1.1%19.6%3.3%Harvesting and DehuskingButter ExtractionRefiningFormulationFinal product PackagingTransport• Burning woody biofuels to pre-treat the nut for de-husking andto extract butter are by far the largest emitting processes.• The focus of carbon reduction effort in the Shea supply chainshould address the source and use of wood in the extractionprocess as a priority.Results
Reducing GHG using Stoves10.378.446.50024681012Traditional Stove 25% Wood Saving Stove 50% Wood SavingkgCO2eq of 1 kg Shea Butter in Cosmetics Comparing Traditional Extraction and Stoves• Stoves could reduce Shea butter’s carbon footprintthough Shea may still lag behind other conventionalvegetable oils.
• The GHG emissions of traditionally produced shea buttermay generally be expected to exceed that of othervegetable oil.• The use of woody biofuels on open fires are mostlyresponsible for this.• Efficient stoves can reduce shea’s GHG by as much as40%.• Future research may be directed into reducing theconsumption of wood and sourcing from sustainablesources.Conclusions
Contact researcher• We would be very grateful to any companies who arewilling to provide energy data on the extraction andrefining stages of Shea’s life cycle.• We are happy receive any feedback or questions onthe data presented here.• This report will be published in spring or summer2013.• For further information please contact David Glewdwg501@york.ac.uk
• To develop interventions / programs to reduceemissions and promote carbon neutral sheavalue chain in Ghana, BF and ML. We intend todo carbon footprints in BF (done already) and MLas well.Follow up
Contacts ICCOManon StravensProgram Officer FEDGhana and Sierra LeoneOffice phone: 00223 20 29 3113Cell phone: 00223 76536764Skype: manon.stravens1Manon.Stravens@iccokia.orgMamadou DiarrahProgram Officer FEDMali and Burkina Faso+22375122172Mamadou.Diarrah@iccokia.orgFair Climate Fund:Gert de Gansgert.firstname.lastname@example.orgICCO West Africa: