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Waternomics: Overview of the Pilots Objectives, Measures and Outcomes


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This is a presentation made by Louise Hannon at the Waternomics final event on 31/01/2017 for sharing an overview of the Pilots Objectives, Measures and Outcomes

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Waternomics: Overview of the Pilots Objectives, Measures and Outcomes

  1. 1. @WATERNOMICS_EU Project co-funded by the European Commission within the 7th Framework Program (Grant Agreement No. 619660) PILOTS OBJECTIVES, MEASURES AND OUTCOMES LOUISE HANNON NUI GALWAY Waternomics Final Event, 31st January, 2017 – NUI Galway
  2. 2. @WATERNOMICS_EU www.waternomics.eu2 PRESENTATION LAYOUT 1. Profile of the Pilot Sites 2. Stakeholders & Objectives 3. Interventions – Measures Implemented 4. Results from the pilots
  3. 3. @WATERNOMICS_EU www.waternomics.eu3 ROLE OF THE PILOT SITES WATERNOMICS Objective - Use ICT in a WMP Framework as an enabling technology to manage water as a resource, increase end-user conservation awareness, affect behavioural changes, avoid waste through leak and fault detection and diagnosis. Pilot, Demonstrate and Validate Innovations Engage with Pilot Site Stakeholders Analyse efficacy of Systems Water Management Plan
  4. 4. @WATERNOMICS_EU www.waternomics.eu4 LOCATION Corporate Domestic Public/Mixed Use LINATE AIRPORT, MILAN, ITALY DOMESTIC HOUSES, THERMI, GREECE ENGINEERING BUILDING, NUI GALWAY, IRELAND COLÁISTE NA COIRIBE, GALWAY, IRELAND USERS Corporate Water Consumers Leisure and Business Travellers Domestic Water Consumers and Utility Providers Mixed/Public Water Consumers - University Mixed/Public Water Consumers - School KEYSTATISTICS No remote water monitoring system in place originally 10 Km of drinking water network 5 New USF Meters & 40 other meters measuring (flow/ pressure/energy / ground water level) installed by WATERNOMICS Utilities Management, Maintenance Staff, Environmental Managers 15 km from Thessaloniki covering an area of 384 sq. km with 70,000 people 10 households agreed to participate in Project – 6 participated fully Different water usages and different family types Adults young adults and children - Typical cross section of the domestic environment Designed as a living laboratory and opened in 2011 14,000 sqm on four floors occupied by 1,000 students and 100 staff 11 existing water meters & BMS system in place 8 New USF Meters and 3 inline meters installed by WATERNOMICS Building Managers, Staff, Students (most 18 – 24 years old), Researchers Opened in October 2015 M21; 500 students (most 12 – 18 years old) and 40 staff; 7 mechanical water meters and building control system planned in original construction contract Additional 7 inline mechanical water meters and site view screen proposed by WATERNOMICS Management/Maintenance, Staff, Students, Teachers PILOT SITES
  5. 5. @WATERNOMICS_EU www.waternomics.eu5 STAKEHOLDERS Students Staff Managers (bill payers) Managers (operations) Researchers 3rd Parties NUIG/CNAC NUIG/CNACLINATE THERMI Airport Staff Airport Managers (bill payers) Managers (operations) Airport Passengers Researchers 3rd Parties Householders Bill Payers Utility Providers Researchers 3rd Parties
  6. 6. @WATERNOMICS_EU www.waternomics.eu6 PILOT SITE OBJECTIVES Increase Awareness Promote Education Reduce Consumption Improve Operation Promote Environmental Responsibility ‘Increase general awareness of water consumption’ ‘Open access to water data (i.e. not proprietary ‘closed’ data models)’ ‘The ability for the system to detect and alert the user to faults in the network’ ‘Comparing building or site water footprint against industry norms’ ‘Display water consumption information for various periods (total volume over time T.’
  7. 7. @WATERNOMICS_EU www.waternomics.eu7 STAKEHOLDERS AND OBJECTIVES Students Staff Managers (bill payers) Managers (operations) Researchers 3rd Parties Project Objective ICT to reduce water use and losses and change water use behaviour Pilot Objectives Increase Awareness Reduce Consumption Improve Operation Promote Education Key Stakeholders NUIG/CnaC
  8. 8. @WATERNOMICS_EU www.waternomics.eu8 MEASURES TO MEET OBJECTIVES • WATERNOMICS Platform Apps - Managers • WATERNOMICS Platform Apps - Public • Public Display Re. Water Consumption • Interactive Signage at Water Meters Increase Awareness • Water Aware Workshops / Seminars • WATERNOMICS Seminars • Promote use of WATERNOMICS Data • Promote WATERNOMICS Platform for new Apps Promote Education • Water Consumption Awareness • Gamification • Engagement Reduce Consumption • Installation of Metering • Water Network Information • Identification of Faults • Diagnosis of Faults Improve Operation • Water Information Seminars • Promote use of WATERNOMICS Data • Promote Waternomics Platform/Apps • Newsletters Promote Environmental Responsibility
  9. 9. @WATERNOMICS_EU www.waternomics.eu9 ASSESSING SUCCESS & KPIS • Awareness Surveys ~ 300 pre & post surveys • Google Analytics at Public Dashboards • Google Analytics at Managers Dashboards • Google Analytics at Interactive Signage Increase Awareness • New Projects using data • Ideas for dashboard • Internship applications Promote Education • User Controlled Water Consumption reduced • System Controlled Water Consumption reduced Reduce Consumption • Silent faults diagnosed • Inefficiencies Identified • Alert system to identify potential faults Improve Operation • Airport staff using data • SEA initiating water management system type measures Promote Environmental responsibility
  10. 10. @WATERNOMICS_EU www.waternomics.eu10 INCREASE AWARENESS - RESULTS • Pre and post intervention surveys undertaken at pilots to measure water conservation behaviour; • Pencil and paper questionnaires developed based on Norm Activation Model (NAM; Schwartz, 1977) to explain altruistic pro environmental behaviour; • NAM looks at problem awareness (PA), ascription of responsibility (AR) and outcome efficacy (OE) and how these relate to personal norms and behaviour; • Responses measured on 5 point scale where respondents chose a response from strongly disagree (1) to strongly disagree (5) to a statement; • Also measured – Personal Norms, Existing Behaviour, Intention to Participate in promotion
  11. 11. @WATERNOMICS_EU www.waternomics.eu11 INCREASE AWARENESS - RESULTS • Example of question to measure PA (1 of 3 Relating) • Example of question to measure OE (1 of 5 Relating) • Example of question to measure AR (1 of 4 Relating)
  12. 12. @WATERNOMICS_EU www.waternomics.eu12 INCREASE AWARENESS - RESULTS
  13. 13. @WATERNOMICS_EU www.waternomics.eu13 INCREASE AWARENESS - RESULTS Coláiste na Coiribe Secondary School
  14. 14. @WATERNOMICS_EU www.waternomics.eu14 PROMOTE EDUCATION-RESULTS • Focus groups and open days held in Thermi newsletters and social media engagement activities; • NUIG hosted student interns in June 2016 to carry out a short project on water usage at Coláiste na Coiribe; • Final Year Electronic Engineering Projects are underway at NUI Galway developing real time monitoring solution for existing mechanical meters (OCR /Pulse); • Project planned in March 2017 to construct laboratory model of building potable water network to examine effect of retention time on water quality under various conditions; • Water Awareness Workshops attended by 150 students ages 12 -17 years in 2016; • Secondary School hydro-energy project underway at local secondary school following Water Awareness Workshop;
  15. 15. @WATERNOMICS_EU www.waternomics.eu15 REDUCE CONSUMPTION-RESULTS NUI Galway Eng Building Schematic Water System Ref . No # Description Location Model 1 MR.WM.001 Mains water supply (MWS) Energy Centre WDE-K30 (B Meters) 2 MR.WM.002 Cold water service (CWS) Energy Centre WDE-K30 (B Meters) 3 FL.WM.GW Rainwater water top-up Eng_G001 GMDX (B Meters) 4 MWS1 Canteen potable water Ground Floor (East) GMDX (B Meters) 5 MWS2 Drinking fountain on ground floor Ground Floor (East) GSD5 (B Meters) 6 MWS_3046 Drinking fountain 3rd floor by room 3046 GSD5 (B Meters) 7 MWS_3002 Drinking fountain 3rd floor by room 3002 GSD5 (B Meters) 8 MWS_3007 Drinking fountain 3rd floor by room 3007 GSD5 (B Meters) 9 CWS2 Male hand wash cold ENG-G021 GSD5 (B Meters) 10 RWP1 Female toilets ground floor ENG-G021 GMDX (B Meters) 11 RWP2 Male toilets ground floor ENG-G021 GMDX (B Meters) 12 USF_03 Female showers and sinks cold ENG-G036 UFM-TM/TS (VTEC) 13 USF_04 Male showers and sinks cold water ENG-G004 UFM-TM/TS (VTEC) 14 USF_06 Lab cold water service ENG-G00X UFM-TM/TS (VTEC) 15 USF_08 Rainwater cold water top-up (west) ENG-3012 UFM-TM/TS (VTEC) 16 USF_07 Rainwater cold water top-up (east) ENG-3026 UFM-TM/TS (VTEC) 17 USF_09 All domestic hot water Second floor calorifier UFM-TM/TS (VTEC) 18 USF_10 Cold water service Energy Centre UFM-TM/TS (VTEC) 11 mechanical meters and 7 USF meters Water Supply System MWS - Mains Water Supply CWS - Cold Water Supply DHW – Domestic Hot Water supply RWHS – Rain Water Harvesting System
  16. 16. @WATERNOMICS_EU Overall Building Water Usage – MAINS WATER SUPPLY (MWS) January to June 2016 in-term baseline - NUIG Engineering Building 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 January February March April May June 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 January February March April May June Cluster Analysis (Cardell-Oliver, 2013) Fridays Three Clusters: Volumeperday(m3)Volumeperday(m3) * Average daily flow / ‘baseline’. This value excludes holidays periods. Removed from data set REDUCE CONSUMPTION-RESULTS
  17. 17. @WATERNOMICS_EU www.waternomics.eu17 REDUCE CONSUMPTION-RESULTS Overall Building Water Usage – MAINS WATER SUPPLY (MWS) January to June 2016 in-term baseline - NUIG Engineering Building
  18. 18. @WATERNOMICS_EU www.waternomics.eu18 REDUCE CONSUMPTION-RESULTS Biggest Water Consumers – MAINS WATER SUPPLY (MWS) January to June 2016 in-term baseline - NUIG Engineering Building 60 - 75 % of CWS supplies rainwater tanks 25 - 40% of CWS used for Taps & Showers Flow Signature Application - Eng Building Showers – 15-20 showers per day approx. Average shower time is 5.8 minutes with a min and max of 1.5 - 15 minutes respectively. Average shower uses 200 litres with a min and max usage of 50 and 660 litres respectively.
  19. 19. @WATERNOMICS_EU www.waternomics.eu19 REDUCE CONSUMPTION-RESULTS MAINS WATER SUPPLY (MWS) January 2016 – December 2016 in-term baseline - NUIG Engineering
  20. 20. @WATERNOMICS_EU www.waternomics.eu20 REDUCE CONSUMPTION-RESULTS Why the high Usage? Rule- based FDD Concluded RWH System Fault Confirmed by Flow Signature CWS top-up to Rainwater Harvesting (RWH) Header Tanks (1) Comparative Outflow From RWH and CWS Usage (2)
  21. 21. @WATERNOMICS_EU www.waternomics.eu21 IMPROVE OPERATION - RESULTS Monitoring alert system identifies hidden faults At NUIG Pilot a Rule- based FDD app alerts manager by email to potable water residence time exceedance
  22. 22. @WATERNOMICS_EU www.waternomics.eu22 IMPROVE OPERATION - RESULTS Baseline Water consumption established at Coláiste na Coiribe Pilot Jan-June 2016
  23. 23. @WATERNOMICS_EU www.waternomics.eu23 IMPROVE OPERATION - RESULTS Baseline Water consumption established at Coláiste na Coiribe Pilot Jan-June 2016
  24. 24. @WATERNOMICS_EU www.waternomics.eu24 IMPROVE OPERATION - RESULTS Coláiste na Coiribe – Faults Identified Exceedance of Baseline/Unexpected Flow
  25. 25. @WATERNOMICS_EU www.waternomics.eu25 IMPROVE OPERATION - RESULTS • Significant usage identified on MWS (WM001) at approximately 15 m3/day (0.64m3/hr) - Continuous Flow • Treating the water mains as a dendogram, each water main meter was investigated using a top-down hierarchal rule-based approach to identify the continuous flow signature. • Continuous flows signature of Fault 1 was detected in the rainwater harvesting top-up line. • Greywater tank supply to the building was found to be continuous during this period. Suspected to be a leak/faulty toilet cistern. • Fault was reported to management in mid-March and was resolved on the 31st March. • Fault coincided with a dry period resulting in the use of costed mains water as opposed harvested rainwater (239.24m3) .
  26. 26. @WATERNOMICS_EU www.waternomics.eu26 LINATE-CONCLUSIONS CONCLUSION COMMENT Waternomics Information Platform Very Effective Increase awareness among the airport managers and staff of normal usage - usage enabled identification of potential problems Managers are interested in the Waternomics Information Platform Interest in maintaining the platform for the Linate airport At Linate interactions with Public Dashboard touch screen displays was very successful More than 2000 users attracted. Personal water footprint calculated and feedback released Great interest in Fault detection and the possibility to perform hydraulic simulation in a easy way Staff at Linate acknowledge that useful for detecting faults at an early stage saving water and money
  27. 27. @WATERNOMICS_EU www.waternomics.eu27 THERMI - CONCLUSIONS CONCLUSION COMMENT Increase in awareness confirmed by end users The apps helped in understanding their water consumption Users started thinking changing specific behaviours In some cases users reported that it affected some of their decisions (especially the choice between washing dishes in the dishwasher or by hand) Users became familiar with different water usages and their effect (e.g. water footprint) Although challenged that we are looking only at water and does not include other environmental dimensions such as energy Relative peace of mind for faults If measurement was in the mains supply it would be even better Increased interest in adopting more smart home technologies Especially for power consumption which is more expensive In busy households water is not a high priority Water is inexpensive and therefore not high on the list that affect the budget of a household
  28. 28. @WATERNOMICS_EU www.waternomics.eu28 GALWAY PILOTS - CONCLUSIONS CONCLUSION COMMENT High Profile Display of Current Water Usage Number Very Effective Creating significant discussion and commentary from staff and students are aware of scale of volume Managers are interested in concept and outputs of platform but cannot prioritise above emergency issues Ensure that access to dashboard and information is as easy as possible – desktop icon/ weekly update At NUIG and Coláiste na Coiribe, identification of faults very successful Faults that would otherwise remain hidden are now being identified, limitations on maintenance budgets is issue Consider water usage as Operation or System controlled and User controlled In a public building behavioural change in staff and students will be overshadowed masked by system controlled consumption Water awareness baselines are high and post intervention results show increase only in junior cycle students May be difficult to increase awareness result from high baseline also in public building motivation for change is less clear
  29. 29. @WATERNOMICS_EU www.waternomics.eu29 FINAL REMARKS • Operational alert system in place for water retention exceedance in potable water network NUIG • Public dashboard to be maintained in NUIG Pilot and developed as part of water/energy studies • Significant faults identified in CnaC Pilot (3) and Engineering Building Pilot (2) • Extension of piloted systems from Linate Airport to Malpensa airport • Flow signature methodology developed & applied • Some gains in awareness with secondary school students
  30. 30. @WATERNOMICS_EU www.waternomics.eu30 @waternomics_eu
  31. 31. @WATERNOMICS_EU www.waternomics.eu31 This project has received funding from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme for research, technological development and demonstration under grant agreement no 619660. @waternomics_eu This project is member of and